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Gospel by John
Updated: 06/09/2021

Table of Contents

1-THE LOGOS OF GOD  John 1:1-5
2-SYNOPSIS OF THE BAPTIZER  John 1:6-8
3-SONS OF GOD  John 1:9-13
4-MESSAGE OF THE BAPTIZER  John 1:14-18
5-MISSION OF THE BAPTIZER  John 1:19-23
6-POSITION OF THE BAPTIZER  John 1:24-28
7-WITNESS ABOUT YESHUA   John 1:29-34
8-ANDREW AND PETER  John 1:35-42
9-PHILIP AND NATHANIEL  John 1:43-51
10-WATER TO WINE   John 2:1-12
11-CLEARING THE TEMPLE   John 2:13-25 5
12-NICODEMUS VISITS  John 3:1-15 6
13-THE AUTHOR'S MESSAGE SUMMARY  John 3:16-21 7
14-DISCIPLES BAPTIZING  John 3:22-24 7
15-BAPTIZER'S TESTIMONY TO HIS DISCIPLES  John 3:25-30 7
16-THE AUTHOR'S LAMENT  John 3:31-36 8
17-SAMARIA EXPERIENCE  John 4:1-30 8
18-REWARD OF EVERLASTING LIFE  John 4:31-42
19-WELCOME IN GALILEE  John 4:43-45
20-OFFICIAL'S SON HEALED  John 4:46-54
21-BETHESDA SABBATH HEALING  John 5:1-15
22-DYING TO LIVING  John 5:16-24
23-TWO RESURRECTIONS  John 5:25-29
24-AUTHORITY OF YESHUA  John 5:30-47
25-FIVE THOUSAND FED  John 6:1-14
26-WALKING ON WATER  John 6:15-21
27-WHAT IS THE WORK OF GOD  John 6:22-40
28-BREAD OF LIFE  John 6:41-59
29-WORDS SPIRIT AND LIFE  John 6:60-65
30-PETER'S EARLY TESTIMONY  John 6:66-71
31-FEAST OF TABERNACLES  John 7:1-13
32-TEACHING IN THE TEMPLE  John 7:14-36
33-LAST DAY OF THE FEAST  John 7:37-52
34-ADULTEROUS WOMAN BLAMELESS  John 8:1-11
35-LIGHT OF THE WORLD  John 8:12-20
36-DIE IN THEIR SINS  John 8:21-30
37-TRUE CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM  John 8:31-46
38-BEFORE ABRAHAM I AM  John 8:47-59
39-BLIND BEGGAR HEALED  John 9:1-12
40-HEALED BEGGAR QUESTIONED  John 9:13-23
41-BEGGAR QUESTIONED SECOND TIME  John 9:24-34
42-BLINDNESS TO TRUTH  John 9:35-41
43-PARABLE OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD  John 10:1-18
44-DIVISION AMONG THE JEWS  John 10:19-21
45-PUBLIC DECLARATION  John 10:22-42
46-DEATH OF LAZARUS  John 11:1-16
47-YESHUA TALKS WITH MARTHA  John 11:17-27
48-YESHUA TALKS WITH MARY  John 11:28-37
49-LAZARUS RESURRECTED  John 11:38-44
50-BETTER FOR ONE MAN TO DIE  John 11:45-57
51-MARY ANOINTS YESHUA  John 12:1-11
52-TRIUMPHAL ENTRY INTO JERUSALEM  John 12:12-19
53-HOUR HAS COME  John 12:20-36
54-BLIND TO BELIEF  John 12:37-43
55-HIS WORD WILL BE JUDGE  John 12:44-50
56-SERVING THE DISCIPLES  John 13:1-20
57-JUDAS IDENTIFIED AS BETRAYER  John 13:21-30
58-DISCIPLES THROUGH LOVE  John 13:31-35
59-PETER'S ARROGANCE  John 13:36-38
60-THE WAY, THE TRUTH, THE LIFE  John 14:1-14
61-PROMISE OF PARACLETE  John 14:15-24
62-GOING AND COMING  John 14:25-31
63-ANALOGY OF THE VINE BRANCHES  John 15:1-17
64-DEFINITION OF SIN  John 15:18-27
65-ADVANTAGE IN HIS GOING  John 16:1-15
66-YESHUA'S FAREWELL  John 16:16-33
67-THE WILL OF GOD  John 17:1-26
68-BETRAYAL AND ARREST  John 18:1-14
69-PETER'S DENIAL  John 18:15-18
70-YESHUA BEFORE THE HIGH PRIEST  John 18:19-27
71-YESHUA LED TO PILATE  John 18:28-32
72-PILATE'S FIRST QUESTIONING  John 18:33-40
73-YESHUA SCOURGED AND QUESTIONED AGAIN  John 19:1-11
74-PILATE CONCEDES CRUCIFIXION  John 19:12-16
75-YESHUA IS CRUCIFIED  John 19:17-27
76-YESHUA DIES  John 19:28-37
77-YESHUA ENTOMBED  John 19:38-42
78-THE RESURRECTION  John 20:1-10
79-APPEARING TO MARY  John 20:11-18
80-APPEARING TO THE TEN  John 20:19-25
81-APPEARING TO THOMAS  John 20:26-31
82-CATCHING BIG/LITTLE FISH  John 21:1-14
83-FEED MY SHEEP  John 21:15-19
84-AUTHORS EPILOGUE  John 21:20-25

1-THE LOGOS OF GOD

John 1:1-5  In the origin was LOGOS and The LOGOS belonged to God, and The LOGOS was God.  This LOGOS originally belonged to God; everything came into being through it, and apart from it nothing came to be, not a single thing that came to exist. In it was LIFE, and this LIFE was the light of humanity.  The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not contain it.

[Commentary] Logos: a Koine Greek term meaning "logic, reason, ratio, formula" used by Greek philosophers to denote the rational expression that becomes meaningful information about reality or the universe.  A philosophical term since the time of Heraclitus, circa 500 B.C.E., in John's day LOGOS was used by the Stoic philosophers to express the principle of cosmic will and reason, the factor that orders and sustains the universe, making it accessible and intelligible to the human mind.  This term was amplified by Philo Judaeus of Alexandria, Egypt, to represent the mediator between God and his material creation, the same as Wisdom (Sophia) had been in Proverbs 8:22-31.
     Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon for the New Testament defines it thusly: LOGOS, a collection of those things which are put together in thought, as of those which, having been thought i. e. gathered together in the mind, are expressed in words.  Accordingly, a twofold use of the term is to be distinguished: one which relates to speaking, and one which relates to thinking.
     I.   As respects speech:  1. a WORD, yet not in the grammatical sense, but language, i. e. a word which, uttered by the living voice, embodies a conception or idea - intelligible speech.
     II.  As respects the mind or intellect:  1.  REASON, the mental faculty of thinking, meditating, reasoning, calculating, purposing, etc.
     In other words: Intentional, reasonable, meaningful expression or expression of reason.  The formal term LOGOS can mean the source of logic or meaning, voice of reason, and the fountain of wisdom.  LOGOS also stands in contradistinction to MYTHOS, an expression or concept that cannot be dealt with logically or reasonably but must just be accepted without a rational basis.
     Intellect, not just intelligence, is the HUMAN faculty that sets us apart from being merely a sophisticated animal, and thus being able to access the higher level of meaning in the non-material or spiritual realm. It should be understood that John is claiming that everything came into being in an orderly way, conditioned by, through or within logic and reason. It follows that the pathway to the truth CANNOT be separated from intellectual responsibility.

2-SYNOPSIS OF THE BAPTIZER

John 1:6-8  A human was born, dispatched from God, by the name of John.  This fellow came to the witness stand, that he might testify about the light, so that all might believe through it.  That man was not the light, rather that he might testify about the light.

3-SONS OF GOD

John 1:9-13  The light, the true light, which lights up every human, was yet coming into the cosmos. It was in the cosmos, and the cosmos came into being through it, and the cosmos did not recognize it.  He came in a private <personal> capacity, yet his own people did not receive him.  But for all who received him, who believed in his authority, he granted them the wherewithal to become children of God; who became so, not by bloodlines nor being born of flesh nor of the will of man, but by the LOGOS of God.

[Commentary] The word in this passage translated as world and universe is the Greek word Cosmos, a word that did not primarily refer to the physical or material universe directly, but rather referred to the spiritual and physical life support system structure (originally benevolent instead of inadequate or hostile as it is now for us) of all physical and spiritual reality.  It is the Cosmos that Yeshua said he came to heal and save. As long as sin or the potential of sin is in the Cosmos, it is not perfectly safe for all future eternity.
     "His own people" probably refers to the Jews AND other people that he contacted. Therefore, do we not become children of God by choosing to believe the best and becoming intellectually responsible to limit our understanding to that which is reasonable?
     "By the LOGOS of God" is to say: not by right of genes nor inheritance nor by any formal ceremony or rite of certification.

4-MESSAGE OF THE BAPTIZER

John 1:14-18   And LOGOS became flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth; we beheld his magnificence, magnificence as of an only Son from the Father. John witnesses about him, and has cried out, saying, "This was the one of whom I said, 'He coming after me has become greater than me, for he was existing before me.'"  And out of his fullness we all received, grace on top of grace.  For the law was given through Moses; but grace and truth came through Yeshua Christ.  No one has ever understood God; the only Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, he has made him plain.

[Commentary] It is noteworthy that even though John the Baptist understood his role and who he himself was, he was too contaminated with the old paradigm to fully realize the extent of how different the truth is from the then current thinking. The last italicized passage is John the Gospel writer's astute commentary, where he is making the astounding but correct claim about no one EVER having understood God but now that is possible through understanding Yeshua.

5-MISSION OF THE BAPTIZER

John 1:19-23  And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem that they might ask him, "Who are you?"  He confessed, he did not deny, but acknowledged, "I am not the Christ."  And they asked him, "What then?  Are you Elijah?"  He said, "I am not."  "Are you THE prophet?"  And he answered, "No."  They said to him then, "Who are you?  Let us have an answer that we may give to those having sent us.  What do you say about yourself?"  He said, "I am a voice crying in the wilderness, 'Make straight the way of the Master,' as the prophet Isaiah said."

[Commentary] Even though John the Baptizer was especially chosen and prepared by God to introduce Yeshua as the Savior, John did not choose to build his belief system within the context and limits of what Yeshua said and did.  He therefore, did not understand Yeshua and did not become a follower.  This is why Yeshua said that though he was the greatest man in some respects born among women, the least person in the kingdom of heavens was greater than John (See Matthew 11:11, Luke 7:28).  This is why, even though John in the beginning was sure Yeshua was the messiah, after watching and listening to Yeshua for a time he was not sure and sent some of his disciples to question Yeshua (Matthew 11:2-19, Luke 7:18-35).

6-POSITION OF THE BAPTIZER

John 1:24-28  Now those having been sent were of the Pharisees.  They asked him and said to him, "Why then do you baptize if you are neither the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the prophet?"  John answered them, saying, "I baptize in water; but among you{pl} stands one whom you{pl} do not know, it is this one who is coming after me, the strap of whose sandal I am not worthy to loose."  These things took place in Bethbare beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing.

[Commentary] The word baptize means to immerse, more especially to soak to saturation, and does not mean to merely dunk, dip or rinse.

7-WITNESS ABOUT YESHUA

John 1:29-34  On the next day John saw Yeshua coming toward him, and said, "Behold, the Lamb of God, the very one taking away the sin of the world!  This is the one of whom I said, 'After me comes a man who has become greater than me, for he was existing before me.'  I was not acquainted with him; but in order that he be revealed to Israel, I came baptizing in water."  And John testified, saying, "I have seen the Spirit descend as a dove from the sky, and it remained on him.  I did not know him; but the one sending me to baptize in water said to me, 'The one on whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining, this is the one baptizing with the Holy Spirit.'  And I have seen and witnessed that this one is the Son of God."

[Commentary] It doesn't get any better than this eloquent and most meaningful testimony given by the Baptist, and it should have left no confusion as to the authenticity and role of Yeshua according to the Baptist.

8-ANDREW AND PETER

John 1:35-42  Again the next day John was standing with two of his disciples; and looking at Yeshua walking, he said, "Behold, the Lamb of God!"  The two disciples heard him say this, and they followed Yeshua.  And Yeshua turning and seeing them following, said to them, "What do you{pl} seek?"  And they said to him, "Rabbi", which translated means Teacher, "where do you stay?"  He said to them, "Come and see."  They went and saw where he was staying; and they stayed with him that day, for it was about 4:00 PM.  One of the two hearing John speak, and following him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother.  He first finds his own brother Simon, and says to him, "We have found the Messiah", which translated means Christ, and he led him to Yeshua.  Yeshua looked at him, and said, "You are Simon the son of Jonah; now you shall be called Cephas", which translated means Peter.

[Commentary] How pathetic that when the Creator of the Universe asks, "What do you want?", the answer given is so shallow. In the face of this question, why not be ready to answer with "I want it ALL" or "Imminent Fulfillment, Immortality, Security, Equality, Empowerment, Knowledge, Unity, and Society?"

9-PHILIP AND NATHANIEL

John 1:43-51  On the next day Yeshua decided to go into Galilee. And he finds Philip and says to him, "Follow me."  Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.  Philip finds Nathanael, and says to him, "Whom Moses in the law wrote and also the prophets, we have found in Yeshua of Nazareth, the son of Joseph."  Nathanael said to him, "Can anything good come out of Nazareth?"  Philip said to him, "Come and see."  Yeshua saw Nathanael coming toward him, and said about him, "Behold, truly an Israelite in whom is no guile!"  Nathanael said to him, "From where do you know me?"  Yeshua answered him and said, "Before Philip called you, I saw you under the fig tree."  Nathanael answered him, "Rabbi, you are the Son of God!  You are the King of Israel!"  Yeshua answered him, "Because I told you, I saw you under the fig tree, I convince you?  Greater things than me as Rabbi you{pl} will address.  Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, you{pl} will see the heavens opened, and the messages <doctrines> of God ascending from and descending to the Son of man."

[Commentary] On the slimmest supra-normal evidence, Nathaniel was ready to believe who Yeshua was, but was apparently never willing to understand and believe what he said. The "old wine", the old paradigm of God that he clung to filtered it out.
     In the world view of that day there were three 'heavens', the first being the sky where the birds fly and the clouds reside, the second being the heaven of outer space with the planets and stars, and the third being some kind of dwelling place of God.

10-WATER TO WINE

John 2:1-12  On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, with the mother of Yeshua there.  Yeshua and his disciples were also invited to the marriage.  With the wine being short, the mother of Yeshua said to him, "They have no wine."  And Yeshua said to her, "Woman, what is that to me and you?  My time has not yet come."  His mother said to the servants, "Just do whatever he tells you{pl}."

[Commentary] Evidently Mary had confidence that Yeshua would honor her wish and solve her problem despite what he said.

Now six stone water jars were standing there, for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty to thirty gallons.  Yeshua said to them, "Fill the jars with water."  And they filled them up to the top.  He said to them, "Now draw some out, and take some to the steward of the feast."  So they took it.  After the steward of the feast tasted the water having become wine, and did not know where it came from–though the servants who had drawn the water knew–the bridegroom calls the steward of the feast and says to him, "Every man serves the good wine first; and when men have drunk, then the poorer; but you have kept the good wine until now."

This beginning of his signs, Yeshua did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his magnificence; and his disciples believed in him.  After this he and his mother and his brothers and his disciples went down to Capernaum, and stayed there a few days.

