Dark Energy and Dark Imbecility
by Sorin Cosofret
Apparently, the title of this
newsletter is about astronomy, but in fact it browses quite all the field of
exact sciences starting with general chemistry, physical chemistry,
relativity, quantum theory, nuclear chemistry and physics, spectroscopy,
classical electromagnetism, kinetic molecular theory, astronomy, etc.
I suppose that chemists and common
laymen are going to appreciate the real value of this newsletter and laugh
of the imbecilities promoted by mainstream physics.
Tons of pro and contra "scientific” papers arguing about the twin paradox
promoted by STR have already been written after the advent of this theory.
The situation is going to change dramatically because the first section
presents a simple astronomical exemplification, i.e. the supernovae, which
has to be the strongest evidence against STR.
The STR predicts that further away a supernova explodes, the duration
of this event, seen by an Earth observer has to be much longer than the time
of same event taking place in our cosmic vicinity.
Of course in case of astronomy, recession speeds
greater than light speed are possible because astronomers came up with
another imbecility: space between galaxies can expand faster than light so
present theoreticians seems to not see any problem for the SRT.
With the advance in technology and launch of the
latest generation of satellites, there is going to be a new problem for them
though! There are already very high red shift galaxies found with HST but
the new JWST satellite is going to push the limit even further. HST already
detected some galaxies which appears to have superluminal recessional
speeds. JWST should have a real success in detecting galaxies which are very
close to the light speed limit of recessions i.e. speeds of about 0,99c or
0,999c and superluminal speeds.
Postulate: If faster than light receding astronomical objects
exists, a new branch of physics has to be invented.
For any common sense mind a signal from a far
away galaxy is never going to arrive to Earth if space between us and the
considered galaxy is receding with a greater then light speed. But for an
army of theoreticians, paid from public money to invent and endless chain of
imbecilities, a trick was found in order to bypass this situation too and in
the end, there seems to be no problem at all to receive light from galaxies
moving away with speeds greater than light speed.
Well, if astronomers already observed
superluminal recessional galaxies, they have to invent a new way to measure
the observed time of a supernova in such galaxy.
According to the STR as the recessional speed of
galaxy is closer and closer to the light speed, the observed time for such
supernova expands exponentially and an instrument on Earth should observe a
supernova which lasts for centuries or millennia; it is possible to get also
endless supernovae when recessional speed of host galaxy is very very close
to the light speed.
Yet, in case of galaxies receding from us with
superluminal speeds the formula used for measuring the "time dilation” does
not work because it is not possible to obtain square root from a negative
main idea to take home is the following: SRT has no prediction for the
observed time of a supernova in a galaxy having
superluminal recessional velocities.
But there is still place for inventing other imbecilities in the field and
of course there are top institutions which are keen to further prize these
Of course the 2011 nobel prize has to be taken
into discussion and even a layman can now understand the "scientific” value
of this topic...
SRT combined with Hubble law come with a direct correlation between the
apparent time of a supernova and the distance up to the event, the topic
should have been a simple home work for a student.
Instead of taking ad litteram the
simplest way to solve the problem astronomers preferred to take another
approach, which appears bizarre and in a layman words would simply be
categorized as …. cooking up the books!
A detailed analysis is made and there is no
wonder that "cooking the raw data” brought the physics of latest decades on
the verge of collapse and phantasmagorical searches.
The search for dark energy is nothing more than a
futile endeavour of an immature generation of scientists who are spending
public or private money for their vanity and stupidity.
There are even other special consequences for
astronomy if SRT and Hubble law are accepted.
Postulate: If special theory of relativity (STR) and/or expansion of universe are accepted
as true, the variation of
an astronomical source intensity as 1/r
2 has to be discarded.
There is a simple exemplification of this
postulate for supernovae and present theoreticians have a homework: to
choose which absurdity is worth being ruled out first...
The invented dark energy is not enough to explain the expected dimming of
far away supernovae foreseen by this postulate.
Going further, few
people would ever think that a simple star explosion can discard quite all
the edifice of classical classical and modern physics; being short of time,
only an exemplification for classical electromagnetism and kinetic molecular
theory is made.
Any star explosion supposes an acceleration of
the stellar matter and as far this matter is ionised at the moment of the
explosion, any star explosion imply an acceleration of electric charges.
There is a very simple question to be answered: Which
part or which layers of the initial star are supporting the longest
acceleration during star collapse?
Assuming a onion like structure for a star before
explosion, it is common sense to accept that layers closer to the centre of
the star are going to have a small displacement when the neutron stars
forms. Outside layers are going to have the greatest displacement,
Longer the acceleration was acting, more
electromagnetic radiation has to be emitted by the charged particles.
