IF I SEEK US
Advice on Intoxication
The Gospel of Thomas is an unorganized collection Jesus' of sayings.
INTRODUCTION TO GOSPEL OF THOMAS
The Gospel of Thomas is just as authentic as the Gospel of John in that most, if not all, of the verses were originally written by one of the disciples and, as such, is an eye and ear witness account to most of what Jesus said during his public ministry. It is the counterpoint to the Gospel of John and the other Gospels in that there is no narrative; Thomas has only collected the wisdom sayings, or loggia of Jesus that almost exclusively relate or give clues to entering the Kingship of the Heavens.
A consensus is emerging in American scholarship that the Gospel of Thomas is a text independent of the synoptics and that it was compiled in the mid to late first century. [[J.H. Sieber maintains the position that "there is very little redactional evidence, if any, for holding that our Synoptic Gospels were the sources of Thomas' synoptic sayings. In the great majority of sayings there is no such evidence at all....As of the date of this article (1988) almost all those who are currently at work on Thomas have come to hold that it represents an independent tradition" ("The Gospel of Thomas and the New Testament," in Gospel Origins and Christian Beginnings [ed. J. Goehring et al.; Sonoma, CA: Polebridge, 1990] 69, 70). C. Hedrick concludes: "I am personally convinced that our present Coptic version of the Gospel of Thomas was not derived from the synoptic Gospels. The evidence, in my opinion, leads inevitably to that conclusion" ("Thomas and the Synoptics: Aiming at a Consensus," SecCent 7/1 [1989-90] 56); cf. also R. Cameron's arguments for Thomas's independence in Forum 2/2  3-39). For a recent review of the discussion of Thomas's independence and an extensive argument supporting Thomas's independence, See: S. Patterson, "The Gospel of Thomas Within the Development of Early Christianity" (diss., Claremont, 1988). He concludes that "Thomas is not linked to the synoptic gospels in any generative sort of way. The material used by Thomas' author/editor did not come from the canonical gospels, nor was its overall plan conceived along lines similar to those which governed the formation of all four of the canonical gospels. In this sense the Gospel of Thomas is to be considered autonomous: it is to be understood in terms of its own reception and treatment of the Jesus tradition, and the inner logic by which it appropriates traditional material" (p. 147). - Stevan L. Davies, "The Christology and Protology of the Gospel of Thomas", Journal of Biblical Literature Volume 111, Number 4, Winter 1992
Before we go any further, let's ask some-important question to keep in mind:
Although the text that we have today in English suffers from imperfect translation from Aramaic to Greek to English, and there are some fragments missing, some of these verses or loggia in the Gospel of Thomas are clear and self-evident. Others can only be properly understood by knowing the culture of the time and the communication techniques and literary devices and the ancient roots for some of these loggia that go back into the ancient scriptures. Most important to understanding is the paradigm of the Father and the Kingship presented by Jesus.
Many verses in this important Gospel sound opaque or enigmatic unless:
Again, the Gospel of Thomas is qualitatively superior to the Synoptic Gospels for most of the same reasons as the Gospel of John is superior. Finally, the Gospel of Thomas is free of anything that supports the suspect Christian traditions, which include the Hebrew Bible, the Hebrew prophets, the Messiahship, the rites and sacraments, misguided praying and fasting, the liturgy, the formalized leadership structure, any prophetic chronology of the future with a misidentified "apocalypse", hierarchies of angels, demons, and devils, the materialist "Heaven", ad nauseam.
It is evident that this Gospel writer did not want to foster or contribute to any of this. Thomas was the one disciple that understood the most, and yet he either did not understand that coming into unity is the way to resolving the human condition, or he tried to do this with his fellow disciples and failed. Inherent in his refusal to believe, when told, that Jesus had been resurrected is his low opinion and distrust of the other disciples.
Regardless, while John went off to Egypt, he went off to Ceylon, where a movement got started that is probably misidentified as "Christian". Maybe he went in disgust, seeking some people in a different culture that were not so saturated with the false Hebrew paradigm essentially adopted by Christendom.
There are a few obvious reasons why Thomas and John may not have warmed up to each other. John probably didn't have a sterling pedigree for education, polish or intellect, while Thomas had a better one. It evidently took John a long time to work his way out of the Israelite paradigm and thinking, and Thomas may have been well ahead of him in this regard. John had a brother, James, who remained a staunch member of the early Christians, while he and Thomas were coming out of this mindset. Thomas did not share their low middle class occupation of being fishermen, and it may have been very hard for him not to feel superior.
The bottom line is that the only two disciples—John and Thomas—that seem to have understood Jesus' life and message the most, failed to stay together and failed to come into effective unity and become spiritual brothers. They certainly failed to collaborate in order to inaugurate the Kingship of the Heavens for the wider world.
GOSPEL OF THOMAS
Preface: These are the secret sayings which the living Jesus spoke and which Didymos Judas Thomas wrote down.
Commentary: The phrase "the living Jesus" is an obvious reference to the resurrected Jesus, the resurrection being a fact that Thomas KNEW. Didymos is Greek for "the twin," Judas means "Praise God," and Thomas is Aramaic for "the twin." Thus we have: "The twin, praise God, the twin." This word-play phrase starts off the Gospel of Thomas dealing with the ultimate issues by implying Thomas' peership with Jesus as a son of God. The Greek to Aramaic shift can be seen to imply that Thomas had rebuilt his psyche or self-identity to be the true one, that based on internal spiritual realities.
1. And he said, 'Whoever finds the interpretation of these sayings will not experience death." See: Thomas 18,19,59,111, Jn 3:15, 4:14,35-37, 5:24,39,40, 6:27,40, 6:47-51,58, 8:51-53, 10:10,27,28, 11:25,26, 17:2,3, Lk 9:27
Commentary: Jesus challenged his followers to understand his parables,
understand God, and understand themselves. His parables and sayings were
given to help out in this process for the person "rooted in self," with the
implication that the "Kingship of the heavens" (empowerment of Godhood) was
to be entered into in this way. This very first verse in Thomas' Gospel
affirms the bottom-line message so carefully averred in the Gospel of John,
that understanding the Truth will literally equate with not finishing the
aging and dying process but will culminate in empowered life without end as
a Son of God.
