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Galactic Rotation
Globular Clusters
Religious Big Bang
Quasar in Front
The Fingers of God
Redshift Review
Redshift Rosetta Stone
Relativity & Einstein Tragedy
Dent in Space-Time Fabric?
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The Nature of Force Fields
Stars: Nuclear or Electric?
Big Bang "Science"
Wings of a Butterfly
The Bug Nebula
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Dark Matter
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Deep Impact Anniversary
Electric Lights of  Saturn
EU Discharges & Scars
Gamma Ray Bursters
Olber's Paradox
Impossible Cosmology
Local Group Galaxies
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The Ornament Nebula
Plasma 99-9%
The Pleiades Problem
Arp's Quasar Ejection
Nature of Ring Nebula
Seeing Red Review
Solar Capture
Tornadoes in Space I
Tornadoes in Space II
Star Fairy Ring
Ring of Stars
Stars: Nuclear or Electric?
Search of Two Numbers
Cosmologists: Wrong or Blind?
Vampire Astronomy
Velikovsky, Heat of Venus

Credit: CU-Boulder, NASA/JPL, Central Arizona College, USC

Electric Lights on Saturn

The discovery of electric currents everywhere in space makes the meteorological vocabulary of astrophysicists obsolete.

This false-color image of Saturn in ultraviolet light shows the complete circle of an aurora around Saturn’s south pole and part of the aurora around its north pole. From almost the beginning of the space age, plasma physicists have known that electric currents flow from regions high above Earth’s equator to the auroral regions around the magnetic poles and that these circuits power the auroras. Presumably, Saturn’s auroras are lit by similar circuitry.

But conventional astrophysicists persist in describing auroras with meteorological metaphors: “hydrogen gas excited by electron bombardment” that responds to “changes in the solar wind.” The inertia of prior belief in the dogma that “you can’t get charge separation in space” obscures their perception that the charged particles they measure are in fact separated and that the movement of those charged particles in fact constitutes an electric current. From the measurements of charged-particle movements in Earth’s plasma sheath, plasma physicists have mapped the complex electrical circuits that not only power the auroras but also generate magnetic storms, constitute the so-called radiation belts, likely produce Earth’s magnetic field, and may drive the weather.

Similar circuits but at a larger scale and with more power likely flow in Saturn’s plasma sheath. They would be responsible for Saturn’s auroras as well as its polar hot spots, its storms, its lightning, the occasional spokes on its ring system, and probably its high-speed and banded wind system. With electric currents flowing everywhere our spacecraft have gone, we must look to plasma physicists and electrical engineers for explanations that fit the facts.

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