In conclusion, the most outer layer of the
initial star is going to have the longest acceleration during star collapse
and correspondingly the most amount of electromagnetic radiation emitted.
When a star explodes, an observer should see a transition of the star
luminosity maximum from visible toward higher photons energies in UV, X-ray
and even gamma ray.
Once the neutron star get formed, and the rest of
the star material bounces of it, the phenomena get quite "reversed”. The
inner layers of star cannot get high acceleration because they are staying
under outer layers …
Again the matter of the most outer layers after
bouncing on neutron star are most accelerated and they should emit the most
amount of energy.
The fact, that an observer sees the most energy
coming from a supernova explosion in visible light and the maximum of this
emission does not move toward higher domains (UV, X-ray), means that either
classical electromagnetisms or the explosion star mechanism is wrong. For
the new proposed theory both are absurd and have to be discarded!
The kinetic molecular theory on the other hand
assumes that temperature is a expression of the kinetic motion of the matter
constituents. The observational data from a supernova explosion contradicts
the basic assumption of kinetic molecular theory, too.
The case of SN 1987A is analysed and it is found
that matter from stellar photosphere initially at more than 20000 K, and
being further accelerated by explosion, have to further increase its
temperature. The observations showed the contrary; the temperature of the
photosphere in supernovae is about 5000 K, because in any telescope
measurements the maximum emission for supernovae is in visible part of the
If KMT is true, the maximum emissions for a
supernova have to move toward higher energies, i.e. UV and X-ray. It is a
homework for theoreticians to decide which has to be ruled out first: KMT or
the actual explanation for supernovae.
Of course there is a "gas expansion” but this
comes later after the material bounces off the "core” and this aspect is
not discussed here.
The proposed theory rules out both theories and
proposes another approach in order to explain the observed facts.
Postulate: The acceleration of a material body in a
gravitational field is dependent on its state of aggregation.
Corollary: Gases and plasma cannot be accelerated by gravitational fields.
Corollary: Gravitational bounce of a gas (plasma) on a solid surface has
little or no macroscopic effects.
The section 3 is dedicated to a forgotten topic: heavy elements production
in stars and a new postulate is formulated.
Postulate: Common stars (like our Sun), in a
certain period of their life, generates quite all the known elements of the
periodic table by nucleosynthesis.
Astronomer Paul W. Merrill in 1952 detected the
spectral signature of technetium (specifically wavelengths of 403.1 nm,
423.8 nm, 426.2 nm, and 429.7 nm) in the light of some red giants stars.
Many other elements were previously detected but this case is special: there
are not known stable isotopes for this element. A half-life of few million
years is too short to allow the metal to be a left-over material from
something which existed before the star's formation.
This was the first
direct experimental evidence that heavier elements are the product of
nucleosynthesis in stars. It is a pity that such fundamental
discovery has become a footnote of history when in fact such topic should
have received at least a Nobel prize.
Of course further is analysed how
the technetium problem and the heavy elements production in stars fits into
the present promoted imbecility of big bang theory!
Section 4 makes an introduction for a future
discussion about physical and chemical phenomena taking place in stars. This
discussion is about electrons and electron shells. Nuclear reactions are
something to complicate to be understood by living theoreticians, so a bit
of warm up is necessary for later discussions.
This section brings in front of the reader an
absurdity unseen by millions of theoreticians who have been working in the
field of astronomy for centuries.
A star is considered a ball of ionized plasma but, on the other hand, in
the remnant of a supernova one can find mostly common neutralized
matter. When this process of recombination occurs and how an entire army of
theoreticians omitted to take into account both the energetics of
this process and the effects of a recombination for the electric charges?
A detailed analysis of these processes is made and observations
Although there is enough energy to have a plentiful spectra in UV and
X-ray coming only from the recombination of electric charges, in
most supernova there is no such abundant spectra in UV or X-ray during
the initial stage of star explosion!
The total energy released at the iron recombination is about 34619 eV.;
the observed spectra for a supernova in visible and infrared can be
explain by taking out only a few decades of eV from the amount of 34619 eV.
From the perspective of the new proposed theory, there exist no valid
answer when the recombination of the electric charges takes place,
because this process do not take place at all. Most of the matter
blasted out by the star explosion is already in neutral state and the
present accepted stellar model cannot allow this to happen.
In fact how many elements heavier then iron were ever been observed into
a supernova? The big bang theory preaches everywhere that heavier then
iron elements are formed during supernova explosion, but have you ever
found a discussion about a ton of lead produced into a supernova! These
aspects are going to be discussed in the second part of this newsletter.
The case of Sirius B is
analysed in the Section V because this star& has
a tremendous importance for the present day astronomy because based on
its characteristics some entire branches of physics have to be ruled
out. In a previous newsletter it was shown how Sirius B can discard the
entire General Relativity theory.