2. Jesus said, "Let him who seeks continue seeking until he finds. When he finds, he will become troubled. When he becomes troubled, he will be astonished, and he will rule over the all." See: Mt 7:7-12, Lk 11:9-13
Commentary: Most people are not seeking the truth; some do not think it can be found, and others think they have the truth already, but they do not have anything worthwhile. When we begin to understand, we question our sanity, we may be ostracized, we become isolated and marginalized, we are considered to be dangerous—indeed we become troubled. When we come to the full realization of what kind of response God needs from us and what He is offering to us, we will be astounded and then enter into empowerment, “ruling” or having an equal say in all things and cooperating over in the creation of all things.
3. Jesus said, "If those who lead you say to you, 'See, the kingship is in the sky,' then the birds of the sky will precede you. If they say to you, "It is in the sea,' then the fish will precede you. Rather, the kingship is inside of you, and it is outside of you. When you come to know yourselves, then you will become known, and you will realize that it is you who are the sons of the living father. But if you will not know yourselves, you dwell in poverty and it is you who are that poverty." See: Thomas 51,113, Lk 17:20,21
Commentary: Since Jesus is talking about the kingship of the heavens or all reality, the empowerment of Godhood, this is his way of saying that it does not have a physical location. If we do not come to know and embrace our own needs and desires, and believe ourselves to be equals or peers of God in value, worth and potential, then we will just continue to dwell in this hostile environment, this state of paucity that we find ourselves already in.
4. Jesus said, "The man old in days will not hesitate to ask a small child seven days old about the place of life, and he will live. For many who are first will become last, and they will become one and the same." See: Lk 13:30
Commentary: The “small child seven days old” would seem to be a person recently come into the Kingship of the heavens.
5. Jesus said, "Recognize what is in your sight, and that which is hidden from you will become plain to you. For there is nothing hidden which will not become manifest." See: Mt 10:26, Mk 4:22, Lk 8:17, 12:2
Commentary: Recognize the “real” or major issues, and deal with the major issues in the light of your own needs and desires common to the human race. If we do not recognize and identify the real issues, the truth is meaningless even if we hear it.
6. His disciples questioned him and said to him, "Do you want us to fast? How shall we pray? Shall we give alms? What diet shall we observe?" Jesus said, "Do not tell lies <be dishonest>, and do not do what you hate <despise>, for all things are plain in the sight of heaven. For nothing hidden will not become manifest, and nothing covered will remain without being uncovered." See: Thomas 6,14,27,104, Mt 6:1-18
Commentary: Jesus’ answer to these questions is for them to “get real.” God does not desire us to jump through these hoops of fasting and praying, and doing things that are burdensome to us.
7. Jesus said, "Blessed is the lion which becomes man when consumed by man: and cursed is the man whom the lion consumes, and the lion becomes man."
Commentary: The lion is Jesus and his truth, and happy is the situation when we internalize this truth and make it humane, and unhappy is the situation when we let the existing paradigm devour us and we try to make it into something humane. Making the latter humane is impossible.
8. And he said, "The man<truly human> is like a wise fisherman who cast his net into the sea and drew it up from the sea full of small fish. Among them the wise fisherman found a fine large fish. He threw all the small fish back into the sea and chose the large fish without difficulty. Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear." See: Jn 21:1-14, Mt 13:47-52, Lk 5:1-11
Commentary: The fish are our concepts of God, truth and reality, and our dreams of what experiential reality should and can be like. The big dream or vision is the healing and restoration of everyone, the re-enchantment of all reality to its original intent.
9. Jesus said, "Now the sower went out, took a handful of seeds, and scattered them. Some fell on the road; the birds came and gathered them up. Others fell on rock, did not take root in the soil, and did not produce ears. Others fell on thorns; they choked the seeds, and worms ate them. And others fell on the good soil and it produced good fruit; it bore sixty per measure and a hundred and twenty per measure." See: Mt 13:1-9,18-23, Mk 4:1-9,13-20, Lk 8:4-8,11-15
Commentary: The explanation of this parable in Matthew makes it clear that the “good soil” is the person rooted in self, who both hears and understands.
10. Jesus said, "I have cast fire upon the world, and see, I am guarding it until it blazes." See: Mt 3:11, 13:36-43, Lk 12:49
Commentary: The fire cast upon the world is a corrected concept and vision of God and our future as peers and co-creators that is such a magnificent vision that it enraptures anyone being lit by it.
11. Jesus said, "This heaven will pass away, and the one above it will pass away. The dead are not alive, and the living will not die. In the days when you consumed what is dead, you made it what is alive. When you come to dwell in the light, what will you do? On the day when you were one you become two. But when you become two, what will you do?" See: Mt 18:18,19, 24:32-35, Mk 13:28-31, Lk 21:29-33
Commentary: The sky and the stars and galaxies are our physical living
structure, and as such they can be changed or remodeled to suit our taste
and desires, but the eternal purpose and values of God are such that no sane
person would want to change them. When we now eat food, we change it into
part of our living body. Jesus is contrasting this somewhat miraculous
aspect of our current lives with the now unimaginable empowerment available
to us when we have understood the truth and “dwell in the light.”
12. The disciple said to Jesus, "We know that you will depart from us. Who is to be our leader?" Jesus said to them, "Wherever you are, you are to go to James the righteous, for whose sake heaven and earth came into being."
Commentary: In the term “James the righteous” the James is generic and righteous means reasonable, so this should be understood to mean the enlightened, reasonable man.
13. Jesus said to his disciples, "Compare me to someone and tell me whom I am like."
Simon Peter said to him, "You are like a righteous angel."
Commentary: Note that Jesus said, "I am not your master.” The other things that Jesus told Thomas would have been considered heretical or blasphemous as well, but Jesus essentially answers their question in the next few verses.
14. Jesus said to them, "If you fast, you will give rise to sin for yourselves; and if you pray, you will be condemned; and if you give alms, you will do harm to your spirits. When you go into any land and walk about in the districts, if they receive you, eat what they will set before you, and heal the sick among them. For what goes into your mouth will not defile you, but that which issues from your mouth—it is that which will defile you." See: Thomas 6,27,104, Mt 6:1-18, 15:10-20, Mk 7:14-23, Lk 10:8,9
Commentary: This is the first answer to the disciples question directed at Thomas, for which they would have vehemently disagreed had Thomas been the one to tell them. This answer coming from Jesus they could then mystify and disregard, based on their paradigm of the transcendental God (Who can know thy ways?)