[Commentary] The disciples "believed in him" a little. Evidently, Yeshua's family owned an apartment in Capernaum.

11-CLEARING THE TEMPLE

John 2:13-25  The Passover of the Jews was near, and Yeshua went to Jerusalem.  He found in the temple those selling oxen and sheep and doves, and the money‑merchants situated.  After making a whip of cords, he threw them all out of the temple, both the sheep and oxen and the money-changers, pouring out the coins and overturning the tables.

[Commentary] It is important to note that in John's account Yeshua brandishes a whip. Yeshua, the originator of all creation, would NEVER under ANY circumstances hurt or damage another human being. There is no need for this, since there is always multifarious ways to avoid crossing this line. The whip was either just a prop or an aid to snag the tables and overturn them. Yeshua at that time was empowered and he could have made himself invulnerable, so that anybody attacking him would only exhaust or hurt themselves.

And he told those selling doves, "Take these things away from here; do not make my Father's house a market."  Then his disciples remembered that it was written, "Zeal for your house has consumed me."  Then the Jews answered and said to him, "What authorization have you to show us for doing this?"  Yeshua answered and said to them, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it."  The Jews then said, "It has taken forty‑six years to build this temple, and you will raise it in three days?"  But he spoke of the temple of his body.  Then when he was raised from being dead, his disciples recalled that he had said this to them; and they believed the scripture and the words which Yeshua had spoken.

[Commentary] Although an eyewitness, we cannot be certain or even assume that, after thirty years or more before writing his Gospel, John remembered everything verbatim. Yeshua probably said something like "house dedicated to my Father". In any case we should NOT take this account to mean that the Temple had anything more to do with the real God over any other religious structure in the world.
     Again, the disciples believing the "scripture" does not authenticate indicate that these scriptures were developed by God.

Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover feast, many believed in his authority when they saw the manifestations he did; but Yeshua did not commit himself to them, because he knew people and needed no one to tell him about mankind; for he knew what was in man.

[Commentary] After a long history of perversity and in addition the worldwide trauma of the ancient global catastrophes, Mankind in the "human condition" was clearly not disposed to be intellectually responsible and believe the best, and Yeshua knew this.

12-NICODEMUS VISITS

John 3:1-15  Now there was a Pharisee named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews.  This one came to Yeshua by night and said to him, "Rabbi, we understand that you are come as a teacher from God; for no one can do these signs that you do unless God is with him."  Yeshua answered him, "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one receives birth from beyond, he cannot understand the kingship of God."  Nicodemus said to him, "How is a man able to be born when he is old?  Can he enter into his mother's womb a second time and be born?"  Yeshua answered, "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one receives birth of both water and the Real meaning, he cannot enter the kingship of God.  That receiving birth from the flesh is flesh, and that receiving birth from the Real meaning is spirit. Do not wonder because I said to you, 'You{pl} must receive birth from beyond.'  The spirit inspires where it wills, and you recognize its voice, but you don't know where it comes from or where it goes; so it is with every one who receives birth from the Real meaning."

[Commentary] Yeshua was not only biologically induced from "beyond", but was also raised and taught spiritually from beyond, back into the same perfectly mature person that he was before. It is in this way that we must be spiritually matured by the truth that he brought, taught, displayed, and demonstrated
     Here the word spirit should be primarily understood to mean rational, sane, mature mindset in the fullest sense.
     The translation of what Yeshua means into English is awkward, partly because the word "spirit" is misunderstood. Here it means mature mindset and attitude.

Nicodemus said to him, "How can these things come about?"  Yeshua answered him, "You are the teacher of Israel, and you do not understand this?  Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we understand, and testify about what we have seen; but you{pl} do not receive our testimony.  If earthly [mundane] things I tell you{pl} and you{pl} don't believe, how will you{pl} believe if I tell you{pl} glorious things?

Commentary] Receive means conceive or perceive in this context.

"No human has entered into the finer realm of empowerment but he who came out from the finer realm of empowerment, the one who is now in his realm of empowerment.  And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of man be lifted up, that everyone choosing what to believe within Him may not die, and instead have everlasting life."

[Commentary] Here Yeshua is talking about an active choosing of what to believe about God and reality, within the context and limits of the spirit and meaning of what he said and did; instead of intensifying or just hanging on to whatever vague, irrational or unreasonable beliefs we may have been given by our society or religion.
     The timeline for Nicodemus' visit is not clear, whether it was earlier or late in his ministry when he knew he going to have to be crucified to give a more pronounced demonstration of God's character. If it was earlier, his words about being lifted up would "paid attention to", and if later they would mean lifted up on the cross.

13-THE AUTHOR'S MESSAGE SUMMARY

John 3:16-21  For God so loved the world [cosmos] that he gave his only-begotten Son, that everyone choosing what to believe within Him should NOT DIE but have everlasting life.  For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through Him.  The one choosing what to believe within Him is not judged; the one not choosing to believe is judged at that point, because he has not believed in the authority of the only-begotten Son of God.  And this is the judgment, that the light has come into the world, and men desired the darkness more than light, and their achievements were for misery.  Everyone occupied with foulness hates the light, and does not come to the light, lest his results should be exposed.  But the one constructing the truth comes to the light, that his actions may be revealed to have been worked within God.

[Commentary] John is clearly showing that he understands that the "judgment" of each man hinges not upon any behavior, per se, not on any legalistic basis but upon whether he chooses his belief system within or upon what Yeshua said and did. There are some men that largely manage to do this without even ever having heard of Yeshua, but of course they cannot perfect their belief without the aid of what Yeshua said and did.
     "only begotten" means the only begotten son by the corporate Father entity. See Luke 3:22, "Today have I begotten you."
     Occupied with foolishness: here John is not talking about bad behavior but about an irrational or unreasonable conception of God and reality.

14-DISCIPLES BAPTIZING

John 3:22-24  After this Yeshua and his disciples went into the Judean land and stayed with them and baptized.  John also was baptizing at Aenon near Salem, because there was plenty of water there; and people came and were being baptized.  For John had not yet been put in prison.

[Commentary] Of course we now know, based on a later clarification by the Gospel author, that only the disciples baptized. Yeshua himself never baptized anyone with water, which was an empty ceremony or rite. It is telling that he indulged them in this Jewish ceremony.

15-BAPTIZER'S TESTIMONY TO HIS DISCIPLES

John 3:25-30  Now a question arose between John's disciples and some Jews over purifying.  And they came to John, and said to him, "Rabbi, he who was with you beyond the Jordan, of whom you witnessed, behold he baptizes, and all are going to him."  John answered and said, "A man can receive nothing except what is given him from heaven.  You yourselves did witness that I said, I am not the Christ, but having been sent I am preceding him.  The one having the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, standing and hearing him, rejoices over the bridegroom's voice; therefore my joy is now full.  That one must increase, but I must decrease."

[Commentary] What John the Baptist says  here sounds quite humble, and it turned to be that way. But not necessarily so. If John had dropped his own personal ministry and followed Yeshua and fully understood and supported Yeshua's ministry, he would not have diminished at all.

16-THE AUTHOR'S LAMENT

John 3:31-36  The one coming from beyond is above all; the one being from the earth is of the earth, and of the earth he speaks; the one who comes from heaven is above all.  That one witnesses about what he has seen and heard, yet no one receives his testimony; he who does receive his testimony certifies this, that God is true.  For the one whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for it is not by measure that he gives the Real meaning; the Father loves the Son, and has given all things into his hand.  The one choosing to believe within the Son has everlasting life; but the one who will not be persuaded by the Son will not experience life, but the indignation of God remains with him.

[Commentary] In this paragraph, at the time of his writing about 60 years after the public presence and the revealing–the Parousia and the Apocalypse--the author John is bemoaning and lamenting the fact that almost no one, including most of the disciples, understood and accepted the true message of good news given first and foremost by Yeshua and then by John himself after he understood and believed.
& nbsp;    The last sentence is John's inadequate understanding, and the last phrase is not necessarily true. Everyone may be saved in the age of Justice. The latter part of this passage is usually translated in the most atrociously false way. See and compare any published translation.

17-SAMARIA EXPERIENCE

John 4:1-30  Now when the Master knew that the Pharisees had heard that Yeshua was making and baptizing more disciples than John (though Yeshua himself did not baptize, but only his disciples, he left Judea and went away again into Galilee.  It suited him to pass through Samaria.  He then comes to a city of Samaria, called Sychar, near the land that Jacob gave to his son Joseph.  The Fountain of Jacob was there, therefore Yeshua, wearied as he was with his journey, sat down beside the well about noontime.

[Commentary] Here John is correcting his earlier statement about Yeshua baptizing, something that Yeshua let his disciple do but would have never done himself.  Baptism is a dead and worthless symbol and something that anyone understanding the message of Yeshua would have nothing to do with.
     John may be missing why Yeshua sat down by the well when he did. It is probable that he knew the Samaritan woman would be there midday and planned their interaction.

Now there here comes a woman of Samaria to draw water.   Yeshua said to her, "Give me some to drink."  For his disciples had gone away into the city so that they might buy food.  The Samaritan woman said to him, "How can you, being a Jew, ask a drink of me, a woman of Samaria?  For Jews don't associate with Samaritans."  Yeshua answered her and said, "If you really understood the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, 'Give me some to drink,' you would have asked him, and he would give you living water."

[Commentary] No banal pleasantries or idle banter here. Yeshua goes right to the ultimate issue of understanding God and the reward.

The woman says to him, "Sir, you have no vessel to draw with, and the well is deep; from where would you get that living water?  Are you any greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank from it himself, and his sons, and his cattle?"  Yeshua said to her, "Every one drinking of this water will thirst again, but whoever drinks of the water which I will give him in no way will thirst within this age; instead, the water that I will give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up to everlasting life."  The woman says to him, "Sir, give me this water, so that I thirst not, nor come here to draw."

[Commentary] Finally, a significant request to the Originator.

Yeshua says to her, "OK, go, call your husband, and come here."  The woman answered and said, "I don't have a husband."  Yeshua said to her, "You say right, 'I have no husband'; for you had five husbands, and the one you now have is not your husband; this you have said factually."  The woman says to him, "Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet.  Our fathers worshiped on this mountain; and you{pl} say that in Jerusalem is the right place for men to worship."

[Commentary] Despite having an abysmal track record in societal "morality" and her relationships, she had not given up, and was therefore a premium candidate for the Kingship of the Heavens.

Yeshua says to her, "Woman, believe me, the time is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you{pl} worship the Father.  You{pl} do not understand what you{pl} worship; we worship what we know, since salvation is of the Jews.  But the time is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the real meaning [spirit] and the truth, and the Father ardently seeks those worshiping him in such a way.  God is spirit, and those worshiping him need to worship him within the real meaning and the truth."  The woman says to him, "I understand that Messiah, the one called Christ, is coming; when that one comes, he will display to us all things."  Yeshua said to her, "I AM THE ONE!  He is speaking to you."

[Commentary] "God is spirit" is a statement saying that God has real meaning for rational, reasonable men, and is not a statement about his being an incorporeal entity.
     Yeshua cannot here be claiming all the baggage of the Messiah or Christ, but is affirming that he is the "ONE COMING".

At this time his disciples came.  They marveled that he was talking with a woman, though no one said, "What do you seek?" or, "Why are you talking with her?"  Then the woman left her water jar and went away into the city, and said to the people, "Come, see a man who told me whatever I did.  Is this one not the Christ?"  So they went out of the city and came to him.

[Commentary] This is one of the saddest episodes of them all. Yeshua wouldn't have been there and alone if this woman and her husband were not prime individuals for listening to him and being open to his message of liberty and salvation in the Kingship of the Heavens. They were Samaritans, operating outside the Mosaic law, living together without "legal" marriage because they so desired, feeling condemnation, etc. As we can easily see, his preference was to talk privately to one or two individuals instead of crowds. She acknowledged that he was a prophet or a truth expositor, at least. Shouldn't she then have paid attention to any instructions? If she had only followed his request, the two of them would have been privileged to hear things that could have led to imminent eternal life for them and others that he would have gathered. Their presence among the disciples would have leavened those more hardened in the falsity of the Judaistic racial discrimination, religion and paradigm.

18-REWARD OF EVERLASTING LIFE

John 4:31-42  Meanwhile the disciples asked him, saying, "Rabbi, eat."  But he said to them, "I have food to eat of which you{pl} do not understand."  Then the disciples said to one another, "Has any one brought him food?"  Yeshua says to them, "My food is to do the will of him who sent me, and to finish his work.  Wouldn't you{pl} say, 'Another four months, and then comes the harvest'?  I tell you{pl}, raise your{pl} sights, and see how the fields are already white for harvest.  And he who is reaping receives his reward, and gathers the fruit of everlasting life, so that sower may rejoice together with reaper.  For in this, the message is true, 'One is sowing and another is reaping.'  I sent you{pl} to reap that for which you{pl} did not labor; others have labored, and you{pl} have entered into their labor."

[Commentary] "raise your{pl} sights" means elevate your thinking or examine and consider something higher or better.

And out of that city many Samaritans chose to believe in him because of the woman's testimony, "He told me all of whatever I did."  Then as the Samaritans came to him, they asked him to stay with them; and he stayed there two days.  And many more chose to believe because of his words.  And to the woman they said, "It is no longer because of your words that we choose to believe, for we have heard ourselves, and we know that this one is truly the Savior of the world, the Christ."

[Commentary] Yes, they "believed". But believed what? All they were doing is confirming in their own minds the existing paradigm of the expected earthy king, the Messiah. Yeshua knew what was going on, yet talked with them anyway, probably trying to plow their spiritual ground with parables.

19-WELCOME IN GALILEE

John 4:43-45  After the two days he departed from there and went into Galilee.  For Yeshua himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own native-place.  So when he came into Galilee, the Galileans received him, having seen all that he did in Jerusalem at the feast, for they also went to the feast.

[Commentary] Why did John include this in his Gospel. What is he trying to tell us here, in a short, minimal, and expensive document? (He probably had to pay a scribe a significant hourly fee to take his dictation, and the writing materials were costly.

20-OFFICIAL'S SON HEALED

John 4:46-54  Yeshua then came again to Cana in Galilee, where he made the water wine.  And an official was there whose son was ill in Capernaum.  Upon his hearing that Yeshua comes from Judea to Galilee, he went to him and requested him to come and cure his son, for he was about to die.  Therefore Yeshua said to him, "Unless you{pl} see signs and wonders in no way do you{pl} believe."  The official says to him, "Sir, come down before my child dies."  Yeshua says to him, "Go; your son lives."  The man believed the statement that Yeshua spoke to him and went away.

[Commentary] A major issue is made clear here.  Either we have tangible proof and then we believe (know) about the goodness of God, or we choose to believe because of his word, because he says.  This is the difference between Knowledge and Belief.  Ultimately God needs us to choose to believe.  See John 20:29.

And as he was already going down, his servants met him and reported, saying, "Your child lives".  So he asked them the hour in which he began to mend.  And they said to him, "Yesterday at 1:00 PM the fever left him."  Then the father knew that was in the same hour when Yeshua said to him, "Your son lives"; and he himself and all his household chose to believe.  This was now the second sign that Yeshua did after having come from Judea to Galilee.