Now it is time to see other aspects.....
The spectrum of a white dwarf is simple, containing in principal only
absorption lines from the hydrogen atom. But, unlike the same lines in
the blue giant star, in case of white dwarf spectra hydrogen lines have
a specific characteristic: lines are broadened due to the intense
pressure on the surface of the star.
The question to be answered is: how the heck the white dwarf has only
hydrogen in its atmosphere and no traces of any other elements,
especially carbon or oxygen?
In a distillation process, if a mixture of liquid components with
relative close molecular masses is heated, all the components can be
found in the gaseous phase in certain proportion.
In case of a white dwarf formation (at temperatures of up to 80000 K),
it is impossible to have such a segregation of carbon and oxygen from
hydrogen and only some elements to form the degenerate state.
Any common sense mind would accept that some hydrogen has to be
condensed into the degenerate phase and some carbon and oxygen has to
remain in the atmosphere of the star.
What laws are governing the physical and chemical processes at the
surface of such star that at 80000 K, no oxygen or carbon is present
into the atmosphere!?....
In a previous newsletter it was postulated that a celestial body cannot
have a mixture of degenerate and non-degenerate matter in its
A white dwarf with a core formed by degenerate matter composed from C/O
and at atmosphere composed from pure hydrogen is a fake model.
There are other arguments which support this idea and I am going to
highlight some shortly.
The hydrogen or any other element harvested by the white dwarf before
reaching the Chandrasekhar limit for exploding into a supernova, brings
other problems for the modern astronomy.
No one has ever questioned the fate of the accretion disk though!
In the spectra of the supernova type Ia, the first thing to be
identified have to be the constituents of the accretion disk and
eventually the constituents of white dwarf atmosphere.
In case of a donor like our Sun, the spectra of a type I supernova must
have hydrogen and helium lines, at least for a certain period of time.
The physical chemistry can came with other argument which rule out the
accepted model for a white dwarf.
The Sun photosphere has a temperature of about 6000 K and in the Suns
atmosphere one can see a lot of lines. Beside hydrogen and helium, quite
all the elements found on Earth can be found in Sun atmosphere, only the
ratio is different. Most elements are in traces amount in Sun
atmosphere, and yet in the Sun spectra, one can detect the presence of
The fact that one can observe absorption lines in case of the Sun is
"still an unresolved problem of astronomy”, and this was tackled in a
previous newsletter about star model. For the temperature of 6000 K, one
can "admit” that elements can be present as neutral atoms into Sun
By comparison a white dwarf can have a surface temperature of 80000 K, and
at this temperature it is impossible to have an atmosphere of few
hundreds meter depth containing neutral hydrogen. No "common sense”
theory could be ever accepted, if it preaches such things. It is
impossible for an atom to have electrons in the ground state – so it is
told by quantum mechanics - at much lower temperatures!
The topic is going to be further debated in the sequel of this
newsletter. On that occasion a detailed presentation about electrons
degenerate matter is going to be made too.
The sixth section presents a very interesting article: Can
a star go supernova twice?
Imagine that with latest technology, there was a
chance to find and follow up the most luminous supernova ever discovered! In
itself, it was already complicated to explain how this supernova was so
bright …. but the surprise came a few months later when the supernova came
The last section is not about science but it of
paramount importance because it unfold a bit the plan for this new theory
implementation and about future. Quite the entire section is added bellow...
In a future newsletter I am going to
open a discussion about the values of democracy we have being promoting and
The case of an ancient philosopher Socrates is
going to be revisited with this occasion too.
Probably someone is going to say that such things
happened long time ago and they are not relevant for the modern time because
in the meantime we have "evolved” and the same things are not possible any
How wrong it is to imagine such things.!..
In the modern democracy, the methods of control
and punishment have become so sophisticated that a dictator would really
Fighting against a tyranny one dissident can
become a hero, but in the modern democracy for the same act of courage one
can become only a number in an official statistic. For a dissident in a
democracy the probability to have a "fatal” accident is greater than the
probability of being killed by a tyrant in a despotic society......
Of course no one is going to deny that any
society needs a structure of power and some forms of coercition for those
individuals inflicting the laws.
The problem is democracy and especially modern
democracy transformed into a tyranny of the mediocre and you have to guess
the fate of the outstanding individuals … in modern times....
I think it would be necessary to write an entire book with all the menaces
and threats I received in more than 20 years I have been working on this theory...
Not only individuals but top world institutions have been taking part in
these kinds of practices and no one bothered to do
It is worth reminding us of at least two cases I have
freshly in mind....
In a letter received a few years ago, the
chancellor of UCLA, menaced me with a trial and quite severe punishment:
imprisonment and a fine up to 2 millions US $. The reason: well, I have been
sending to the UCLA scientists a newsletter about science and this was
considered a criminal act...