15. Jesus said, "When you see one who was not born of woman, prostrate yourselves on your faces and worship him. That one is your father <authority figure>." See: Mt 23:1-12, Mk 12:38-40, Lk 20:45-47
Commentary: When we get in touch with the internal reference point of idealism, our attitude toward God is reborn and we get out from under the oppressive idea that God is the superior controller, owner and lawgiver; then we can become truly human and mature into godhood and enter the state of empowerment, join the unfallen citizens of the universe.
16. Jesus said, "Men think, perhaps, that it is peace which I have come to cast upon the world. They do not know that it is dissension which I have come to cast upon the earth; fire, sword, and war. For there will be five in a house; three will be against two, and two against three, the father against the son, and the son against the father. And they will stand solitary <as one, integrated and united>." See: Mt 10:34-39, Lk 12:49-59
Commentary: Jesus knew the power of the Satan, the old paradigm, which has gripped the human race. He is telling those disciples that break its hold that they can expect to be marginalized, isolated, and persecuted—even by their families, but that the way to success is unity of the believers.
17. Jesus said, "I shall give you what no eye has seen and what no ear has heard and what no hand has touched and what has never occurred to the human mind."
Commentary: This, of course, is imminent immortality, safety, empowerment and equality—things for which we may feel we are undeserving and unworthy. If Thomas had given the answer that Jesus was hereby implying, they would surely have rejected him as insane or demon-possessed.
18. The disciples said to Jesus, "Tell us how our end will be." Jesus said, "Have you discovered, then, the beginning, that you look for the end? For where the beginning is, there will the end be. Blessed is he who will take his place in the beginning; he will know the end and will not experience death." See: Thomas 1,19,59,111
Commentary: There are three great questions that need answering in a different way in a different paradigm, and they are: 1) How did the human race get into this mess? 2) Why is God not more involved? 3) How do we get out of this mess? Judeo-Christianity bails out when it comes to the origin of evil by referring to the “mystery of iniquity.” If we do not understand the origin of evil in the universe, we can never understand its removal, which is now in our hands! In other words if we cannot understand the problem, we cannot understand the solution. To take our “place in the beginning” is to understand God’s intention of equality and our original situation where death was not part of the human experience.
19. Jesus said, "Blessed is he who came into being before he came into being. If you become my disciples and listen to my words, these stones will minister to you. For there are five trees for you in Paradise which remain undisturbed summer and winter and whose leaves do not fall. Whoever becomes acquainted with them will not experience death." See: Thomas 1,18,59,111, Mt 25:1-10
Commentary: “He who came into being before he came into being” of course is Jesus who was reincarnated as a human being on this earth. The stones are probably pieces of truth, those mentioned by Thomas as being used to stone him. Trees are some of the most elegant, beautiful and valuable things on earth. The five trees probably refer to the five scars that Jesus incurred during his crucifixion while still alive. These will be considered to be the most remarkable, significant and beautiful features in the entire universe for all time.
20. The disciples said to Jesus, "Tell us what the kingship of heaven is like." He said to them, "It is like a mustard seed. It is the smallest of all seeds. But when it falls on tilled soil, it produces a great plant and becomes a shelter for birds of the sky." See: Mt 13:31,32, Mk 4:30-32, Lk 13:18,19
Commentary: In understanding this verse we should focus on the “tilled soil.” We don’t have anything to do with the seed but everything to do with the “tilled soil.” What can “tilled soil” be but a mind that has the hard, unproductive old paradigm or belief system plowed or broken up and is receptive to something really much better?
21. Mary said to Jesus, "Whom are your disciples like?"
Commentary: These three analogies deal with the tension we first experience between the mundane world we live in, and the new vision or dream of the kingship that we seek. Undressing refers to divesting ourselves of mundane status and no longer caring about it. We are the owners of the house, and our goods are the new vision and goal, which we will be tempted to let the world steal from us. The wise man is the one moving forward and reaping the kingship.
22. Jesus saw infants being suckled. He said to his
disciples, "These infants being suckled are like those who enter the
kingship." They said to him, "Shall we then, as children, enter the
Commentary: Jesus came to give us a total healing message, not just some
practical, scientific or psychological wisdom to help us cope with this
world gone awry. His subject was always spiritually oriented and total
salvation was his offering. In the above verse he gave quite a specific
answer when taken spiritually. Making the outside like the inside is
bringing our communicable belief system into harmony with our internal
reference point of idealism, believing the very best for ourselves. Jesus
came to minister to our maleness, our external belief system as compared to
our femaleness, our internal reference point. When we refashion our belief
system to have binocular vision, piece by piece, then we are prepared to
enter spiritual adulthood and empowerment.
23. Jesus said, "I shall choose you, one out of a thousand, and two out of ten thousand, and they shall stand as a single one <united>." See: Jn 17:11-26, Mt 22:1-14
Commentary: The selection process is one of collection of those who are self-ordained; it is not pre-ordained by God. Notice another emphasis on unity. This verse describes the beginning of the end of evil and darkness.
24. His disciples said to him, "Show us the place where you are, since it is necessary for us to seek it." He said to them, "Whoever has ears, let him hear. There is light within a man of light, and he lights up the whole world. If he does not shine, he is darkness." See: Jn 8:12-20, 13:36-38, 14:1-14, Mt 6:22,23, Mk 4:21-25, Lk 8:16-18, 11:33-36
Commentary: "The place where you are" obviously refers to the spiritual place, and Jesus then talks about the "light" that lights up the whole world. Can this be anything other than reason and intellectual responsibility?
Commentary: When we find someone who is waking up, coming out of spiritual darkness, it is most emphatically in our own self interest to cherish, cultivate and protect the process of coming into unity with that person.
26. Jesus said, "You see the mote in your brother's eye, but you do not see the beam in your own eye. When you cast the beam out of your own eye, then you will see clearly to cast the mote out of your brother's eye." See: Mt 7:3-5, Lk 6:39-42
Commentary: Once we wake up and start seeing, it is greatly to our advantage to help each other clear out the deadwood of the old paradigm and belief structure. We actually need each other to do the reality checks of building a new belief system.
27. Jesus said, "If you do not fast as regards the world, you will not find the kingship. If you not observe the Sabbath as a Sabbath <Holiday>, you will not see the father." See: Thomas 6,14,104, Mt 12:1-14, Mk 2:23-28, Mk 3:1-6, Lk 6:1-11, 13:10-17, 14:1-6
Commentary: This is another way of saying that when we catch the big vision of the big win, the lesser dreams of this world will be sloughed off. Any observance of any “holy” day has no significance to God, whatsoever. Specifically, if we do not drop all concepts of obligatory observance of the Sabbath, we are not there yet in our understanding.