21-BETHESDA SABBATH HEALING

John 5:1-15  After this was a feast of the Jews, and Yeshua went up to Jerusalem.  Now there is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a pool, in Hebrew called Bethesda, having five porches.  In these were lying a great many invalids, the blind, the lame, the atrophied, all awaiting the stirring of the water.  For at times an angel descended to the pool and agitated the water.   Then the first person entering after the agitation of the water became healed of whatever disease they held.

[Commentary] The last two sentences are an insertion in some manuscripts.  Most commentators, including this one, take the position that this was only what the people believed.

But a certain man was there, being infirm for 38 years.  Seeing this one lying there, and knowing that he had already wasted a long time, Yeshua says to him, "Do you want to become healthy?"  The sick man answered him, "Sir, I don't have somebody to get me into the pool when the water is agitated, and while I am going another goes down before me."  Yeshua says to him, "Arise, take up your mattress, and walk!"  Instantly the man became healthy, and took up his mattress and walked.

[Commentary] Evidently a miracle of pure compassion, not linked to any profession of belief or truth.

Now that day was a holiday.  Therefore the Jews said to the man having been cured, "It is a holiday, it is not lawful for you to lift your mattress."  He answered them, "The one making me healthy said to me, 'Lift up your mattress, and walk.'"  Therefore they asked him, "Who is the man who told you, 'Lift up your mattress, and walk'?"  But the one cured did not know who it was.  Yeshua had withdrawn, since there was a crowd in the place.  Afterward, Yeshua finds him in the temple, and said to him, "See, you have become healthy!  Not sinning now, continue not sinning, lest a worse thing happen to you."

[Commentary] The man obviously had a restored outlook on life and God, and was not yet hardening his mind into the old way of thinking, thus not sinning. Of course the worse thing would be to continue to live a meaningless life, just age, wither and die.

22-DYING TO LIVING

John 5:16-24  The man went away and told the Jews that Yeshua is the one making him healthy.  Therefore the Jews persecuted Yeshua and sought to kill him, because he did these things on a holiday.  But Yeshua replied to them, "My Father still works, and I work."  This was why the Jews sought all the more to kill him, because not only did he break the holiday but also called God his Father, making himself equal to God.

[Commentary] Claiming equality with God is probably considered to be the worst sin or blasphemy, yet John calls us sons of God and equates a father-son relationship to be one of equality.

Therefore Yeshua answered and said to them, "Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, the Son can do nothing coming from himself, unless he may see what the Father is doing; for whatever that one does, likewise these things the Son does.  For the Father loves the Son, and shows to him all things which he does; and greater projects than these will he show him, that you{pl} may marvel.  For as the Father raises up the dead and makes them alive, so also the Son makes alive whom he may.

[Commentary] It is clear that the created corporate Father, not Yeshua, is guiding the whole program
     "the Son makes alive whom he may" does not imply arbitrariness but rather pertains to those that respond,

"For the Father judges no one, but he has given all judgment to the Son, so that all may honor the Son, even as they honor the Father.  He not honoring the Son does not honor the Father, the one having sent him.  Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, the one understanding MY message and believing the one having sent me, has life for all ages; he does not come into judgment, but has passed from dying to living."

[Commentary] It is crucial to understand that the one "judging" us has been born and raised on the earth, and experience the human condition here for 3-1/2 decades.
     "passed from dying to living" literally immortality and more from that time forward.

23-TWO RESURRECTIONS

John 5:25-29  "Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, the time comes, and now is, when the dead will hear from the voice of the Son of God, and those hearing will live.  For even as the Father has the life source in himself, so also he gave the Son to have the life source in himself, and gave him authority and a separation to do because he is the Son of man.  Don't wonder about this; for the time comes when all those in the tombs will hear his voice and come forth; those having done the good, to the resurrection of life, and those having practiced the evil, to the resurrection of judgment."

[Commentary] See Matthew 27:52,53.
     "the time comes, and now is" is a phrase for immediacy or imminency, and represents the first resurrection..
     "the time comes" means in the future, and represents the second resurrection.
     ."practiced the evil, to the resurrection of judgment" refers to the age of healing and change for all those that hardened themselves in the old, false paradigm of Sin.

24-AUTHORITY OF YESHUA

John 5:30-47  "I can do nothing on my own; just as I hear, I judge; and my judgment is just, because I seek not my own will but the will of the one sending me, the father.  If I testify from myself, my testimony is not true; there is another who witnesses about me, and I know that the testimony which he testifies concerning me is true.  You{pl} have gone to John, and he has witnessed to the truth.  But not from man do I receive the testimony; but I say these things that you{pl} may be saved.  He was a burning and shining lamp, and you{pl} were willing to rejoice for a while in his light.  But the testimony which I have is greater than that of John; for the results which the Father has given me that I may finish, these very results which I am doing, witness that the Father has sent me.

[Commentary] "And the Father having sent me has himself witnessed about me. Neither His voice have you{pl} ever understood nor his form have you{pl} ever realized; and you{pl} do not have his message abiding in you{pl}, for you{pl} do not choose to believe him whom he has sent.  You{pl} search the scriptures, because you{pl} think to possess in THEM life for all ages; but they only testify about ME.  And you{pl} don't want to come to me, that you{pl} may retain life.

"I do not receive magnificence from men.  But I have known you{pl}, that you{pl} don't have the love of God within yourselves.  I have come in my Father's authority, and you{pl} don't receive me; if another comes in his own authority, that one you{pl} will receive.  How can you{pl} believe if you{pl} receive your magnificence from one another and do not seek the magnificence that comes from the only God?  Do not think that I will accuse you{pl} before the Father; there is one who accuses you{pl}, Moses, on whom you{pl} have based your hope.  If you{pl} would be believing Moses, you{pl} would be believing me, for that one wrote about me.  But if you{pl} don't believe his writings, how will you{pl} believe my words?"

[Commentary] The word "magnificence" was chosen to be used instead of the more traditional word "glory" in an effort to stay away from any connection to physical or material glory, and focus on intellectual, spiritual elegance. Yeshua is claiming to be uncontaminated with mundane intentions, purpose, values and principles, and fully authorized to represent the unfallen in the universe.
     It is a real challenge for us to buy into there being a pure, uncontaminated source of truth in this world, and Yeshua knew this. He is NOT endorsing Moses in this way, but making the point that if they could accept Moses on this level, they should be able to accept HIM. Of course, even though they professed acceptance to Moses' authority, they were untethered from consistency and being hypocritical.

25-FIVE THOUSAND FED

John 6:1-14  After this Yeshua went across the Sea of Galilee, of Tiberias.  And a multitude followed him, because they saw the significance of what he did for those who were diseased.  Yeshua went up on the mountain, and there sat down with his disciples.  Passover, the feast of the Jews, was imminent.  Then raising his sight, and seeing that a multitude was coming to him, Yeshua says to Philip, "From where may we buy bread, so that these people may eat?"  This he said testing him, for he knew what he was going to do.  Philip answered him, "Two hundred denarii worth of bread is not enough for each of them to get a little."  One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, says to him, "There is one small boy here who has five barley loaves and two fish; but what are these among so many?"  Yeshua said, "Make the people recline."  Now the place was very grassy; so the people sat down, in number about five thousand.

[Commentary] Starting backwards with the number five thousand, there is some confusion over the translation of the ancient words in Hebrew and Greek. If the Hebrew word is translated as thousand, the numbers in the Old Testment are simply untenable. So is it here.

Yeshua then took the loaves, and after giving thanks, distributed them to the disciples, and the disciples to those reclining; likewise the fish, as much as they wanted.  And when they were filled, he says to his disciples, "Gather together the left over fragments, that nothing be lost."  So they gathered, and filled twelve baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves, left over by those who had eaten.  Therefore seeing this sign Yeshua did, the people said, "This is indeed the prophet, the one coming into the world!"

[Commentary] When you are oppressed by the Romans, and you have the Messianic dream of your culture ruling the world, it is time to get excited about fulfilling that dream when you have a man that can heal any physiological problem and pull food out of the air. These two capabilities together would make any army invincible. This is what the people were focused on.

26-WALKING ON WATER

John 6:15-21  Yeshua, perceiving then that they are about to come and seize him that they may make him king, withdrew again to the mountain alone.  And when it was evening, his disciples went down to the sea.  And having entered into the boat, they were going across the sea to Capernaum.  When it was already dark, Yeshua had not yet come to them.  The sea was disturbed by a great blowing wind.  Then having rowed about three or four miles, they see Yeshua walking on the sea and coming near to the boat, and they were frightened.  But he said to them, "I AM THE ONE; do not be afraid."  Then they were pleased to take him into the boat, and instantly the boat came to land where they were going.

[Commentary] The people were ready to act, and demand that the Messiah fulfill the vision of supremacy for the nation. But this was not at all consonant with the purpose and agenda of Yeshua, and he withdrew. He may have told his close disciples to meet him in Capernaum, where he had an apartment.

27-WHAT IS THE WORK OF GOD

John 6:22-40  On the next day the crowd standing on the other side of the sea had seen that little boat, that others were not there except the one boat there that his disciples entered, and that Yeshua did not go into the boat with his disciples, but that his disciples went away alone.  However, other little boats from Tiberias came near the place where they ate the loaves after the Lord having given thanks.

Therefore when the crowd saw that Yeshua was not there, nor his disciples, they themselves also went into the boats and came to Capernaum, seeking Yeshua.  And having found him across the sea, they said to him, "Rabbi, when did you come here?"  Yeshua answered them and said, "Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, you{pl} seek me, not because you{pl} saw the real significance, but because you{pl} ate of the loaves and were filled.  Do not labor for perishing food, but for the food enduring to everlasting life, which the Son of man will give to you{pl}; for this one has God the Father certified."

[Commentary] Yeshua was always focused on the bigger picture of Mankind being under the human condition, not just these people under the thumb of Rome and under a sentence of death. Sp he pointed that out to them by urging them to look and focus higher on spiritual issues, with the promise of it going all the way to immortality.

Then they said to him, "What may we do, to work the works of God?"  Yeshua answered them, "This is God's work, that you{pl} choose what you believe within him whom that one sent."  Then they said to him, "What then do you do as a sign, that we may see, and believe you? What work do you perform?  Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it has been written, 'Bread from the sky he gave them to eat.'"

[Commentary] This is one of the strangest and most foolish requests. As they were known as the "Children of Saturn", they were looking for the glorious Saturnian "Wheel within a wheel" spectacle over the pole in the Northern sky to come back. Yeshua had just miraculously fed them, a sign really more significant than the one they believed in.

Therefore Yeshua said to them, "Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, Moses has not given you{pl} the bread from heaven; but my Father now gives you{pl} the true bread from the true heaven.  For the bread of God is the one coming out from heaven and giving life to the world."  They said to him, "Master, give us this bread always."

[Commentary] In the ancient catastrophic times, there evidently WAS a fall in various parts of the world of sweet, nutritious material from the sky, and this was either borrowed or greatly embellished. However, no way did it fall on the schedule outlined in the Hebrew scriptures. The story of Moses in the Old Testament lies somewhere between gross exaggeration and outright fabrication, Yeshua was reiterating this fact for those that had not swallowed the entire story.
     Of course, they misunderstood his symbolism.

Yeshua said to them, "I am the bread of life; the one coming to me will hunger not at all, and the one choosing what he believes within me in no way will thirst, ever.  But I told you{pl} that you{pl} have both seen me and yet not chosen to believe.  All that my Father gives to me will come to me; and the one coming to me I will in no way cast out.  For I have come out from heaven, not that I may do my will, but the will of the one sending me; and this is the will of the father having sent me, that I should lose none of which he has given me, but exalt it at the last day.  For this is the will of the one sending me, that every one understanding the Son and choosing what to believe within him should have everlasting life; and I will exalt him at the last day."

[Commentary] The bread symbolizes the truth that will lead to the sustained life where the hunger for truth has been satisfied. Yeshua was the show and tell demonstration of that truth, and he was hoping to wake up SOMEBODY to deal with the ultimate issues. Of course, "everlasting life" literally means not dying.

28-BREAD OF LIFE

John 6:41-59  The Jews then murmured about him, because he said, "I am the bread which came out from the heaven."  They said, "Is not this Yeshua, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know?  How can this one now say, 'I have come out from the heaven'?"  Yeshua answered and said to them, "Do not murmur with one another.  No one is able to come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him; and I will exalt him at the last day.  It is already written in the prophets, 'And they shall all be taught by God.'  Everyone thus close to the Father and hearing and learning comes to me.  Not that any one has understood the Father except the one being from God; this one has understood the Father.

[Commentary]  Yeshua's words in this passage are intended to get their attention and open their minds for his next BOMBSHELL statements.

"Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, he who chooses what to believe within me has life everlasting.  I am the bread of life.  Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and THEY DIED.  This now is the bread from heaven coming down, that a man may eat of it and NOT DIE.  I am the living bread that came out of heaven; if any one eats of this bread, he will have life in this age; indeed the bread, my flesh, which I will give, is the life source for the world."

[Commentary]  The meaning here could NOT be more clear. Yeshua was offering imminent immortality. Yet, the power of the false paradigm keeps almost everyone from even grasping the straightforward intent. It just couldn't be true! Could it?
     As to eating the bread, he explains that it is paying attention to his words and deeds, and believing.

Therefore the Jews then argued with one another, saying, "How can this man give us his flesh to eat?"  So Yeshua said to them, "Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, unless you{pl} eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood, you{pl} do not have the life source in yourselves; he partaking my flesh and drinking my blood has everlasting life, and I will exalt him at the last day.  For my flesh indeed is food, and my blood indeed is drink.  He partaking my flesh and drinking my blood abides within me, and I in him.  Even as the living Father sent me, and I live by the way of my Father, even also he partaking me will live by my way.  This is the bread which came out of heaven, much different from the manna the fathers ate, and THEY DIED; he who eats this bread will live within this age."  These things he said in the synagogue while teaching at Capernaum.

[Commentary] It's hard not to think that the crude remarks--really offensive to the Jews--were not designed winnow out many of his followers. They were not open to see the beauty of his truth and thus available to be members of the true Ecclesia. The meaning here is to structure your life and stay, in terms of purpose and values, within the context and limits of what Yeshua did and said.

29-WORDS SPIRIT AND LIFE

John 6:60-65  Many of his disciples, when they heard it, said, "This is a hard message; who is able to understand?"  But Yeshua, knowing in himself that his disciples are murmuring at this, said to them, "Does this offend you{pl}?  What if you{pl} were to see the Son of man ascending to where he was before?  It is the meaning of the message that gives life, the flesh gains nothing; the DIRECTIONS <instructions> that I have spoken to you{pl} are the real meaning and the life source.  But there are some of you{pl} that are not choosing to believe."  For Yeshua knew from the first who those were that did not believe, and who it was that would betray him. And he said, "Therefore I have told you{pl} that no one can come to me unless it is given to him by the Father."