By sure they were willing to go further with
their intentions, but my answer was like a cold shower and the conflict
remained at this stage and did not escalate.
I wrote to the chancellor that in the worse case
I lose, the process in itself is going to make me free advertisement and by
sure the public is going to become aware of the situation.
This does not mean they and other similar
institutions renounced to take hidden actions against me...
An entire league of top universities and research
institutions around the world made a coalition against me and as far as money
was not a problem for them, various activities of sabotage were taken
against me. Of course anyone knows how things are working in a democracy: no
one in the top hierarchy gets his hands dirty and some intermediates are
found to do such jobs....
It is difficult and maybe impossible to
demonstrate how many such acts of sabotage and hacking have been indirectly
supported by top scientists or top institutions…
But I have harvested all the banned or bounced
emails and these are going to be used to make them pay when the license for
using my theory is acquired.
Unfortunately for them I have survived and for
the moment all these kind of actions have already an downward trend.
In the same time it is important to mention that
last month, for the first time in more than two decades, a foundation
donated to me about 440 Euro.
In my present life, the most reasonable man I
have met was a cannabis cultivar. Probably, I would have accepted his
support and made history with him, but there was a catch: he was reasonable
only when his blood was uncontaminated by THC.
Maybe by chance I am going to have anther
occasion to find some more appropriate reasonable person or people! Maybe by
chance I am going to have anther occasion to find some renegades of society
who want to make history!
It is curious to see that in more than two decades no university or research
centre in the entire world offered me a simple job and now each of them
without my theory are out of the market...
As example, this newsletter was written during my
commuting time or in the time I made available by skipping my meals. I
forgot to mention that modern society considered appropriate to do an
unqualified and of course low paid job for a living.
The technical frame
for the transition to a new way of doing science is ready and is waiting for
candidates (institutions and nations).
Of course in the first line only institutions
which did not ban my advertisements are accepted.
Any private institution which wants to apply for
a license has to agree for a decade of controlled research and in this
period they have to do only some applicative research and learn the new
theory of science.
Any public institution has to wait until the
license conditions are approved by the government and after that they enter
in the same framework as a private institution.
Further on, for each nation, for a half decade
the entire process of education is going to be frozen and in this period new
manuals for schools and universities are to be provided. New teachers have
to be prepared for teaching the new theory ….
These preliminary conditions are valid for those
who start the negotiations before the end of this year i.e. 2019.
By passing in 2020 or another successive year,
other supplementary conditions have to be fulfilled.
Each subsequent passing year without implementing
this plan means an extension with two years for the controlled research
period and for the frozen interval for the education process. For example,
if one institution or nation starts the negotiations in 2020, the controlled
research period is going to be twelve years and the frozen period for
education process is going to be seven years.
By sure, in this time interval, a lot of people
are going to start the search for the liable and guilty people …..
What does controlled research mean?
Well for the first year it means no research at
all and most of the money allocated for research are going to be used for
the license acquiring.
Starting with the second year, controlled
research means that any research grant has to be approved by me or one of my
representatives and on the other hand the lion share (at least 55% of money
and intellectual rights) of the project is going to be mine.
There is no place for cheating because if a
nation diminish the percentage of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) allocated
to research, the price for the school manuals is going to be increased in
order to recover the gap.
The price of license is going to be proportional
to the money an institution or a nation have spent in research in general
and especially in imbecile researches in the last decades.
If one institution has allowed billions of $ or
£, €, ¥, etc., to be poured down the drain in the past, you have to expect a
commensurate price for acquiring the license.
Of course we live in a free market economy and it
is not compulsory to switch to the new theory of science. Anyone is free to
stick to the present and continue doing what they are doing ….
At individual level there are other requirements
for those who are going to work in research but these are going to be
discussed after the official institutions acquire the licence.
There is no bypass nor exception from this plan
and one has to accept that some of the top rated universities in the world
are going to close the doors or remain to teach foreign languages,
literature and philosophy.
If you are a young researcher, it is in your
interest to lobby for adopting the new proposed theory as soon as possible.
Until now at least twenty generations of pupils
and students were condemned to learn some imbecilities without any value for
Is there a need that other few generations of
youngsters to be condemned and get a deformed scientific formation until
some imbeciles get retired?
In this way, by individual action of each person,
you are going to diminish the cost of the entire process of acquiring a
license and shorten the transition toward the future.
Do you think your nation has money to spend on
imbecilities and no one is going to be made liable?
The adaptation to change is a first
prerequisite for survival....and if actual universities or research centres
should keep a simple objective in mind: how to survive.....
There is a bit of correspondence
made available for the public, because this is the better way for securing