28. Jesus said, "I took my place in the midst of the world, and I appeared to them in flesh. I found all of them intoxicated; I found none of them thirsty. And my soul <psyche or life> became afflicted for the sons of men, because they are blind in their hearts and do not have sight; for empty they came into the world, and empty too they seek to leave the world. But for the moment they are intoxicated. When they shake off their wine, then they will repent." See: Jn 9:35-41, 12:37-43, Mt 13:10-17, Mk 4:10-12, Lk 8:9,10
Commentary: Men are spiritually intoxicated with nonsensical concepts and beliefs that were developed by ancient man building mythology in a state of psychological trauma from the great catastrophes. The old paradigm of god as being transcendent and superior to human, being the law giver and catastrophic punisher, absolutely precludes the restoration that Jesus came to inaugurate. Equally debilitating are mystical ideas that have no foundation and blur the distinction between physical and spiritual reality. How can it be so hard for us to let go of irrational, illogical, and unreasonable beliefs?
29. Jesus said, "If the flesh came into being because of spirit, it is a wonder. But if spirit came into being because of the body, it is a wonder of wonders. Indeed, I am amazed at how this great wealth has made its home in this poverty." See: Jn 3:1-15
Commentary: The creation of a new human spirit being may be the greatest wonder, and the great wealth is our potential to grow and become equal to the creator. Of course, the great poverty is our lack of this vision.
30. Jesus said, "Where there are three gods, they are gods. Where there are two or one, I am with him." See: Jn 10:33-36, Mt 18:18-20
Commentary: A clue to empowerment and how it works?
31. Jesus said, "No prophet is accepted in his own village; no physician heals those who know him." See: Mt 13:53-58, Mk 6:1-6, Lk 4:16-20
Commentary: This is a time-tested truism, and unfortunately those that have the next level of truth for the world are still marginalized, shunned or persecuted.
32. Jesus said, "A city built on a high mountain and fortified cannot fall, nor can it be hidden." See: Mt 5:13-16
Commentary: An admonition to take the high ground and fortify ourselves with the truth?
33. Jesus said, "Preach from your housetops that which you will hear in your ear. For no one lights a lamp and puts it under a bushel, nor does he put it in a hidden place, but rather he sets on a lampstand so that everyone who enters and leaves will see its light." See: Mt 5:13-16, 10:24-33, Mk 4:21-25, Lk 8:16-18, 11:33
Commentary: How important it is for us to know what we are talking about before we attempt to lead. Unfortunately the world is filled with effective false shepherds with the utmost sincerity, enthusiasm and zeal, and the successful preachers and evangelists know how to manipulate people with style and fervor.
35. Jesus said, "It is not possible for anyone to enter the house of a strong man and take it by force unless he <first> binds his hands; then he will (be able to) ransack his house." See: Mt 12:29, 24:36-44, Mk 3:27, 13:32-37, Lk 11:21,22, Lk 12:35-40, 17:26-37
36. Jesus said, "Do not be concerned from morning until evening and from evening until morning about what you will wear." See: Mt 6:25-34, Lk 12:22-34
Commentary: Clothes are clearly symbols of pretense, of artificial righteousness.
37. His disciples said, "When will you become revealed to us and when shall we see <understand> you?" Jesus said, "When you disrobe without being ashamed and take up your garments and place them under your feet like little children and tread on them, then [will you see] the son of the living one, and you will not be afraid." See: Jn 14:1-14, 16:16-33, 17:3
Commentary: When we stop our posturing, drop our facade, spurn our pretenses and understand that we are intrinsically self-worthy and qualified, then we are spiritually mature and can enter the state of unity and empowerment.
38. Jesus said, "Many times have you desired to hear these words which I am saying to you, and you have no one else to hear them from. There will be days when you will look for me and will not find me." See: Jn 7:34, 16:16-33, Lk 17:22-25
Commentary: When we take the inward journey, get honest and get in touch with what we really want and really need, we will find the message of Jesus to be coherent with our genuine selves. Yet, at that time, there was no other external source for the truths that Jesus was presenting. The last sentence is a reference to his going to the grave and to his going away after his resurrection.
39. Jesus said, "The Pharisees and the scribes <theologians and lawyers> have taken the keys of knowledge (gnosis) and hidden them. They themselves have not entered, nor have they allowed to enter those who wish to. You, however, be as wise as serpents and as innocent as doves." See: Mt 23:13-15, Lk 11:52
Commentary: The role of formal religions has been to obscure the truth and make it all but impossible to find the internal reference point and to believe that God is truly a human being with human purpose and values, and that he is offering a full measure of equality in all respects.
40. Jesus said, "A grapevine has been planted outside of the father, but being unsound, it will be pulled up by its roots and destroyed." See: Jn 15:1-17, Mt 15:12-14
Commentary: A reference to fundamentally false ideas and false religion being ultimately destroyed.
41. Jesus said, "Whoever has something in his hand will receive more, and whoever has nothing will be deprived of even the little he has." See: Mt 13:10-17, 25:14-30, Mk 4:21-25, Lk 8:16-18, 19:26
Commentary: The “something” is the desire for truth, and whoever has this will be given more truth, but whoever is not desiring and seeking more truth will lose the efficacy of whatever truth he has, and will just die in his sins.
42. Jesus said, "Become passers-by<pilgrims>."
Commentary: The reward of imminent fulfillment, immortality, security, empowerment, equality, unity and surprise far exceeds any success or fulfillment that can be gotten in the world, and it is permanent. Focus on success in this world is not reasonable. True seekers are just passing through.
43. His disciples said to him, "Who are you, that you should say these things to us?" Jesus said to them, "You do not realize who I am from what I say to you, but you have become like the Jews, for they either love the tree and hate its fruit or love the fruit and hate the tree."
Commentary: Being spiritually blind and mind-heart hardened, most of Jesus disciples misunderstood his message and mission, and missed the significance and the great redemption that Jesus came to inaugurate. They became spiritually schizophrenic and unable to enter the kingship of the heavens.