[Commentary] The author, John, is here espousing a certain personal understanding of an aspect of theology that he may not have understood properly at this point in the time of his writing.  We should be careful to discriminate between John's personal theology and that of a perfect one or that of Yeshua. On the other hand, it may be that he DID understand, and that Yeshua had through communication with the "Father" the ability to know everything pertinent and therefore read people very early.
     It is CRUCIAL to see that the sentence "For Yeshua knew from the first who those were that did not believe, and who it was that would betray him" is John's commentary, and NOT the words spoken by Yeshua. This is where we can emphatically disagree with John IF we take him T00 literally.
     The usual interpretation of this kind of foreknowledge makes a mockery of personal volition. However, the first phrase can be true, and the second IF we understand that God had a good reading of Judas' character and expected a betrayal from him. Some people may HAVE CAUTERIZED THEIR VOLITION and become hardened against the truth, but this cannot be true for all men. It can even be supposed that the men of Israel hardened their minds between the time of God's selecting that culture for the great revealing and the time that Yeshua began his public ministry. Yeshua wouldn't even have come if the light of understanding the truth about God had not turned to darkness in the world. We cannot think that God expected to fail almost completely in the way that he did.
     The last sentence by Yeshua here is usually heard in a wrong way and is interpreted to mean that there is something mysterious or arbitrary about the Father only giving certain people this ability. However the Father cannot be this way or do this. Rather the better answer is that the Father is limited in what he can do, and there were very few people that were looking for the truth. Only for these people would the father work behind the scenes without violating our sovereignty and the eternal principles of fairness, and be able to arrange certain events that would give these people the opportunity to meet up and interact with Yeshua. Of course the Father would do that for everyone if they had already awakened to a hunger for the truth.

30-PETER'S EARLY TESTIMONY

John 6:66-71  Because of this many of his disciples reversed their direction and no longer walked with him.  Therefore Yeshua said to the twelve, "Do you{pl} not also wish to go?"  Simon Peter answered him, "Master, to whom shall we go?  You have the directions for life in this age; and we have believed, and have known that you are the Christ, son of the living God."  Yeshua answered them, "Did I not select the twelve of you{pl}, and one of you{pl} is a divider [diabolos]?"  He spoke of Judas of Simon Iscariot, for this one of the twelve, was about to betray him.

[Commentary] Greek Diabolos, a devil, meaning slanderer or false accuser.  Yeshua is obviously using this term metaphorically, since all the disciples were men.  His usage here and other places is no basis to believe in a literal sentient fallen angel being THE Devil.
     The larger issue concerns the meaning of the word "select", which does NOT have the same meaning as "choose", but rather may mean something more like "collect" or even "elect". Collecting or electing someone does NOT determine what they will believe or do with their volition.

31-FEAST OF TABERNACLES

John 7:1-13  After these things Yeshua went about in Galilee; he did not desire to go about in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill him.  Now the Jews' feast of Tabernacles was at hand.  So his brothers said to him, "Depart from here and go to Judea, so that your disciples may see the results which you do.  For no man does anything in secret when he seeks to be known in public.  If you do these things, reveal yourself to the world."  For even his brothers did not choose to believe in him.  Yeshua then says to them, "My time is not yet present, but your time is always ready.  The establishment cannot detest you{pl}, but it detests me because I testify about it that its results are evil.  Now, you{pl} go to this feast; I am not yet going to this feast, for I am not quite ready."  And saying these things to them, he remained in Galilee.

[Commentary] The word translated "establishment" here is Kosmos or world or universe, meaning that which is or that which has been established, and should be applied to the social, civil and religious power structures in this context.

But after his brothers went up to the feast, then he also went up, not openly but in secret.  The Jews were looking for him at the feast, and saying, "Where is that One?"  And there was much murmuring about him among the crowds.  While some said, "He is a good man," others said, "No, he deceives the masses."  Yet no one spoke openly of him for fear of the Jews.

[Commentary] Why did Yeshua go in secret? Probably to not infalme the growing division. His desire is clearly for unity, yet the nation was becoming more polarized, which continued up until his death.

32-TEACHING IN THE TEMPLE

John 7:14-36  In the middle of the feast Yeshua went up into the temple and taught.  And the Jews marveled, saying, "How does this man know what is written, never being taught?"  So Yeshua answered them, "My teaching is not just mine, but is of the one sending me,  If any man desires to do his will, he will understand whether the teaching is from God or whether I speak from myself.  The one who speaks from himself seeks his own glory; but he seeking the magnificence of the one sending him is credible, and in him there is no unreasonableness.

[Commentary] What did Yeshua teach? Was it the sacred Scriptures? No, yet he drew material from them and other written sources. It seems that he was often teaching the people how to think and reason for themselves, In doing so, he made it understood that he was NOT representing himself, but the Father entity.    

"Did not Moses give you{pl} the Old Testament law?  Yet none of you{pl} obeys this law.  Why do you{pl} seek to kill me?"  The people answered and said, "You must have a demon!  Who is seeking to kill you?"  Yeshua answered them, "I did one deed, and you{pl} all marvel.  Because this Moses has given circumcision (not that it is from Moses, but from the fathers), you{pl} will circumcise a man upon the Sabbath holiday.  If on the Sabbath holiday a man receives circumcision, and the law of Moses is not broken, why are you{pl} angry with me because I made a human being healthy on a Sabbath holiday?  Do not judge superficially, but judge reasonably."

[Commentary]  Much of Yeshua's teaching concerned the incredible inconsistencies and hypocrisies with which the whole population, from slave to high leadership, was living.
     The parenthetical phrase above about circumcision does not reflect the teaching of Yeshua, but rather the prevailing dogma of their religion. Circumcision, which generally is a good thing for hygiene and other reasons, would have been developed and adopted as a population health benefit.

Therefore some of the people of Jerusalem said, "Is not this the one they are seeking to kill?  Behold, he speaks publicly and they say nothing to him!  Perhaps the authorities really knew that this is indeed the Christ?  Yet we know from where this man comes; and when the Christ appears, no one knows from where."

[Commentary] John is portraying here some of the confusion and the confused reasoning of the people at that time.

Then Yeshua, teaching in the temple, cried out, saying, "You{pl} know me, and you{pl} comprehend where I come from?  Not of my own accord have I come; but the one sending me that you{pl} do not know, he is true.  I know him, for I AM from him, and that one sent me."  Then they sought to arrest him; but no one laid a hand on him, because his time had not yet come.  Yet many of the people believed in him and said, "When the Christ appears, will he do more significant things than this man has done?"

[Commentary] Yeshua was claiming that he was sent and authorized by God the Father, and yet many balked at accepting this. .Just because he was born into a human family was a reason to discount his ultimate credentials and credibility? Yeshua was challenging this shallow conclusion, which actually denied the efficacy of God's involvement at the time. They accepted that Moses was developed by God at an earlier time because it was easier to accept such a thing of the past. Just so the mindset is today.

The Pharisees heard the crowd murmuring these things about him, and the chief priests and Pharisees sent officers that they might arrest him.  Therefore Yeshua said to them, "Only a little while I am with you{pl} before I go to the one sending me; you{pl} will seek me and you{pl} will not find me; where I am you{pl} are not able to come."  The Jews then said to one another, "Where is this one about to go that we will not find him?  Is he not about to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks and teach the Greeks?  What is the meaning in which he said, 'You{pl} will seek me and you{pl} will not find me,' and, 'Where I am you{pl} are not able to come'?"

[Commentary] The Pharisees and chief priests were not normally in league, but probably came together because Yeshua was such a threat to the system. They were prepared to handle almost anything, even John the Baptist, but Yeshua was stealing the hearts of the people and doing miracles.

33-LAST DAY OF THE FEAST

John 7:37-52  On the last, the great day of the feast, Yeshua stood up and shouted out, "If any one thirst, let him come to me and drink.  He choosing what to believe within me, as the scripture has said, 'Out of his inner self will flow rivers of living water.'"  Now this he said about the Real meaning, which those who believed in him were about to receive; for not yet was the Real meaning, because Yeshua was not yet glorified.

[Commentary] Inner Self: Heart, inner core, or internal reference point of idealism.

Therefore many of the crowd hearing this message said, "This is really the prophet [Moses]"  Others said, "This is the Christ."  But others said, "The Christ does not come from Galilee, does he?  Has not the scripture said that the Christ comes out of the seed of David, and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David was?"  Then a division among the crowd took place because of him.  Some of them wanted to arrest him, but no one laid hands on him.

[Commentary] Much ado without even determining the facts.

The officers then came back and those chief priests and Pharisees said to them, "Why did you{pl} not bring him?"
     The officers answered, "Never a man spoke like this man!"
     The Pharisees answered them, "Haven't you{pl} also been deceived?  Have any of the leaders or of the Pharisees believed in him?  But this crowd, not knowing the law, are accursed."  Nicodemus, the one having come to him by night, and being one of them, says to them, "Does our law judge a man unless it first gives him a hearing and learns what he does?"  They answered and said to him, "Are you also from Galilee?  Search scripture and understand that a prophet has not been raised from Galilee." 

[Commentary] Never mind reason, protocol or decency. These hypocrites let some oblique argument from "scripture" settle important issues.

34-ADULTEROUS WOMAN BLAMELESS

John 8:1-11  They each went to his own house, but Yeshua went to the Mount of Olives.  At dawn he came again to the temple, and the people all came to him, and sitting he taught them.  The scribes and the Pharisees lead to him a woman having been caught in adultery, and standing her between them they said to him, "Teacher, this woman has been caught in the very act of committing adultery.  Now in the law Moses to us commanded that such women be stoned.  So what do you say?"  This they said testing him, that they might be able to accuse him.  Stooping down Yeshua wrote with his finger in the dirt, apparently not hearing.

[Commentary] Yeshua probably wrote various texts from the law where the penalty of violation was stoning, such as rebelliousness against parents, gluttony and various sexual acts.

And as they continued to question him, he standing back up said to them, "The one sinless among you{pl}, let him throw the first stone on her."  And once again stooping down he wrote in the dirt. But having understood and being convicted by their own way of thinking, one by one they went away, beginning with the oldest.  Yeshua was left alone with the woman standing before him.  And Yeshua standing back up and seeing only the woman said to her, "Woman, where are they, your accusers?"  Has no one condemned you?  She said, "No one, Sir."  And Yeshua said, "I don't blame you either; come, and sin no more."

[Commentary] Yeshua now probably wrote various specific things in a way such that, beginning with the oldest, they were self-convicted.
     The reader should remember that Yeshua defined sin as misunderstanding or having wrong, negative concepts of God's character, and sinning as reinforcing those wrong concepts. Since Yeshua always faithfully reflected the true character of god, no one sinned in his presence. The Greek construction here implies that upon being told that God did not blame her she was thereby then not sinning and should not fall back into thinking that God did blame her.
     To translate the instruction as “go” instead of “come” as is the usual case in published Bibles, is totally arbitrary, and flies in the face of Yeshua inviting people to come and follow him.

35-LIGHT OF THE WORLD

John 8:12-20  Then again Yeshua spoke to them, saying, "I am the light of the world; the one following me will in no way walk in darkness, but will have the light of life."  The Pharisees then said to him, "You witnessed about yourself; your testimony is not true."  Yeshua answered, "Even if I do witness about myself, my testimony is true, because I know from where I came and I go, but you{pl} do not know from where I come or where I go.  You{pl} judge according to the mundane perspective.  I judge no one.  Yet even if I did judge, my judgment is true, for it is not I alone but I and the one sending me, the Father.

[Commentary]  "will have the light of life." Will have the life source.
     "mundane perspective" means the usual, occluded, earthly viewpoint

"In your law it has been written that the testimony of two men is valid;  I AM THE ONE witnessing about myself, and he sending, the Father, witnesses about me."  Then they said to him, "Where is your Father?"  Yeshua answered, "You{pl} understand neither me nor my Father; if you{pl} understood me, you{pl} would understand my Father also."  These words Yeshua spoke in the treasury, teaching in the temple; but no one arrested him, because his time had not yet come.

[Commentary]  Yeshua made it clear that he was "the coming one", and the miracles vouched for the endorsement of God the Father.

36-DIE IN THEIR SINS

John 8:21-30  Yeshua therefore said again to them, "I go away, and you{pl} will seek me and just die in your sin.  Where I go, you{pl} are not able to come."  Then said the Jews, "Will he not kill himself, since he says, 'Where I go, you{pl} are not able to come'?"  He said to them, "You{pl} are from below, I am from beyond; you{pl} are of this world, I am not of this world.  Therefore I told you{pl} that you{pl} would die in your sins, for you{pl} WILL just die in your sins unless you{pl} believe that I AM THE ONE."  Then they said to him, "Who are you?"  Yeshua said to them, "Everything that I tell you{pl}.  I have much to say about you{pl} and much to decide; but the one sending me is true, and what I have heard from him, these things I declare to the world."

[Commentary] Rich or poor, famous or obscure, ethical or unethical, strong or weak, courageous or craven, healthy or sickly, the sentence of decay and death comes down with only ONE way out.

They did not understand that he spoke to them of the Father.  So Yeshua said to them, "When you{pl} exalt the Son of man, then you{pl} will understand that I AM THE ONE, and from myself I do nothing, but as my Father taught me.  And the one sending me is with me.  The Father has not left me alone, for I do the things pleasing to him always."  As he was saying these things, many chose to believe him.

[Commentary] Notice that Yeshua is claiming to be the "son of man" (human being) AND Jehovah (Yahweh), unfathomable to the orthodox Jew.

37-TRUE CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM

John 8:31-47  Yeshua then said to the Jews having chosen to believe within him, "If you{pl} stay within my teaching, you{pl} are truly my disciples, and you{pl} will understand the truth, and the truth will set you{pl} free."  They answered him, "We are descendants of Abraham, and have been enslaved to no one.  Never!  Why do you say, 'You{pl} will be set free'?"

[Commentary] Here is a key requirement and a key promise, to stay within his teaching.. As to being free, did they forget about the sojourn in Babylon? Were they in that much denial in terms of being under the Roman yoke?

Yeshua answered them, "Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, every one sinning is a slave to sin.  The slave does not stay in the dwelling place for this age; the son stays for this age.  So if the Son makes you{pl} free, you{pl} are really free indeed.  I know that you{pl} are descendants of Abraham; yet you{pl} seek to kill me, because my meaning finds no place in you{pl}.  I speak of what I have understood with my Father, and you{pl} do what you{pl} have understood from your father."

[Commentary]  Their core self or internal reference point of idealism was crusted over and buried with their false concepts and beliefs so that the truth or true meaning of Yeshua couldn't penetrate, stay or interact.

They answered him, "Abraham is our father."  Yeshua says to them, "If you{pl} were Abraham's children, you{pl} would do the type of works Abraham did.  But now you{pl} seek to kill me, a man who has spoken to you{pl} the truth which I heard from God; this is not what Abraham did.  You{pl} do what your father did."  They said to him, "We were not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God."

[Commentary] This whole confrontation and contentious argument was set up by the Jews dragging Mary Magdalene before him and bracing him with the challenge for him to condone stoning her. Yeshua did NOT provoke these kinds of confrontations.

Then Yeshua said to them, "If God were your Father, you{pl} would love me, for I went forth and have come from God; I came not from myself but the one that sent me.  Why do you{pl} not understand what I say?  It is because you{pl} cannot hear the meaning of my words.  You{pl} are of your father the divider, and your way is to do your father's wrong desires.  That one was a killer from the beginning, and has not stood within the truth, because there is no truth in him.  When he speaks the lie, he speaks out of his own ideas, for he is a liar and the father of it.  But, because I now tell the truth, you{pl} do not choose to believe me.  Which of you{pl} convicts me of being wrong?  If I tell the truth, why do you{pl} not believe me?  He who is for God understands the words of God; the reason why you{pl} do not understand them is that you{pl} are not for God."

[Commentary]  Yeshua is simply describing them as having their minds closed to the goodness of God. The great "Divider", Sin, a negative concept of God kept them from seeing and hearing the true intent and meaning of what he was doing and saying.