44. Jesus said, "Whoever blasphemes against the father will be forgiven, and whoever blasphemes against the son will be forgiven, but whoever blasphemes against the holy spirit <the God attitude or spirit of loving the truth> will not be forgiven either on earth or in heaven." See: Jn 10:31-39, Mt 12:30-32, Mk 3:28-30, Lk 12:8-12
Commentary: Ignoring the truth is the thing that cannot be helped. Doing so inaugurates the judgment of just dying in sin.
45. Jesus said, "Grapes are not harvested from thorns, nor are figs gathered from thistles, for they do not produce fruit. A good man brings good from his storehouse; an evil man brings forth evil things from his evil storehouse, which is in his heart, and says evil things. For out of the abundance of the heart he brings forth evil things." See: Mt 7:15-20, 12:33-37, Lk 6:43-45
Commentary: The evil things are clearly evil concepts that “miss the mark” and are spread by communication from those that do not understand the truth about god. Of course, the primary disseminators of falsity are the formal theologians, preachers and evangelists.
46. Jesus said, "Among those born of women, from Adam until John the baptist, there is no one so superior to John the baptist that his eyes should be not lowered before him. Yet I have said, whichever one of you comes to be a child will be acquainted with the kingship and will become superior to John." See: Mt 11:11-14, Lk 7:28
Commentary: John the Baptist clearly understood something was wrong and railed against the current situation, but he did not understand the truth. Becoming a child is to sweep away the wrong concepts and to start all over to replace them by learning from Jesus. Anyone who does this would be vastly superior to John, because even though he introduced Jesus as the son of God, he was so full of wrong concepts that after watching and listening to Jesus for a while, he had his doubts and sent some of his disciples to ask Jesus directly if he was the one.
47. Jesus said, "It is impossible for a man to mount two horses or to stretch two bows. And it is impossible for a servant to serve two masters; otherwise, he will honor the one and treat the other contemptuously. No man drinks old wine and immediately desires to drink new wine. And new wine is not put into old wineskins, lest they burst; nor is old wine put into a new wineskin, lest it spoil it. An old patch is not sewn onto a new garment, because a tear would result." See: Mt 6:24, 9:14-17, Mk 2:18-22, Lk 5:33-39, 16:10-13
Commentary: Jesus is here talking about operating in the two paradigms. The old paradigm of god as ruler, overlord and lawgiver, cannot be made compatible with the humble, gracious human Jesus who offers equality to us as sons of god.
48. Jesus said, "If two make peace with each other in this one house, they will say to the mountain, 'Move away,' and it will move away." See: Thomas 106, Mt 17:20, 18:18-20, 21:20-22, Mk 11:20-26, Lk 17:5,6
Commentary: Making peace in this verse should be construed as coming into unity, something that Jesus asked for in the most profound way in his prayer in John 17. Such unity is the key to the kingship of the heavens and the power of godhood.
49. Jesus said, "Blessed are the solitary <integrated and unified> and elect, for you will find the kingship. For you are from it, and to it you will return." See: Jn 17:11-26, Mt 5:9
Commentary: Another clear statement showing that individual integration and unity is the key to the Kingship of the heavens. The statements taken altogether show that integrity of the individual and unity with other individuals is being called for.
50. Jesus said, "If they say to you, 'Where did you come from?', say to them, 'We came from the light, the place where light came into being on its own accord and established itself and became manifest through their image.' If they say to you, 'Is it you?', say, 'We are its children, and we are the elect of the living father.' If they ask you, 'What is the sign of your father in you?', say to them, 'It is movement and repose.'" See: Jn 12:36, Lk 16:8
Commentary: This is one of the fundamental signs of life and life activity. The "movement" can also be understanding more truth, and the "repose" resting in the conviction that comes from it.
51. His disciples said to him, "When will the repose of the dead come about, and when will the new world come?" He said to them, "What you look forward to has already come, but you do not recognize it." See: Thomas 3,113, Mt 12:28, 16:28, Mk 1:15, 9:1, Lk 9:27, Lk 17:20,21, 21:29-33
Commentary: The old spiritual age or world was ended and the new spiritual age or world was begun by Jesus, but because of the commitment to the “old wine” this was not recognized.
52. His disciples said to him, "Twenty-four prophets spoke in Israel, and all of them spoke in you." He said to them, "You have omitted the one living in your presence and have spoken only of the dead." See: Jn 6:47-51
Commentary: These disciples unwisely were enamored by and concentrated on the OT prophets, those that did not understand god. They did not recognize nor appreciate whom Jesus really was.
53. His disciples said to him, "Is circumcision beneficial or not?" He said to them, "If it were beneficial, their father would beget them already circumcised from their mother. Rather, the true circumcision in spirit has become completely profitable."
Commentary: This should be one of the easiest ancient forms to discard, and even Paul was able to do this.
54. Jesus said, "Blessed are the poor, for yours is the kingship of heavens." See: Mt 5:3, Lk 6:20
Commentary: The original statement was probably closer to, "Blessed are the humble..." The Gospel elevates us to the status of equality with the creator and induces humility at the same time.
55. Jesus said, "Whoever does not hate <set aside> his father and his mother cannot become a disciple. And whoever does not hate <set aside> his brothers and sisters and take <pull> up his cross <tethering stake> in my way will not be worthy of me." See: Mt 10:34-39, Mk 10:28-31, Lk 12:49-53, 14:25-33
Commentary: The father and mother represent the old paradigm and religion, the brothers and sisters represent the relationships within these. The tethering stake represent the hold that these have on us which ties us to the old ways of thinking about god and ourselves.
56. Jesus said, "Whoever has come to understand the world has found (only) a corpse, and whoever has found a corpse is superior to the world." See: Jn 16:33
Commentary: This world of evil and woe is doomed to pass away, and being superior, the best we can do is accelerate the process.
57. Jesus said, "The kingship of the father is like a man who had [good] seed. His enemy came by night and sowed weeds among the good seed. The man did not allow them to pull up the weeds; he said to them, 'I am afraid that you will go intending to pull up the weeds and pull up the wheat along with them.' For on the day of the harvest the weeds will be plainly visible, and they will be pulled up and burned." See: Mt 13:24-30,36-43
Commentary: The weeds are bad doctrines that won’t be sorted out by most people until the resolution and age of judgment.
58. Jesus said, "Blessed is the man who has suffered and found life." See: Mt 5:10
Commentary: A simple statement that pertains to the real issues.
Commentary: Another admonition to pay attention and take advantage of a marvelous opportunity. Unfortunately, there is no evidence that the disciples even asked Jesus very many questions, much less strove to dialogue with him and understand the truth while he was alive.
60. They saw a Samaritan carrying a lamb on his way to
Judea. He said to his disciples, "That man is round about<arms wrapped
around> the lamb."
Commentary: Focus on the cares of this world, and aging and decay will eat us up unless we find and enter the Kingship.
61. Jesus said, "Two will rest on a bed; the one will die,
and the other will live."
Commentary: A parable about unity.
62. Jesus said, "It is to those [who are worthy of my] mysteries that I tell my mysteries. Do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing." See: Mt 13:10-17, Mk 4:11-13, Lk 8:9,10
63. Jesus said, "There was a rich man who had much money. He said, 'I shall put my money to use so that I may sow, reap, plant, and fill my storehouse with produce, with the result that I shall lack nothing.' Such were his intentions, but that same night he died. Let him who has ears hear." See: Lk 12:16-21
Commentary: You may gain almost anything in the world, but the things you cannot gain are immortality, security and the empowerment of godhood.
64. Jesus said, "A man had received visitors. And when he
had prepared the dinner, he sent his servant to invite the guests. He went
to the first one and said to him, 'My master invites you,' He said, 'I have
claims against some merchants. They are coming to me this evening. I must go
and give them my orders. I ask to be excused from the dinner.' He went to
another and said to him, 'My master has invited you. 'He said to him, 'I
have just bought a house and am required for the day. I shall not have any
spare time.' He went to another and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He
said to him, 'My friend is going to get married, and I am to prepare the
banquet. I shall not be able to come. I ask to be excused from the dinner.'
He went to another and said to him, 'My master invites you.' He said to him,
'I have just bought a farm, and I am on my way to collect the rent. I shall
not be able to come. I ask to be excused.'
Commentary: This is a parable about priorities, where Jesus is challenging the making of mundane priorities higher than spiritual or ultimate priorities. Merchants and businessmen in the parable represent those focus on financial success in life instead of seeking the truth. Given that the "kingship of the heavens" is imminently available, we are simply foolish to seek anything else.
65. He said, "There was a good man who owned a vineyard. He leased it to tenant farmers so that they might work it and he might collect the produce from them. He sent his servant so that the tenants might give him the produce of the vineyard. They seized his servant and beat him, all but killing him. The servant went back and told his master. The master said, 'Perhaps he did not recognize them.' He sent another servant. The tenants beat this one as well. Then the owner sent his son and said, 'Perhaps they will show respect to my son.' Because the tenants knew that it was he who was the heir to the vineyard, they seized him and killed him. Let him who has ears hear." See: Mt 21:33-41, Mk 12:1-9, Lk 20:9-16
Commentary: This parable presents an outrageous injustice; one that may be compared to the injustice to ourselves if we don't seek the truth and enter the kingship of the heavens.
66. Jesus said, 'Show me the stone which the builders have rejected. That one is the cornerstone." See: Mt 21:42-44, Mk 12:10,11, Lk 20:17,18
Commentary: Analogous to his own situation, where the religious leaders notonly rejected him, but considered him a mortal threat to their control of the people.
67. Jesus said, "If one who knows the all still feels a personal deficiency, he is completely deficient." See: Thomas 3, Jn 15:15-17
Commentary: How to know that you have it right, when you see yourself as a child of God in line to be saved imminently.
68. Jesus said, "Blessed are you when you are hated and persecuted. Wherever you have been persecuted they will find no place." See: Mt 5:10,11, Lk 6:22,23
Commentary: The truth about God and ourselves and the paradigm given by Jesus are so far or different from what the general religious truth and paradigm are, that is sounds like blasphemy, and certainly threatens the whole religious establishment and ALL its structures. This is still just the way it was when Jesus, doing nothing but talking and performing miracles, so enraged the religious leaders that the 71 august, upright, sober-minded men of the Sanhedrim voted to crucify an innocent man under the logic that it was better to do this than to have the whole organization go down the drain. Effective persecution ALWAYS comes from or with the backing of an organization, whether it be a town, denomination or state.
69. Jesus said, "Blessed are they who have been persecuted within themselves. It is they who have truly come to know the father. Blessed are the hungry, for the belly of him who desires will be filled." See: Mt 5:6,10,11, Lk 6:21
Commentary: This is comforting good news. One of the things that happens to the believer in the Gospel is that of suffering internal regret over how foolish and perverse you have been to have bought into the old paradigm for so long and for all the falsity you accepted and promoted, as well as the misdeeds that were fostered by this thinking over these wasted years.
70. Jesus said, "That which you have will save you if you bring it forth from yourselves. That which you do not have within you will kill you if you do not have it within you." See: Mt 13:10-17, 25:14-30, Mk 4:21-25, Lk 8:16-18, 8:19:26
Commentary: The courage to seek the truth and have the conviction of self-worth?
71. Jesus said, "I shall [destroy this] house, and no one will be able to build it."
Commentary: A cryptic statement that probably referred to the "house" of Israel as a major religious factor.
72. A man said to him, "Tell my brothers to divide my father's possessions with me." He said to him, "O man, who has made me a divider?" He turned to his disciples and said to them, "I am not a divider, am I?" See: Lk 12:13-15
Commentary: Jesus just will NOT accept the role of referee or adjudicator of mundane human affairs. It is literally none of his business to do this in OUR family.
73. Jesus said, "The harvest is great but the laborers are few. Beseech the lord, therefore, to send out laborers to the harvest. See: Jn 4:31-42, Mt 9:35-38, Lk 10:2
Commentary: A lament about the lack of those seeking the truth and "harvesting" or entering the Kingship.
74. He said, "O lord, there are many around the drinking trough, but there is nothing in the cistern."
Commentary: A comment o the lack of "living water" in the cistern of the old religious paradigm.
75. Jesus said, "Many are standing at the door, but it is the solitary <integrated or unified> who will enter the bridal chamber." See: Jn 17:11-26, Mt 5:9
Commentary: A rather straightforward call for individuals to solidify themselves through integration of all the truth..
76. Jesus said, "The kingship of the Father is like a merchant who had a consignment of merchandise and who discovered a pearl. That merchant was shrewd. He sold the merchandise and bought the pearl alone for himself. You too, seek his unfailing and enduring treasure where no moth comes near to devour and no worm destroys." See: Mt 6:19-21,25-34, 13:44-46, Lk 12:22-34
Commentary: The pearl's value is worth selling everything else in order to acquire it.