38-BEFORE ABRAHAM I AM

John 8:47-59  Then the Jews answered and said to him, "Don't we say right that you are a Samaritan and have a demon?"  Yeshua answered, "I don't have a demon; but I honor my Father, and you{pl} dishonor me.  Yet I do not seek my own glory; there is One seeking and judging.  Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, if any one keeps within my words of reason, in no way will he see death ever."  The Jews said to him, "Now we have known that you have a demon.  Abraham died, and the prophets; and you say, 'If any one keeps my words of reason, he will in no way taste death ever.'  They said, "Are you greater than our father Abraham, who died?  Also the prophets died! Who do you claim to be!!?"

[Commentary] Here is the reiteration of the requirement and the promise, to keep within his words of reason. Here is a very clear statement about the promise of imminent immortality, and the Jews clearly understood what he was saying. Of course, they couldn't believe that.

Yeshua answered, "If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing; it is my Father glorifying me, whom you{pl} say your God is.  You{pl} have not understood him; but I know him, and if I say I don't know him, I shall be a liar like you{pl}; but I do know him and I keep his words of reason.  Your father Abraham leaped for joy that he might see my day; he saw it and rejoiced."  The Jews then said to him, "You are not yet fifty years old, and you have seen Abraham?"  Yeshua said to them, "Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, I AM THE ONE before Abraham came into being."  Then they took up stones to throw on him; but Yeshua was hidden, and went out of the temple, passing through the midst of them this way.

[Commentary] This is the first time that Yeshua openly and plainly claimed to be God, which to the Jews was blasphemy deserving stoning

39-BLIND BEGGAR HEALED

John 9:1-12  And passing by, he saw a man blind from birth.  His disciples asked him, "Rabbi, who sinned, this one or his parents, that he was born blind?"  Yeshua answered, "Not that either this man sinned, or his parents, but that the results of God might be demonstrated in him.  It behooves me to produce the results of him who sent me, while it is day.  Night comes, when no one is able to produce.  When I am in the world, I am the light of the world."  Saying these things, he spat on some dirt and made clay of the spittle and applied the clay to the blind man's eyes, saying to him, "Go, wash in the pool of Siloam", which translated is 'Having Been Sent'.  So he went and washed and returned, seeing. 

[Commentary] Yeshua is not here implying that the man's parents were sinless nor that God caused the man born to be blind.  He is merely shifting the issue away from the dumb question to the present opportunity for God to be glorified in the literal and symbolic miracle of healing the blind man.

Then the neighbors and those seeing him before as a blind man, said, "Is not this the one sitting and begging?"  Others said, "This is he"; others said, "No, but he looks like him."  That one said, "I am the one."  Then they said to him, "How were your eyes opened?"  That one answered and said, "The man called Yeshua made clay and applied it to my eyes and said to me, 'Go to the pool of Siloam and wash'.  Going and washing, I received my sight."  They said to him, "Where is that one?"  He says, "I do not know." 

40-HEALED BEGGAR QUESTIONED

John 9:13-23  They brought the man once blind to the Pharisees.  Now it was a holy day when Yeshua made the clay and opened his eyes.  Again the Pharisees also asked him how he had received sight.  And he said to them, "He put clay on my eyes, and I washed, and I see."  Then some of the Pharisees said, "This man is not from God, for he does not keep the holy day."  Others said, "How can a man, a sinner, do such signs?" So there was a division among them.

[Commentary]  Note that this division was a theological one. If we understood the truth, there would be no division. The lie of Sin is the Devil, the divider.

They again say to the blind man, "What do you say about him, because he opened your eyes?"  He said, "He is a prophet."  Therefore the Jews did not believe this about him, that he was blind and received sight, until they called the parents of the man receiving his sight; and they asked them, "Is this your son, whom you{pl} say was born blind?  How then does he just now see?"  His parents answered and said, "We know that this is our son, and that he was born blind; but how he now sees we do not know, nor who opened his eyes.  He has full age, ask him; he will speak for himself."  His parents said these things because they feared the Jews, since the Jews had already agreed that if any one should profess Him to be Christ, he would be expelled from the synagogue.  Because of this his parents said, "He has full age, ask him."

[Commentary]  Amazing, that honest people would be afraid of being expelled. Better to leave before you are disfellowshipped.

41-BEGGAR QUESTIONED SECOND TIME

John 9:24-34  Therefore the second time they called the man who was blind, and said to him, "Give the credit to God; we know that this man is a sinner."  Then that one answered and said, "If he is a sinner, I do not know; one thing I know, that being blind, just now I see."  They said to him again, "What did he do to you?  How did he open your eyes?"  He answered them, "I told you{pl} already, and you{pl} did not listen.  Why do you{pl} want to hear it again?  Do you{pl} also want to become his disciples?"

[Commentary]  This latter question implies that they were very circumspect in their questioning and didn't tip their agenda hand.

Then they reviled him and said, "You are his disciple, but we are disciples of Moses.  We know that God has spoken by Moses, but this man, we know not from where he comes."  The man answered and said, "Why, this is amazing!  You{pl} do not know where he comes from, yet he opened my eyes.  We believe that God does not listen to sinful ones, but if any one respects God and does his will, this one He hears.  Not since this age began has it been heard that any one opened the eyes of a man born blind.  If this man were not from God, he could do nothing."  They answered and said to him, "You were born entirely in sin, and you teach us?"  And they expelled him.

[Commentary]  It is ever thus: Those that are cloaked with authority do not want to learn or serve, but want to rule andretain their facade and advantage.

42-BLINDNESS TO TRUTH

John 9:35-41  Yeshua heard that they threw him out, and finding him he said, "Do you choose to believe in the Son of man?"  That one answered and said, "Who is he, sir, that I may choose to believe in him?"  Yeshua said to him, "You have even seen him, and he is the one speaking with you."  He said, "Master, I choose to believe"; and he worshiped him.  Yeshua said, "For this justice I came into this world, that those not seeing may see, and that those seeing may become blind."  And some of the Pharisees near him heard these things and said to him, "Are we also blind?"  Yeshua said to them, "If you{pl} were blind, you{pl} would not have sin; but since you{pl} say, 'We see,' your sin is going to remain."

[Commentary]  There is a great lesson here. Until we are in the Kingship of the Heavens, we should not make ultimate claims of seeing or having seeing or having THE TTRUTH.

43-PARABLE OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD

John 10:1-18  "Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, he not entering the sheepfold by the door but climbing in by another way, that one is a thief and a robber; but he entering by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.  To this one the gatekeeper opens; the sheep hear his voice, and his own sheep he calls by name and leads them out.  When he passes his own sheep, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him, because they know his voice.  And in no way should they follow a stranger, but they will shy away from him, because they don't know the stranger's voice."  This allegory Yeshua used with them, but they did not understand what he spoke to them.

[Commentary]  The claim is being made here that there is only ONE source for ultimate, saving truth.

So Yeshua again said to them, "Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, I am the door of the sheep.  All who came before me are thieves and robbers; but the sheep did not listen to them.  I am the door; if any one enters through me, he will be saved, and will go in and will go out and find pasture.  The thief comes only that he may steal and kill and destroy; I came that they may have life, and have it abundantly.  I am the good shepherd.  The good shepherd lays down his psyche <life or soul> for the sheep.

[Commentary]  Note that the claim is "All who came before me are thieves and robbers." Does this mean all good men? All philosophers? All benefactors of humanity? No, this does not characterize good men in any way EXCEPT that they are robbing the people by distraction, by not focusing on the ultimate issues and demanding answers. Decay and death should have NEVER been acceptable, and as long as you have death in your future, you are dying , not truly living. How many spiritual leaders, rather than reinforcing the dogma, distracting or comforting the people, are stirring them to challenge their belief system and demand what we all want and need?

"The hireling, not even being a shepherd, whose sheep are not his own, sees the wolf coming and forsakes the sheep and flees; and the wolf snatches them and scatters the sheep.  Now the hireling flees because he is a hireling and cares nothing for the sheep.  I am the good shepherd; I know my own and my own know me.  As the Father knows me, I also know the Father; and I lay down my psyche  for the sheep.

[Commentary] The word "psyche" means the personal aenda, pattern and content of life.

"And I have other sheep, which are not of this fold; it is right for me to lead them also, and they will understand my voice, and will become one flock, with one shepherd.  Therefore the Father loves me, because I lay down my psyche, that I may take it again.  No one takes it from me, but I lay it down by myself.  I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it again; this commission I received from my Father."

[Commentary] Yeshua is hereby saying that he was laying down any personal agenda and possibly even going to die by his own choice.

44-DIVISION AMONG THE JEWS

John 10:19-21  There again was a division among the Jews because of specifically these words.  Many of them said, "He has a demon, and he is insane; why listen to him?"  Others said, "These are not the words of one demon-possessed.  Is a demon able to open the eyes of the blind?"

[Commentary]  This division went away when their own religion, power and control were at stake later on.

45-PUBLIC DECLARATION

John 10:22-42  It was winter when the feast of the Dedication at Jerusalem occurred.  Yeshua was walking in the temple, in the portico of Solomon.  Then the Jews surrounded him and said to him, "How long will it be until you lift our morale?  If you are the Christ, tell us publicly."  Yeshua answered them, "I told you{pl}, and you{pl} do not choose to believe.  The works that I do in my Father's authority, these testify about me; but you{pl} do not choose to believe, because you{pl} do not belong to my sheep.  As I said to you, my sheep listen to MY voice, and I know them, and they follow ME;  and I give them everlasting life, and in no way will they die in this age, and no one shall snatch them out of my hand.  My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father's hand.  I and the Father are unified."

[Commentary]  Remember that they were waiting for and expecting a Christ or Messiah to restore their earthly kingdom. It is important to note that this was partly legitimate, since they were being oppressed by the Romans. They thought that they needed a leader to pull them together and rally them to victory, and then ascend to supremacy in the world.
     Obviously, the herby referenced "sheep" would have been open to a greater vision, one that would have a greater salvation and solve the entire human condition and restore harmony to the universe.

Therefore the Jews again picked up stones that they might stone him.  Yeshua answered them, "I showed you{pl} many good results from the Father; for which result do you{pl} stone me?"  The Jews answered him, saying, "It is not for a good result that we stone you but for blasphemy, and because you, being a man, make yourself God."

[Commentary]  Here is the Original Sin being highlighted. God must be superior, one who must be obeyed and served. God could NOT be a mere human. Yeshua challenged the most foundational aspect of the religious belief, and of course, they were not secure enough to ignore it.

Yeshua answered them, "Hasn't it been written in your law, 'I said, you{pl} are gods'?  If he called gods those to whom THE EXPRESSION OF REASON of God came–and scripture cannot be broken–those whom the Father consecrated and sent into the world, do you say, 'You are blaspheming,' because I said, 'I am the Son of God'?  If I don't do the works of my Father, then do not believe me.  But if I do, even though you{pl} do not choose to believe me, believe the results that you{pl} may know and understand that the Father is in me and I am in the Father."  Again they sought to arrest him, but he escaped from their hands.

[Commentary] It is important to understand that Yeshua is using their own scripture and dogma to reason with the Jews. He came straight to the point of equating humans with Gods.
      Since he was using their belief and logic ot reason with them, we mustn't take "and scripture cannot be broken" literally or as his endorsement of their writings as the word of God.

He went away again across the Jordan to the place where John was at first baptizing, and remained there.  And many came to him and said, "John did no significant thing, but everything that John said about this man was true."  And many chose to believe in him there.

[Commentary] The belief that is referred to by John here was the simple acceptance of his being the Messiah, not the deeper belief called for by Yeshua.

46-DEATH OF LAZARUS

John 11:1-16  And a certain man was sick, Lazarus of Bethany, the village of Mary and Martha her sister.  It was the Mary applying ointment to the Lord and wiping his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.  So the sisters sent to him, saying, "Master, behold, the one you love is sick."  Upon hearing this Yeshua said, "This illness is not for death, but for the glory of God, so that the Son of God may be glorified by means of it."

[Commentary]  Even though Lazarus died, the whole series of events culminated in showing the power of the Father and Yeshua over death.

Now Yeshua loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus.  Yet when he heard that he was sick, he stayed two more days in the place where he was.  Then after this he says to the disciples, "Let us go to Judea again."  The disciples said to him, "Rabbi, the Jews were now seeking to stone you, and do you go there again?"  Yeshua answered, "Are there not twelve hours in the daylight?  If any one walks in the daytime, he does not stumble, because he sees in the light of this world.  But if any one walks in the darkness, he stumbles, because the light is not with him."

[Commentary]  This is Yeshua's way of telling them, who didn't know what they were doing (walking in the darkness), to listen to him, who did know what he was doing (walking in the light), and not tell him what to do.

These things he spoke, and then he said to them, "Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep, but I am going that I might awaken him."  The disciples said to him, "Master, if he has slept he will recover."  But Yeshua had spoken of his death, yet they thought that he spoke of slumber in sleep.  Then Yeshua told them plainly, "Lazarus has died; and I rejoice for your sake because I was not there, that you{pl} may choose to believe.  But let us go to him."  Thomas, called the Twin, said to his fellow disciples, "Let us go, that we also may die with him."

[Commentary]  It is clear that Yeshua deliberately waited until Lazarus died, so that he could then go and resurrect him after being in the tomb for four days.
     Thomas was well aware of the risk of going back to Judea and encountering those in power looking to kill them. Not ONE of Yeshua's friends and followers expected nor believed a resurrection was possible at that time. We think the good  stuff is never imminent, but always off in the distant future.

47-YESHUA TALKS WITH MARTHA

John 11:17-27  When coming, Yeshua found him being held in the tomb already four days.  Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles away, and many of the Jews had come to be around Martha and Mary that they might console them concerning their brother.  When Martha heard that Yeshua is coming, she met him, while Mary was sitting in the house.  Then Martha said to Yeshua, "Master, if you were here, my brother would not be dead, because I still know that whatever you ask from God, God will give you."

[Commentary]  Mary and Martha had sent, in plenty of time and at considerable expense, a messenger to find Yeshua and tell him that Lazarus was sick. Now Martha greets him with an implied accusation of not caring enough to come in time so that God could honor his request to heal Lazarus, and keep him alive.

Yeshua declares to her, "Your brother will rise again."  Martha says to him, "I understand that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day."  Yeshua said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life source; the one choosing what he believes within me, though he finished dying, yet shall he live, but anyone LIVING and believing within me in no way shall die ever.  DO YOU BELIEVE THIS?"  She said to him, "Well, sir; I have believed that you are the Christ, the Son of God who comes into the world."

[Commentary] This is one of the most insightful and important passages in the Gospels. Yeshua made two important, wonderful statements, and then asked Martha if she believed what he said. Martha dodged this binary question and gave an oblique, deflecting answer as to what she has believed. Martha was an apt representative of the humans on earth. We are generally not willing to give honest answers to the critical questions even to God, much less to ourselves.

48-YESHUA TALKS WITH MARY

John 11:28-37  Having said these things, she went and discretely called her sister Mary, saying, "The Teacher is here and calls you."  And as she heard, she rises quickly and comes to him.  Now Yeshua had not yet come to the village, but was in the place where Martha met him.  Then those Jews being with her in the house and consoling her, seeing that Mary quickly rose and went out, followed her, gathering that she goes to the tomb that she may weep there.
     Then Mary, when she came to where Yeshua was and seeing him, fell at his feet, saying to him, "Master, if you were here, my brother would not have died."  Then Yeshua, as he saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her weeping, himself seriously agitated in spirit and deeply troubled, said, "Where have you{pl} put him?"  They say to him, "Sir, come and see."  Yeshua shed tears, so the Jews said, "See how he loved him!"  But some of them said, "Was this one, opening the eyes of the blind, not able also to arrange that this man should not die?"

[Commentary]  Mary braces Yeshua with the same plaint that Martha expressed. Even the Jews echoed this question, "What good is it to have a friend that can heal, if he doesn't care enough to come when you really are in need?"
     The REALLY significant question is, What was Yeshua so troubled about? Why did he weep? This question is never answered sufficiently in Christendom, because the answer is starkly incompatible with Christian dogma. He couldn't have been weeping for Lazarus, because Lazarus was dead but going to be resurrected shortly. He couldn't have been weeping for Martha's and Mary's sorrow, because it was going to be turned into joy in a few minutes. He was weeping for a MUCH greater travesty that he now had to realize and  embrace. Even his closest friends, Martha and Mary could not really pay close enough attention and believe, and he and the Father were going to have to go to the plan of last resort to save a stupefied human race, a plan that involved his crucifixion, and a plan that would come to fruition some unknown day apparently in the distant future.

49-LAZARUS RESURRECTED

John 11:38-44  Then Yeshua, again deeply troubled in himself, comes to the tomb.  It was a cave, and a stone was lying on it.  Yeshua says, "Lift the stone."  Martha, the sister of the dead man, says to him, "Master, by this time he stinks, for it is four days."  Yeshua says to her, "Did I not tell you that if you believe you will see the magnificence of God?"

[Commentary] Again, the question that DEMANDS an answer is: Why was Yeshua "deeply troubled"?

Then they lifted the stone from over where the dead man was laid.  And Yeshua raised his sight upward and said, "Father, I thank you that you heard me.  I knew that you always hear me, but I said this because of the group standing by, that they may choose to believe that you sent me."  After saying these things, he cried out with a loud voice, "Lazarus! Here! Outside!"  And the one having died came out, his hands and feet bound with sheets, and his face wrapped with a cloth.  Yeshua says to them, "Unbind him, and let him go."

Commentary: This whole passage and scenario raises some serious and even troubling questions, the greatest of which are:

Did Yeshua do Lazarus a favor?
Did Yeshua raise Lazarus only to have him repeat the process of dying, either through accident, disease, or the "normal" process of dying from that most insidious, "inevitable" process, aging?

I am not sure that I would want that kind of favor from God. In fact, upon reflection, I am sure that I would NOT want that. If I have finished the process of dying, however that may have taken place, don't set me up to go through it all again. Just wake me up at the "resurrection of the last day"!

More questions

How could Yeshua justify doing that to Lazarus and using him this way?
If Lazarus didn't die again, what DID happen to him?
Was this whole experience a springboard for the three siblings to finally come awake?
Were they part of the first fruits that were gathered to a better situation at the resurrection of Yeshua?
If so, what about the rest of us? Why don't we get treated to a wonderful, tangible exposition of God's power and life-oriented intention like they did?
How are we expected to believe the best when we haven't even had the tangible experience of Yeshua, much less such a dramatic demonstration of life-restoring power for a family member?
Is this the time and place to mention what Yeshua said to Thomas in the upper room after his resurrection?

50-BETTER FOR ONE MAN TO DIE

John 11:45-57  Therefore many of those Jews coming with Mary and having seen what Yeshua did, chose to believe within him; but some of them went to the Pharisees and told them what Yeshua had done.  So the chief priests and the Pharisees assembled the Sanhedrin council, and said, "What are we doing?  For this man accomplishes many significant things.  Thus if we let him be, every one will choose to believe within him, and the Romans will come and take both our country and our people."  But one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, "You{pl} understand nothing at all; nor do you{pl} consider that it is expedient for us that one man die, for the people, and not have the whole nation perish."  But he did not say this from himself, but being high priest that year he prophesied that Yeshua was about to die for the nation, and not for the nation only, but that he also might gather into one the children of God having been scattered.

[Commentary]  Caiaphas made the argument that was convincing, against all protocol, decency and propriety. Saving the form of the religion, the system and its policies was more important than to do justice for one innocent but troublesome individual.
     John's commentary indicates that he hadn't completely gotten over his primitive theological beliefs. God does not take control of men--even religious leaders--and force them to speak what he wants them to say.

So from that day on they plotted that they might kill him. Yeshua therefore no longer walked about openly among the Jews, but went away from there to the country near the desert, to a walled town called Ephraim; and there he stayed with the disciples.
     Now the Passover of the Jews was imminent, and before the Passover many went up from the country to Jerusalem that they might purify themselves.  Then they looked for Yeshua and said to one another standing in the temple, "How does it seem to you?  That he comes not to the feast at all?"  Now also the chief priests and the Pharisees had given orders that if any one knew where he was, he should inform them so they might arrest him.

[Commentary]  How did John know what they talked about if he didn't question some of them afterwards?

51-MARY ANOINTS YESHUA

John 12:1-11  Six days before the Passover, Yeshua came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, he who died and whom Yeshua had raised from the dead.  Then they made him a supper there and Martha served, and Lazarus was one of those lounging with him.  Then Mary, taking a pound of expensive ointment of pure spikenard, anointed the feet of Yeshua and wiped off his feet with her hair; and the house was filled with the fragrance of the ointment.

[Commentary]  Mary and Martha may be sterling educational examples for many followers of Yeshua. They obviously cherished him dearly, and Mary spent an inordinate amount on the ointment that she lavished on his feet. On the other hand,, she and Martha were evidently Yeshua's last and best hope for SOMEONE to LISTEN to what he was saying about salvation of imminent immortality, and neither one did. Neither one of these loving followers had taken the inward journey and looked honestly at what they wanted and needed from God. Instead of ardor, can it be that knowing ourselves combined with the intellectual integrity of our belief system is what really makes the difference?

But Judas of Simon Iscariot, one of his disciples and the one being about to betray him, says, "Why was this ointment not sold for three hundred denarii and given to the poor?"  This he said, not because he cared for the poor but because he was a thief and held the money box, and took away that being put into it.  Therefore Yeshua said, "Allow her this; she has kept it for the day of my burial.  For the poor you{pl} continue to have with you{pl}, but you{pl} do not continue to have me."

[Commentary]  It is remarkable to see the contrast between the way Yeshua treated the religious authorities and the way he treated Judas. He called the former "hypocrites",  "whitewashed sepulchers", and "viper's brood". Judas was a thief and a personal traitor, and sold out Yeshua for thirty pieces of silver. He has been vilified quite thoroughly by Christendom into the penultimate traitor. Yet, what the religious authorities were doing was FAR WORSE!. Judas was a weak man who stole a relatively small amount of money and betrayed a personal trust, The religious authorities were strong men that were keeping a whole NATION of people from being open to the truth and becoming representatives to the other nations and peoples. THEY were dooming the WORLD to more than a dozen hundred years of misery. No comparison.

When the great crowd of the Jews learned that he was there, they came, not only because of Yeshua but also that they might see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.  But the chief priests plotted that they might kill Lazarus also, because many through him left Judaism and believed in Yeshua.

[Commentary]  The despicable actions that men will take to protect false religions are unsurpassed by those done for any other reason.

52-TRIUMPHAL ENTRY INTO JERUSALEM

John 12:12-19  On the next day a massive crowd, coming to the feast and hearing that Yeshua was coming to Jerusalem, took branches of palm trees and went out to meet him, and cried out, "Hosanna! Blessed is he coming in the name of the Lord, the King of Israel!"  And Yeshua, finding a young ass, sat upon it; even as it has been written,

"Fear not, daughter of Zion.  Behold, your king comes, sitting on the foal of an ass!"

His disciples did not understand these things at first; but when Yeshua was glorified, then they remembered that these things were already written of him, and that they did these things to him.  Thus witnessed the crowd that was with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead.  This is why the crowd went to meet him; because they heard he had done this significant thing.  The Pharisees then said to themselves, "Observe, that you{pl} gain nothing; behold, the world has gone after him."

[Commentary]  A form of a Hebrew verb, the word HOSANNA means "deliver us now" or "rescue us now" or "save us now".  It was a DEMAND, NOT directly a form of praise. The crowd literally expected Yeshua to begin immediately to save them politically, militarily and socially by becoming their king.  I contrast, HIS interest was in then healing them spiritually and elevating them to something far higher and better.
     In John's understanding the Parousia and the Apocalypse, the glorification and revealing of God finished taking place at the cross and the resurrection.

53-HOUR HAS COME

John 12:20-36  Now some of those going up that they might worship at the feast were Greeks.  So these came up to Philip, the one from Bethsaida in Galilee, and said to him, "Sir, we wish to see Yeshua."  Philip comes and tells Andrew, and again Andrew and Philip tell Yeshua.  And Yeshua answers them, saying, "The time has come that the Son of man should be glorified.  Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, unless the grain of wheat falling into the earth dies, it remains alone; but if it has died, it bears much fruit.  He loving his psyche  loses it, and he who despises his psyche in this world will keep it for everlasting life.  If any one serves mine, let him follow me; and where I am, there will my servant be also.  If any one serves mine, the Father will honor him.

[Commentary]  Life structure and activities in this world combined with an inadequate self-identity based on external or superficial things.
      "serves mine" means serves my activities, intentions and purpose.

"Now my psyche is troubled.  And what may I say?  'Father, save me from this time'?  But for this purpose I have come to this hour.  Father, glorify your name." Then a voice came from heaven, "I both glorified it and will glorify it again."  Then the crowd standing and hearing said that it had thundered.  Others said, "An angel has spoken to him."  Yeshua answered, "This voice has come not for me, but for you.  Now is the judgment of this world, now shall the measure of this world be thrown out; and I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself."

[Commentary]  To the ancient Greeks, this word "measure" meant the essence, standard operative principle or dominant theme.  Sometimes translated "ruler" in that a leader or ruler symbolizes the zeitgeist of his age.

This he said showing by what kind of death he was about to die.  The crowd answered him, "We read out of the Old Testament canon that the Christ remains for the age.  How can you say that it is proper for the Son of man to be lifted up?  Who is this Son of man?"  Then Yeshua said to them, "The light is with you{pl} for only a little time.  Walk while you{pl} have the light, lest the darkness overtake you{pl}; for the one walking in the darkness does not know where he is going.  While you{pl} have the light, choose what you{pl} believe in the light, that you{pl} may become sons of light."  Yeshua spoke these things, and departing, he hid himself from them.

[Commentary]  Only the Originator KNOWS the truth from himself; everyone else must choose to believe. Light illuminates the reality so that it may be seen. The message and deeds of Yeshua shed fulsome light on the character, purpose, plan and values of the Creator so that all may see.

54-BLIND TO BELIEF

John 12:37-43  Even with his having done so many significant things before them, they did not believe in him that the message of the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled where he said:
     "Lord, who has believed our report, and the arm of the Lord, to whom was it revealed?"
Therefore they could not believe, for Isaiah again said,

"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart,
 that they might not see with their eyes,
 and understand with their heart,
 and be converted, and I should heal them."

These things Isaiah said when he saw his magnificence and spoke of him.  Nevertheless many even of the authorities believed in him, but because of the Pharisees, they were not professing, lest they should be put out of the synagogue: for they loved the respect of men more than the respect of God.

[Commentary]  The enemy, concepts about God that miss the mark by being demeaning, had blinded their eyes.

55-HIS WORD WILL BE JUDGE

John 12:44-50  And Yeshua cried out and said, "The one choosing what to believe within me, is choosing what to believe not within me but within him who sent me.  And he coming to a knowledge of me comes to a knowledge of him who sent me. I have come as a light to the world, that whoever choosing what to believe within me may not remain in darkness.  If any one hears my words <directions or instructions> and does not choose what to believe within them, I do not judge him; for I came not that I might judge the world but that I might save the world.  The one rejecting me and not receiving my words <directions or instructions> has that judging him; the EXPRESSION OF REASON that I spoke will be his judge in the end.  For I have not just spoken for myself; the Father who sent me has himself given me command over what logic I may use and what I may speak. And I know that his directive is everlasting life.  Therefore, what things I reason I reason as the Father has said to me."

[Commentary]  Or, "He conceiving me conceives the one sending me."  This is the answer or solution for sin, sin being a wrong, negative conception of any aspect of God, such as his psyche, character, purpose, plan or values.

56-SERVING THE DISCIPLES

John 13:1-20  Now before the feast of the Passover, with Yeshua knowing that the time had come to depart from this world to the Father, having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end.  Supper having started, and the Divider already having put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him, Yeshua, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he came from God and is going to God, arises from supper, lays aside his garments, and girded himself by taking a towel.  Then he put water into a basin, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them off with the towel with which he was girded.

[Commentary]  The Diabolos, a slanderer and divider, the original sin put it into the heart of Judas.

Then he came to Simon Peter; and that one said to him, "Master, do you wash my feet?"  Yeshua answered him and said to him, "What I am doing you do not understand yet, but afterward you will understand."  Peter says to him, "You may in no way wash my feet ever."  Yeshua answered him, "Unless I wash you, you have no part in me."  Simon Peter says to him, "Master, not my feet only but also my hands and my head!"  Yeshua says to him, "He having bathed has no need other than to wash his feet, but he is clean all over; and you{pl} are somewhat clean, but not all clean."  For he knew the one betraying him; for this reason he said, "You{pl} are not all clean."

[Commentary]  It is clear that Peter was unprepared to believe that Yeshua would rather serve than be served. These disciples, especially Peter, who influenced the early church, NEVER got it right.

After he washed their feet he took his garments.  Reclining again, he said to them, "Do you{pl} understand what I have done to you{pl}?  You{pl} call me the Teacher and the Master; and you{pl} say right, for so I am.  If I then, your Master and Teacher, washed your feet, you{pl} also ought to wash one another's feet.  For I gave you{pl} an example, that as I did to you{pl}, you{pl} should do also.

[Commentary]  Rather than understand the PRINCIPLE of service and humility, they turned it into a ceremony  called "the ordinance of humility, and continue to perform this now empty ritual, washing each other's clean feet. Appallingly shallow!

Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, a servant is not greater than his master; nor a messenger greater than the one sending him.  If you{pl} understand these things, blessed are you{pl} if you{pl} do them.  I don't speak concerning all of you{pl}; I know whom I picked out, but that the scripture be fulfilled,   'The one eating bread with me lifted his heel against me.'  Right now I tell you{pl}, before the event, that when it happens you{pl} may believe that I AM THE ONE. Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, he receiving any one whom I send receives me; and he receiving me receives the one sending me."

[Commentary]  These words and this prophecy were on of Yeshua's last attempts to steer them right as to the truth about the Creator.

57-JUDAS IDENTIFIED AS BETRAYER

John 13:21-30  Upon saying these things, Yeshua was troubled in his spirit, and testified, "Truly, truly, I say to you{pl} that one of you{pl} will betray me."  The disciples then looked at one another, being perplexed about whom he speaks.  One of his disciples, whom Yeshua loved[*], was reclining on part of Yeshua' garment; so Simon Peter beckons to this one to ask about whom it might be that he speaks.  And that one leaning on the breast of Yeshua said to him, "Master, who is it?"  Yeshua answers, "It is that one to whom I shall give this morsel after having dipped it."