77. Jesus said, "It is I who am the light which is above them all. It is I who am the all. From me did the all come forth, and unto me did the all extend. Split a piece of wood, and I am there. Lift up the stone, and you will find me there." See: Jn 1:1-5, 1:9-13, 3:19, 8:12, 9:5, 12:35
Commentary: Jesus claims to be the Originator, the original Creator, and his design imprint is upon every good thing..
78. Jesus said, "Why have you come out into the wilderness? To see a reed shaken by the wind? And to see a man clothed in fine garments like your kings and your great men? Upon them are the fine garments, and they are unable to discern the truth." See: Mt 11:7-19, Lk 7:24-35
Commentary: Jesus making it clear that the truth is not associated with worldly status and success.
79. A woman from the crowd said to him, "Blessed are the
womb which bore you and the breasts which nourished you."
Commentary: This is part of his prophecy concerning the soon-coming Israelite rebellion, the destruction of Jerusalem, and the re-occupation of Israel by Rome.
80. Jesus said, "He who has recognized the world has found the body, yett he who has found the body is superior to the world." See: Thomas 56, Jn 16:33
Commentary: Part of the process for accepting the truth is to thoroughly see the world as it is, and how unacceptable it is.
81. Jesus said, "Let him who has grown rich be king, and let him who possesses power renounce it." See: Thomas 110
Commentary: The way to imminent salvation and eternal life is not through becoming a "king" in this world nor having earthly power.
82. Jesus said, "He who is near me is near the fire, and he who is far from me is far from the kingship." See: Thomas 10,16, Mt 3:11, 13:36-43, Mk 9:49, Lk 12:49
Commentary: Jesus again claims that understanding his words and deeds is to be the pathway and the key to the Kinship/
83. Jesus said, "The images are manifest to man, but the light in them remains concealed in the image of the light of the father. He will become manifest, but his image will remain concealed by his light."
Commentary: The paradigm is there for us to see, but the understanding of it "remains concealed". Understanding the nature of The Father is one of the simplest concepts yet the most difficult and troublesome for people still infected with the thinking of this world, especially traditional thinking.
84. Jesus said, "When you see your likeness, you rejoice. But when you see your images which came into being before you, and which neither perish nor become manifest, how much you will have to bear!"
Commentary: When we see ourselves in other people, it is reassuring unless it is our own perverseness. When we see what we were intended to be, and yet has not come into fruition, that will be hard to bear until it DOES become manifest.
85. Jesus said, "Adam came into being from a great power and a great wealth, but he did not become worthy of you. For had he been worthy, [he would] not [have experienced] death." See: Thomas 1, Jn 3:15, 4:14,35-37, 5:24,39,40, 6:27,40, 6:47-51,58, 8:51-53, 10:10,27,28, 11:25,26, 17:2,3, Lk 9:27
Commentary: Adam symbolizes the fall of Man and fallen Man. If our ancestors had not accepted inferiority and let it fester, there would be not evil or death.
86. Jesus said, "[The foxes have their holes] and the birds have [their] nests, but the son of man has no place to lay his head and rest." See: Mt 8:18-22, Lk 9:57-62
Commentary: This should be understood spiritually, as him having no associates that understood and really supported him and his agenda. It was not true literally, because Jesus had resources, had an apartment in Capernaum, and usually had a place to stay wherever he went.
87. Jesus said, "Wretched is the body that is dependent upon a body, and wretched is the soul <psyche or life> that is dependent on these two." See: Mt 8:18-22, Lk 9:57-62
88. Jesus said, "The angels and the prophets will come to you and give to you those things you (already) have. And you too, give them those things which you have, and say to yourselves, "When will they come and take what is theirs?"
Commentary: The truth finding messengers wll come will come to the truth seeker and reawaken the vision that is built into the inner reference point or our idealism, our heart or core.
89. Jesus said, "Why do you wash the outside of the cup? Do you not realize that he who made the inside is the same one who made the outside?" See: Mt 23:25,26, Lk 11:37-41
Commentary: An admonition to do the inner work, to clean out our belief system of unworthy elements.
90. Jesus said, "Come unto me, for my yoke is easy and my lordship is mild, and you will find repose for yourselves." See: Thomas 60, Mt 11:25-30
Commentary: In Matthew it says, “My yoke is pleasant, my burden is light.” The process of entering the kingship is actually enjoyable and reasonable, with no “heavy” thing required. But the burden-bearers say that this is too easy, and they want to strain, suffer, and sacrifice.
91. They said to him, "Tell us who you are so that we may
believe in you."
Commentary: Being filled with the old false concepts of the transcendent-to-human God, they were unable to recognize the most profound messages and exposition of the character of the Creator, even when he came in person and put on a stunning public display. The honest truth seeker is willing to think outside the box in order to integrate everything.
92. Jesus said, "Seek and you will find. Yet, what you asked me about in former times and which I did not tell you then, now I do desire to tell, but you do not inquire after it." See: Jn 16:16-24, Mt 7:7-12, Lk 11:9-13
Commentary: Jesus comments on the apathy of the disciples, their failure to wake up and get their heads into what he is saying and doing. The fact that they asked almost no significant questions is appalling.
93. Jesus said, "Do not give what is holy to dogs, lest they throw them on the dungheap. Do not throw the pearls [to] swine, lest they...it [...]." See: Mt 7:6
Commentary: The admonition to not try to share the Gospel with those that are not looking or those that are not ready.
94. Jesus [said], "He who seeks will find, and [he who knocks] will be let in." See: Mt 7:7-12, Lk 11:9-13
Commentary: If we seek the truth, we are guaranteed to find it. Many find part of the truth, but don't seek it until they understand every aspect of it.
95. Jesus said, "If you have money, do not lend it at interest, but give [it] to one from whom you will not get it back." See: Mt 14:16, Mk 6:37, Lk 6:27-31, 9:13
Commentary: There is no need for money when we are empowered as Jesus was.
96. Jesus said, "The kingship of the father is like [a certain] woman. She took a little leaven, [concealed] it in some dough, and made it into large loaves. Let him who has ears hear." See: Mt 13:33-35, Lk 13:20,21
Commentary: This and the next two verses are “kingship” parables, meaning they are about entering that state of being. Jesus would be the leaven, and in order for that leaven to be effective, we need to make all of our beliefs compatible with what he did and said.
97. Jesus said, "The kingship of the [father] is like a certain woman who was carrying a [jar] full of meal. While she was walking [on the road], still some distance from home, the handle of the jar broke and the meal emptied out behind her [on] the road. She did not realize it; she had noticed no accident. When she reached her house, she set the jar down and found it empty."
Commentary: This one most likely means that if we don’t pay attention to the truth, we will wind up empty and just die in our sins.
98. Jesus said, "The kingship of the father is like a certain man who wanted to kill a powerful man. In his own house he drew his sword and stuck it into the wall in order to find out whether his hand could carry through. Then he slew the powerful man. See: Lk 14:28-31
Commentary: The powerful man in this entering-the-kingship parable is any false belief that would prevent us from understanding the truth.
99. The disciples said to him, "Your brothers and your
mother are standing outside."
Commentary: Unity and spiritual brotherhood are far more important than being genetically related. The will of the father is for us to understand the truth that the creator is fully human and offering full equality to us.
100. They showed Jesus a gold coin and said to him,
"Caesar's men demand taxes from us."
Commentary: In the Synoptic gospel account, a trap was set for Jesus, and this short statement was an effective negation of the snare. What is added here is “give me what is mine”. What is due to Jesus is our attention. Imagine the originator of all things has come with a saving message, ready to die if we don’t listen, and we don’t even bother to pay attention.
101. Jesus said, "Whoever does not hate <set aside> his [father] and his mother as I do cannot become a [disciple] to me. And whoever does [not] love his [father and] his mother as I do cannot become a disciple to me. For my mother...but [my] true [mother] gave me life." See: Thomas 55, Mt 10:34-39, Mk 10:28-31, Lk 12:49-53, Lk 14:25-33
Commentary: Part of this verse is missing, but it is clear that Jesus is using the symbology of father and mother to represent the old religion that should be disregarded and discarded.
102. Jesus said, "Woe to the Pharisees, for they are like a dog sleeping in the manger of oxen, for neither does he eat nor does he [let] the oxen eat." See: Mt 23:13, Lk 11:52
Commentary: Pharisees, representing and promulgating the old paradigm of god, effectively prevent people from listening to and understanding the message of Jesus.
103. Jesus said, "Fortunate is the man who knows where the brigands will enter, so that [he] may get up, muster his domain<forces>, and arm himself before they invade." See: Mt 24:36-44, Lk 12:35-40
Commentary: Ultimately we should be able to intellectually and philosophically defend our beliefs completely so that no one can “reason” us out of our conviction.
104. They said to Jesus, "Come, let us pray today and let us
Commentary: It is far more important to listen to the message of Jesus and seek to understand. Prayer and fasting have little to do with the proper response.
105. Jesus said, "He who knows the father and the mother will be called the son of a harlot." See: Jn 8:41,42
Commentary: In this case we can make the father and mother into the existing thinking and religion.
106. Jesus said, "When you make the two one, you will become the sons of man, and when you say, 'Mountain, move away,' it will move away." See: Thomas 11,22,47,48,61,75,89, Mt 17:20, 18:18-20, Mt 21:20-22, Mk 11:20-26, Lk 17:5,6
Commentary: Another promise of empowerment based on unity.
107. Jesus said, "The kingship is like a shepherd who had a hundred sheep. One of them, the largest, went astray. He left the ninety-nine and looked for that one until he found it. When he had gone to such trouble, he said to the sheep, 'I care for you more than the ninety-nine.'" See: Mt 18:10-14, Lk 15:1-7
Commentary: Leaving the “flock” caught in traditional falsities and wrong concepts is the first step. The ecclesia are those that are called out from the unacceptable condition of the world.
108. Jesus said, "He who will drink from my mouth will become like me. I myself shall become he, and the things that are hidden will be revealed to him." See: Jn 1:1-5, 1:3:19, 4:13,14, 5:24, 5:37,38, 6:35,36, 6:48-51, 6:63, 7:37,38, 8:28, 8:38,43, 10:27,28, 12:47-50, 14:23,24, 16:12-15, 18:27
Commentary: Another admonition by Jesus to listen to him and not ancient “prophets”, tradition or religious authorities and theologians. The words of Jesus will be in our minds and supply what we need to be revealed.
109. Jesus said, "The kingship is like a man who had a [hidden] treasure in his field without knowing it. And [after] he died, he left it to his [son]. The son [did] not know (about the treasure). He inherited the field and sold [it]. And the one who bought it went plowing and [found] the treasure. He began to lend money at interest to whomever he wished." See: Mt 25:24-27
Commentary: The son represents our race that is oblivious to the treasure, and the truth seeker is the one plowing that finds it.
110. Jesus said, "Whoever finds the world and becomes rich, let him renounce the world." See: Thomas 81
Commentary: No matter how successful and rich you become in the world, you will continue to be disempowered and age and die.
111. Jesus said, "The heavens and the earth will be rolled up in your presence. And the one who lives from the living one will not see death." Does not Jesus say, "Whoever finds himself is superior to the world?" See: Thomas 1,19,59, Jn 5:24, 6:33-35, 6:47-51,58, 8:51-53, 10:10, 11:25,26, 17:2,3
Commentary: Another promise of not dying, and a mandate to find and be our true selves.
112. Jesus said, "Woe to the flesh that depends on the soul <psyche>; woe to the soul <psyche> that depends on the flesh."
Commentary: This saying is in keeping with the idea that the body or flesh that depends upon the old psyche or self-identity will die, and that psyche overly reliant upon sensory input or knowledge for the way to real or eternal life will not find it, or the psyche depending on dying flesh will, of course, also perish.
113. His disciples said to him, "When will the kingship
Commentary: A clear statement that we should NOT be waiting for it! It is here to be harvested by following the instructions. The Kingship is available for those that understand the importance of coming into the unity for which Jesus asked. How much clearer can it be? The disciples were locked into their paradigm of the messiah and thus more interested in their status than they were in opening their minds to their wretched plight in the human condition, and understanding that the Father has something better for us, and that imminently!
114. Simon Peter said to them, "Let Mary leave us, for women
are not worthy of life."
Commentary: Some commentators opine that this verse was an emendation. Whether it was or not, when understood in the light of verse 22 it contains a valid and important truth. Ancient symbolism had femaleness representing subtlety, inner, subjectivity, mystery, emotion, obscurity, etc., and maleness representing frankness, outer objectivity, openness, logic and reason, and being obvert.