[Commentary]  [*] The word hereby selected by John is a form of the Greek word agape, not phileo, which implies that this love was not sensual nor superficial.

Dipping the morsel, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.  After the morsel, Satan then entered into him.  Then Yeshua says to him, "What you do, do quickly."  But no one at the table understood why he said this to him.  Some thought because Judas had the money bag, Yeshua tells him, "Buy what things we need for the feast"; or, that he should give something to the poor.  Upon receiving the morsel, that one immediately went out; and it was night.

[Commentary]  Judas evidently was paying attention, but some of the other disciples were not. Apparently, they thought that they had a nice little club, and having a nice little Passover dinner. Rather than always insisting on understanding what the Master was meaning, they had gotten used to his enigmatic speech, and were oblivious to what Yeshua was talking about. He was the miracle worker he loved them, and they basked in that love. Why bother to understand all his mysterious statements?

58-DISCIPLES THROUGH LOVE

John 13:31-35  When he went, Yeshua says, "Now appears the Son of man, and in him God appears; if God appears in him, God will both appear in him as himself, and honor him at once.  Children, I am with you{pl} a little more.  You{pl} will seek me; and as I said to the Jews <Zionists> I now say also to you{pl}, 'Where I go you{pl} are not able to come.'  A new directive I give to you{pl}, that you{pl} love one another as I loved you{pl}, that way you{pl} also should love one another.  By this will all men know that you{pl} are my disciples, if you{pl} have love for one another."

[Commentary]  Using the words "God will appear in him as himself" Yeshua is talking about how the true character and values of God would be showcased by him and in him at the crucifixion.
     Loving one another as brothers, is THE way that others may KNOW and identify true disciples.

59-PETER'S ARROGANCE

John 13:36-38  Simon Peter says to him, "Master, where do you go?"  Yeshua answered him, "Where I go you are not able now to follow me; but later you will follow me."  Peter says to him, "Master, why am I not able to follow you now?  I will lay down my psyche for you."  Yeshua answers him, "Will you lay down your psyche for me?  Truly, truly, I say to you, the cock will in no way crow, until you have denied me three times."

[Commentary]  The word psyche means the normal life agenda, course, pattern or fulfillment content. Here, Peter may mean to imply his physical life, but Peter does not know himself, and is being brash.

60-THE WAY, THE TRUTH, THE LIFE

John 14:1-14  "Let not your minds be troubled; choose what to believe in God, choose what to believe also in me.  In my Father's realm are many members. Otherwise, I would have told you{pl}.  I go to prepare a situation for you{pl}, and when I go and prepare a situation for you{pl}, I am coming again and will receive you{pl} to myself, that where I am you{pl} may be also.  And you{pl} know where I go, and you{pl} know the way."

[Commentary]  This word "realm" means "house", as in family dynasty, lieage or structure.
     The word translated "members" probably means something equivalent to "magnificent dwelling situations", or it may mean "living situations", or even "living entities". The KJV translation of "mansions" is incredibly shallow and materialistic.
     The phrase "I am coming again" is a reference to his being resurrected and being with them before his ascension, NOT a reference to the traditional "2nd coming".
     "The way" is the way into the Kingship of the heavens, the Kingship extended to us by God.

Thomas says to him, "Master, we do not know where you go; and how can we know the way?"  Yeshua says to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life source; no one comes to the Father, except through ME.  If you{pl} had understood ME, you{pl} would have understood my Father also; and from now on you{pl} do see him and have experienced him."

[Commentary]  There should be no mysticism or hidden meaning here. The "way" is understanding, which leads to natural spiritual growth and maturity! Certainly not church-going, holy day observance, symbol manipulation,, rituals nor ceremonies. certainly not "obedience", nor law keeping, nor "earning".
     The DID se and experience the Passion Play, but most never did understand.

Philip says to him, "Master, show us the Father, and it satisfies us."  Yeshua said to him, "Am I with you{pl} so long a time, and you do not understand me, Philip?  The one understanding me has conceived the Father. How can you say, 'Show us the Father'?  Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father in me?  The directions that I say to you{pl} I speak not from myself, but the Father who remains in me; He does the works. Be persuaded by <believe> me that I am in the Father and the Father in me; or else be persuaded by me for the sake of the results themselves.

[Commentary]   Yeshua is saying here that the Father is directing this significant unfolding of events, and he is asking them to believe this because he tells them, or at least believe because of the miracles.

"Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, the one choosing what to believe within ME will also produce the results that I do; and greater than these will he produce, BECAUSE I go to the Father.  Whatever you{pl} may ask in what I authorize, I will do it, that the Father may be glorified in the Son; if you{pl} ask anything in my authority, I will do it."

[Commentary]  There is a HUGE disconnect between these promises and what has happened since. Christendom is deeply in denial of this, can't understand what is wrong, and therefore can't see it or admit it.

61-PROMISE OF PARACLETE

John 14:15-24  "If you{pl} love me, you{pl} will keep MY directives.  And I will ask the Father, and he will give you{pl} another Paraclete, to remain with you{pl} forever, even the Spirit of the love of truth, whom the world is not able to receive, because it neither contemplates him nor perceives him; but you{pl} perceive him, for he remains with you{pl}, and will be in you{pl}.

[Commentary] The word "paraclete" denotes a person who is so capable, because of size, strength, intelligence, experience or some combination of these, that when you are in their presence you know you are safe from harm or being fooled, scammed or led astray.

"I will not leave you{pl} orphans; I am coming to you{pl}.  Yet a little while, and the world experiences me no more, but you{pl} WILL experience me; because I live, you{pl} WILL live also.  In that day you{pl} will know that I am in unity with my Father, and you{pl} with me, and I with you{pl}.  He having MY directives and heeding them, that one is the one loving me; and he loving me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and will reveal myself to him."

[Commentary]  Yeshua is not prophesying a specific time here, but is looking forward in confidence that SOMEDAY his demonstration ordeal will spark the needed response in humans on earth. It could NOT be known how long it would take.

Judas, not Iscariot, says to him, "Master, what has happened that you are about to reveal yourself to us, and not at all to the world?"  Yeshua answered and said to him, "If any man loves me, he will heed MY message, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.  The one not loving ME, heeds not MY message; and the EXPRESSION OF REASON which you{pl} hear is not just mine but of the Father having sent me."

[Commentary]   This is not an answer to Judas' question, because he no longer deserved one.

62-GOING AND COMING

John 14:25-31  "These things I have spoken to you{pl}, while abiding with you{pl}.  But the Paraclete, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will engender on my authority, that one will teach you{pl} all things, and remind you{pl} of all that I said to you{pl}.  Peace I leave to you{pl}; my peace I give you{pl}; not as the world gives do I give you{pl}.  Let not your mind be troubled, nor let it be afraid.  You{pl} understood me say to you{pl}, 'I go away, and I come to you{pl}.'  If you{pl} loved me, you{pl} would have rejoiced BECAUSE I said I go to the Father; for the Father is greater than I.

[Commentary]  The disciples were not prepared to understand these words, of promise and comfort, but the words would remain to someday be appreciated.

"And now I have told you{pl} before it happens, so that when it does happen, you{pl} may choose to believe.  I will no longer speak of many things with you{pl}, for the power of this world is coming.  He has nothing over me; but that the world may know that I love the Father I do as the Father has directed me.  Rise, let us get on with it."

[Commentary]  This is a clear cut explanation that he trusted the Father, and that it was of his own volition to continue with the demonstration ordeal.

63-ANALOGY OF THE VINE BRANCHES

John 15:1-17  "I am the true vine, and my Father is the vinedresser.  Every branch on me not bearing fruit, he takes away.  And each branch bearing fruit, he prunes that it may bear more fruit.  Now you{pl} are made clean by the message which I have spoken to you{pl}.  Remain in me, and I in you{pl}. As the branch is not able to bear fruit by itself, unless it is connected to the vine, neither can you{pl}, unless you{pl} remain in me.  I am the vine, you{pl} are the branches.  He remaining in me, and I in him, this one bears much fruit, for apart from me you{pl} can do nothing.  Unless a man remains in me, he is cast out like a branch, and is withered, and they gather and throw them into a fire, and they are burned.  If you{pl} remain in me, and MY directions remain in you{pl}, you{pl} will ask whatever you{pl} desire, and it shall be done for you{pl}.

[Commentary]  This passage is often used to justify the concept of humans burning in hell, but that runs counter to many other statements about the character of God. Yeshua is merely fleshing out his analogy of the vine and connected and disconnected branches. It is another attempt by him to urge that we choose what we believe within the context and limits of what he said and demonstrated.

"By this is my Father glorified, that you{pl} bear much fruit, and you{pl} will be to me as followers.  As the Father loved me, I also loved you{pl}; remain in my love.  If you{pl} heed MY directives, you{pl} will remain in my love, just as I have heeded my Father's directives and remain in his love.  These things I have spoken to you{pl}, that my joy remain in you{pl}, and that your joy may be complete.
     "This is my directive, that you{pl} love one another even as I have loved you{pl}.  Greater love has no one than this, that a man lay down his psyche for his friends.  You{pl} are my friends if you{pl} do what I direct you{pl}.  I call you{pl} servants no longer, for the servant does not understand what his lord is doing; but I called you{pl} friends, because I made known to you{pl} all that I have heard from my Father.  You{pl} have not chosen me, but I selected you{pl} out and planted you{pl} that you{pl} should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit remain; so that whatever you{pl} ask the Father in my authorization, he may give you{pl}.  This I direct you{pl}, that you{pl} be committed to love one another."

[Commentary]  Along with the directives to seek the truth, believe within the Yeshua framework,  and come into unity,  this is THE directive for success. Whatever the endeavor may be, if it doesn't engender love for your brothers, it is empty of much value.

64-DEFINITION OF SIN

John 15:18-27  "If the world has a mean perception of you{pl}, understand that it has misperceived me before you{pl}.  If you{pl} were of the world, the world would have loved its own; not that you{pl} are not of the world, but I picked you{pl} out of the world, therefore the world misperceives you{pl}.  Remember the adage that I said to you{pl}, 'A servant is not greater than his lord."  If they persecuted me, they also will persecute you{pl}; if they pay attention to my message, they will pay attention to yours also.  But all this they will do to you{pl} in my name, because they do not understand the one sending me.

[Commentary] Since he said he came to serve and not to be served, this should be turned in our thinking to realize that Yeshua is hereby the servant and we are the lord, and we can expect the same kind of psychological persecution and marginalization that he suffered. This, of course, does NOT mean that his true followers are to be physically tortured or killed.

"Unless I came and spoke to them, they would not have guilt; but now they have no excuse for their sin.  The one misperceiving me misperceives my Father also.  If I did not the deeds among them which no one else did, they would not have guilt; but now they have seen and misperceived both me and my Father.  It is that the message may be fulfilled that is written in their own canon,

'They have hated me without a cause.'

But when the Paraclete comes, whom I will send to you{pl} from the Father, even the spirit of loving the truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will testify about ME; and you{pl} also witness, because you{pl} have been with me from the beginning."

[Commentary]  The Paraclete IS the attitude of loving the truth and being open to real goodness, an attitude that blossoms when we realize the truth of our imminent salvation, primal creative empowerment and immortality.

65-ADVANTAGE IN HIS GOING

John 16:1-15  "I have spoken these things to you{pl}so that you{pl} may not be offended.  They will put you{pl} out of the synagogue; a time comes indeed when anyone destroying you{pl} will think he is offering service to God.  And these things they will do to you because they neither understood the Father, nor me.  But I have said these things to you{pl}, that when the time comes you{pl} may recall them, that I told you these things.

[Commentary]   When we are marginalized and excluded by the believers of evil, we can find comfort in realizing that is just part of the process, with nothing much lost.

"I did not say these things to you{pl} from the beginning, because I was with you{pl}.  But now I am going to the one sending me; yet none of you{pl} asks me, 'Where are you going?'  But because I have said these things to you{pl}, sorrow has filled your hearts. Nevertheless I tell you{pl} the truth: it is to your ADVANTAGE that I should go away, for if I don't go away, the Paraclete will not come to you{pl}; but if I go, I will send him to you{pl}.

[Commentary] The advantage in his going away was in that the disciples would no longer be preoccupied with the miracles, his physical presence, his particular facets of personality, and the possibility of his setting up their kind of kingdom.  They could then be free to focus on understanding the character, purpose, plan and values of God and the true non-political, non-localized, mastery over the physical, material universe and all its woes. That is the true nature of the kingship of the heavens as revealed by his life and teachings.

"Upon coming that one will put the proof to the world about sin and about reasonableness and about judgment: about sin, because they do not choose what they believe within me; about reasonableness, because I go to the Father, and you{pl} no longer see me; about judgment, because the ruler <dominant theme> of this world has been judged.

[Commentary] In this paragraph Yeshua is again defining sin as having a wrong overall concept of God and not being willing to correct it by listening to him and accepting his message and demonstration.  He also is saying that his righteousness, his being reasonable in his words and deeds, is adequately vindicated by his going back to the father.  Finally, he is saying that the religious measure of this world has been judged in that it culminates in the rejection of the innocent and the death of the truly human son of God.

"I have yet many things to say to you{pl}, but you{pl} are not able to handle them now.  When that one manifests, the spirit of loving the truth, he will lead you{pl} into all the truth; for he will not speak from himself, but whatever he hears he will speak, and the coming things he will announce to you{pl}.  That one will glorify ME, for he will receive and declare to you{pl} from what is mine.  All things which the Father has are mine; therefore I said that he will receive and declare to you{pl} from what is mine."

[Commentary]  They were not able to handle the, not because they were dreadful, but because they were incompatible with, and too far out of, the paradigm held by the disciples. Yeshua personifying the spirit of loving the truth must not be understood as endorsing it as a person or member of the trinity.

66-YESHUA'S FAREWELL

John 16:16-33  "A little while, and you{pl} won't see me; again a little while, and you{pl} will see me, because I go to the Father.  Some of his disciples said to one another, "What is this that he says to us, 'A little while, and you{pl} won't see me, and again a little while, and you{pl} will see me'; and, 'because I go to the Father'?"  They said, "What does he mean by 'a little while'?  We do not understand what he means." Yeshua knew that they wanted to ask him; so he said to them, "Is this what you{pl} are asking yourselves, what I meant by saying, 'A little while, and you{pl} won't see me, and again a little while, and you{pl} will see me'?

[Commentary]  If they had known that the Father had shifted to the alternate plan of Yeshua being crucified, and especially if they had realized why, they would have been crushed and not able to handle it. They would have been desperate and would have tried to take matters into their own hands like Peter did in the garden of Gethsemane when he drew his sword and hacked off the ear of one of the officers.

"Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, you{pl} will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; you{pl} will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will turn into joy.  When a woman is in travail she has sorrow, because her time has come; but when she delivers the child, she is no longer in distress, for joy that a child is born into the world.  So you{pl} have sorrow now, but I will see you{pl} again and your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take that joy from you{pl}.  In that day you{pl} will question nothing.  Truly, truly, I say to you{pl}, if you{pl} ask anything of the Father, he will give you{pl} what I authorize <support>.  Before now you{pl} have asked nothing that I authorize; ask, and you{pl} will receive, that your joy may be complete.

[Commentary]   As it played out, the disciples didn't pay attention or listen closely enough when Yeshua explicitly told them that he was to be killed. They were devastated by the crucifixion and incredulous about the resurrection.
     As to the promise of getting anything from the Father, John was not careful enough to make it clear that this was in the context of them temporarily questioning nothing, and involved them subsequently asking for true understanding. The next passage make this more clear.

"I have said these things to you{pl} in analogies; the hour is coming when I shall no longer speak to you{pl} in analogies but tell you{pl} plainly of the Father.  In that day you{pl} will ask what I authorize; and I do not say to you{pl} that I shall pray the Father for you{pl}; for the Father himself loves you{pl}, because you{pl} have loved me and have chosen to believe that I came from the Father.  I came from the Father and have come into the world; again, I am leaving the world and going to the Father."

[Commentary]  What Yeshua authorized at this point was an understanding of the Father and truth, not miracles nor empowerment, They were still too darkened in their understanding for that. The next few passages will make that clear.

His disciples said, "Ah, now you are speaking plainly, not in any analogy!  Now we know that you understand all things, and no one needs to question you; by this we believe that you came from God."  Yeshua answered them, "Do you{pl} now believe?  Behold! The time is coming, indeed it has come, when you{pl} will be scattered, every man on his own, and will leave me alone; yet I am not alone, for the Father is with me.  I have said these things to you{pl}, that within me you{pl} may have peace.  In the world you{pl} have trouble; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world."

[Commentary]  This passage shows that they were unaware of the level of their own ignorance and spiritual blindness, and were overconfident. Despite everything that Yeshua said, they were unprepared for what really happened.

67-THE WILL OF GOD

John 17:1-26  These things Yeshua spoke, and lifting up his sight to the sky, he said, "Father, the time has come that you appear in your Son that the Son may honor you.  Therefore you gave him power over all biological flesh, that he may give everlasting life to all whom you gave him.  And this is the life source of the ages, that they may UNDERSTAND YOU, the only true God, and Yeshua Christ whom you sent.  I glorified you on earth, accomplishing the work which you gave me to do; and now, Father, you glorify me with yourself with the magnificence which I had before being with you in the world.

[Commentary]  It is the character , principles and values that appear in the Son that bring honor to the the unfallen. We literally stay alive and more IF we understand them. All principles and values relate to life, its sustenance and enhancement, and this iw what is being said by the unfallen Creators.

"I revealed your character to the men whom you gave me out of the world; yours they were, and you gave them to me, and they have heeded your message. Now they have known that all of what you gave me is from you; for I have given them the meanings of the message which you gave me, and they have received them and know that truly I came forth from beside you; and they believed that you sent me.  I pray concerning them; I do not pray concerning the world but for those you gave me, for they are yours; all mine are yours, and yours are mine, and I have appeared in them.

[Commentary] It is important to note that Yeshua is not putting his stamp of approval on all of his "followers" or even the twelve disciples, in that Judas and others are present who did not understand the character of God and later betrayed Yeshua in various ways.

"Now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to you.  Holy Father, keep them by your authority, those whom you gave me, that they may be one, even as we.  While I was with them in the world, I was keeping them by your authority; I guarded those you gave me; and not one of them expired except the son of perdition, that the scripture might be fulfilled.  But now I come to you; and these things I speak in the world, that they experience my joy having been fulfilled in themselves.  I have given them your message, and the world hated them because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.  I do not ask that you should take them out of the world, but that you should keep them from misery.  They are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.  Finish consecrating them in the truth about you; your EXPRESSION OF REASON is truth.  Even as you sent me into the world, I have sent them into the world.  And I consecrate myself for them, that they also may be consecrated in truth.

[Commentary] Yeshua must be meaning spiritually expired here, in that Judas was still physically alive.

"I do not pray concerning these only, but also concerning those who choose what to believe within me through their message, that they may all be one; even as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be unified in us, so that the world may believe that you sent me.  The magnificence which you have given me I have given to them, that they may be one even as we are, I in them and you in me, that they may be brought to perfect completion in unity, so that the world may know that you sent me and loved them even as you loved me.  Father, I desire that those whom you have given me may also be with me where I am, to behold my magnificence which you gave me in your love for me before the foundation of the universe.  O reasonable Father, the world understood you not, but I understood you; and these knew that you sent me.  I made known to them your character, and I will make it known, that the love with which you have loved me may be in them, and I unified with them."

[Commentary] Notice the repetition in four requests by Yeshua in his prayer asking for the fulfillment of his highest desire, the oneness or unity of some believers.  In the Hebrew culture, to reiterate something three times and then turn around and say the same thing in a different way gives it the ULTIMATE emphasis.

68-BETRAYAL AND ARREST

John 18:1-14  Having said these things Yeshua went forth with his disciples across the Kidron rain-torrent, where there was a garden which he and his disciples entered.  Judas, the one betraying him, also knew the place; for Yeshua assembled there several times with his disciples.  Therefore Judas, obtaining a band with officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with torches and lamps and weapons.

[Commentary]  How bizarre! They went with weapons? Little did they realize no weapons were needed, and if needed, none would suffice.

Then Yeshua, understanding all that was to happen, and going forth said to them, "Whom do you{pl} seek?"  They answered him, "Yeshua the Nazarene."  Yeshua tells them, "I AM THE ONE."  Also Judas, the one betraying him, stood with them.  When he said to them, "I AM THE ONE," they drew back and fell to the ground.  Again he asked them, "Whom do you{pl} seek?"  And they said, "Yeshua the Nazarene."  Yeshua answered, "I told you{pl} that I AM THE ONE; if you{pl} seek me, then let these go"; that the word might be fulfilled which he said, "I lost not one of those whom you gave me."

[Commentary]  John explains how the disciples were protected. The fact that the authorities were not interested in the disciples implies they were not a considered to be a threat. But they SHOULD HAVE BEEN the same kind of threat that Yeshua had been!!

Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest slave and cut off his right ear.  The name of the slave was Malchus.  Yeshua said to Peter, "Put your sword into its sheath; shall I in no way drink the cup which the Father has given me?"

Then the band and their captain and the officers of the Jews seized Yeshua and bound him.  They led him away first to Annas who was the father‑in‑law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.  This Caiaphas was the one having advised the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

[Commentary]  John makes sure that we understand it was the TOP religious authority that prosecuted the crucifixion agenda. We do not need to see Caiaphas as a bad or cruel man, because it was his RELIGION, not his personality nor character that drove this agenda.

69-PETER'S DENIAL

John 18:15-18  Simon Peter followed Yeshua with another disciple.  That disciple was known to the high priest and went into the court of the high priest with Yeshua, but Peter stood outside at the door.  Then the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, spoke to the door-maid, and brought Peter in.  Then the door-maid says to Peter, "Are not you also one of this man's disciples?"  That one says, "I am not."  The servants and officers, having made a charcoal fire because it was cold, were standing and warming themselves; Peter was standing and warming himself with them.

[Commentary]  Peter was being the tractable pebble, not the immovable rock.

70-YESHUA BEFORE THE HIGH PRIEST

John 18:19-27  The high priest then questioned Yeshua concerning his disciples and his teaching.  Yeshua answered him, "I spoke openly to the world; I always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where the Jews always come together; in secret I proclaimed nothing.  Why do you question me?  Question those having heard what I said to them.  Behold, they know what I said."  With him saying these things, one of the officers standing by gave Yeshua a blow, saying, "You answer the high priest this way?"  Yeshua answered him, "If I spoke wrongly, testify concerning the wrong; but if rightly, why do you strike me?"

[Commentary]  Evidently this High Priest was a seasoned ex-High Priest, Annas, and the father-in-law of the official High Priest, and whose authority was influential but not official.

Therefore Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.  Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. Then they said to him, "Are not you also one of his disciples?"  That one denied it and said, "I am not."  One of the servants of the high priest, being a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, "Did I not see you in the garden with him?"  Peter again denied it, and at once a cock sounded.

[Commentary]  In the culture, to affirm something three times was considered to be as definite as one could be.

71-YESHUA LED TO PILATE

John 18:28-32  Then they led Yeshua from Caiaphas to the praetorium.  It was early, so they did not enter the praetorium, that they might not be defiled but might eat the Passover meal.  Pilate went out to them and said, "What accusation do you{pl} bring against this man?"  They answered and said to him, "If this one were not an evildoer, we would not have delivered him to you."  Pilate said to them, "You Take him and judge him by your own law."  The Jews said to him, "It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death"; that the word might be fulfilled which Yeshua said to show by what death he was about to die.

[Commentary]  Pilate clearly had his ear to the ground for any sign of sedition or rebellion, yet had not perceived Yeshua in this way. He  knew that Yeshua had become popular, and had not desire to stir up more unrest or trouble in his domain than already existed. Thus he didn't care what Yeshua had done to upset the religious leaders, and he wanted them to deal with it.

72-PILATE'S FIRST QUESTIONING

John 18:33-40  Then Pilate entered the praetorium again and called Yeshua, and said to him, "Are you the King of the Jews?"  Yeshua answered, "Do you ask this on your own, or did others tell you about me?"  Pilate answered, "Am I a Jew?  Your own nation and the chief priests delivered you to me; what have you done?"  Yeshua answered, "My kingship is not of this world; if my kingship were of this world, my servants would have fought, that I should not be handed over to the Jews.  But my kingship is not from here."

[Commentary]  Of course, Yeshua is not here admitting to be a normal king that rules over his subjects, but rather, let's say, king of serving.

Pilate said to him, "So you really are a king?"  Yeshua answered, "YOU say that I am a king.  But for this I have been born, and for this I have come into the world, that I might testify about the truth.  Every one being of the truth listens to my voice."  Pilate says to him, "What is truth?"

[Commentary]  Everybody bandies the word "truth" around until the claim is banal. Pilate  was NOT impressed and responded with sarcasm. Of course, Yeshua was referring to the ULTIMATE truth.

And having said this, he again went out to the Jews and told them, "I find no crime in him.  But it is a custom that I should release one man for you{pl} at the Passover; you{pl} decide then, should I release for you{pl} the King of the Jews?"  They again all cried out, saying, "Not this one, but Barabbas!"  Now Barabbas was an insurrectionist.

[Commentary] The man known as "Son of the Fathers" (Barabbas) has been excoriated by Christian apologists as an awfully rotten man, with the crowd appallingly evil for preferring him to Yeshua. But he was an insurrectionist, and known by this VERY respectful title for a reason. He was probably a courageous and honorable man  not a baseless criminal. He would have been a hero to the Jews that chafed under the oppression of Rome. On the other hand, Yeshua had just delivered a huge disappointment, a snub, to the revolution-aroused people when he disappeared after the triumphal entry into Jerusalem. Would you have chosen Barabbas over Yeshua under the circumstances? I probably would have.
     All of this did not just happen naturally, but was orchestrated by Yeshua and the Father to result in the crucifixion. Now that Yeshua had failed to elicit any adequate response to his ministry and message, this was how the backup plan of God was unfolding to inaugurate the final demonstration, the crucifixion and the resurrection. See:
Matthew 27:15-19  Mk 15:6-10  Lk 23:17-19

73-YESHUA SCOURGED AND QUESTIONED AGAIN

John 19:1-11  Then Pilate took Yeshua and scourged him. And the soldiers having plaited a wreath of thorns, put it on his head, and threw a purple robe around him, and said, "Hail, King of the Jews!" and they gave him slaps.  So Pilate went out again, and said to them, "Behold, I bring him out to you{pl}, that you{pl} may understand that I find no crime in him."

[Commentary]  Pilate may have been a corrupt and ruthless man, but he was not in the business of being hornswoggled or pushed around.

Then Yeshua came outside, wearing the thorny wreath and the purple robe.  And he says to them, "Behold the man!" When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, "Crucify! Crucify!"  Pilate says to them, "You take him and crucify him, for I find no crime in him."  The Jews answered him, "We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die, because he has made himself the Son of God."

[Commentary]  Crucifixion was reserved for sedition and rebellion against the empire of Rome.

When Pilate heard these words of persuasion, he was more afraid and entered the praetorium again and says to Yeshua, "Where are you from?"  But Yeshua gave no answer.  Pilate therefore says to him, "You will not speak to me?  Do you not know that I have authority to release you, and authority to crucify you?"  Yeshua answered, "You would have no authority over me if it was not being given you from beyond; therefore the one delivering me to you has the greater sin."

[Commentary]  Pilate was probably on shaky ground with the emperor of Rome due to his recent egregious heavy handed slaughter of guilty AND innocent members of the crowd.

74-PILATE CONCEDES CRUCIFIXION

John 19:12-16  Upon this Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, saying, "If you release this man, you are no friend of Caesar; every one making himself a king goes against Caesar."  Upon hearing these words of persuasion, Pilate brought Yeshua out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Pavement, in Hebrew, Gabbatha.
    Now it was Passover preparation and about noontime.  He says to the Jews, "Behold your King!"  But they cried out, "Away! Away! Crucify him!"  Pilate says to them, "Shall I crucify your King?"  The chief priests answered, "We have no king except Caesar."  Therefore he delivered him to them that he might be crucified.

[Commentary]  There wasn't one of this throng that acknowledged Caesar as their king, but they told Pilate what would compel him to do their will.

75-YESHUA CRUCIFIED

John 19:17-27  So they took Yeshua bearing his pole, and led him away to the place called "Of a Skull", which is called in Hebrew Golgotha, where they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Yeshua between.  Pilate also wrote a title and put it on the cross; it was written, "Yeshua the Nazarene, the King of the Jews."  Therefore many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Yeshua was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Greek, in Latin.  The chief priests of the Jews then said to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews,' but that which this man said, 'I am King of the Jews.'"  Pilate answered, "What I have written I have written."

[Commentary]  Pilate had little regard for what the Jews wanted, but only what he could defend to Caesar, who wouldn't care whether or not he took the sign down.

Then when they crucified Yeshua the soldiers took his garments and made four portions, one for each soldier, and his tunic.  But the tunic was seamless, woven from the top throughout.  So they said to one another, "Let us not tear it, but let us cast lots to see whose it shall be", that the scripture might be fulfilled which said, "They divided my clothing, and over my garment they cast a lot."

[Commentary]  There are plenty of verses in the Old Testament whereby God could orchestrate a fulfillment. This does NOT mean that the future is known, but that merely certain statements can be fulfilled. This is a VERY important distinction to understand as it impinges upon the whole issue of human free will.

Therefore the soldiers did these things.  But his mother stood there by the cross of Yeshua, with his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary the Magdalene.  Therefore seeing his mother, and the disciple whom he continued to love standing near, Yeshua says to his mother, "Woman, behold, your son!"  Then he says to the disciple, "Behold, your mother!"  And from that time the disciple took her into his own home.

[Commentary]  Apparently Joseph had died. Mary had other sons who would have taken her in, but evidently Yeshua wanted her living with Jonh instead of his half-brothers.

76-YESHUA DIES

John 19:28-37  After this Yeshua, knowing that all things already had been done that the scripture be fulfilled, says, "I thirst."  A vessel of vinegar was set there; so filling a sponge with vinegar and putting hyssop around it, they held it to his mouth.  When Yeshua took the vinegar, he said, "It has been completed"; and bowing his head he gave up his spirit.

[Commentary]  What was completed was the great demonstration, the great revelation.

Since it was Preparation, and so that the bodies may not remain on the post on the holiday, for that was the high day of the holiday period, the Jews requested Pilate that their legs might be broken and they be taken away.  So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other crucified with him.  Coming upon Yeshua they saw he was already dead; they did not break his legs, but one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once came out blood and water.  The one seeing it has witnessed, his testimony is true, and he knows that he tells the truth, that you{pl} also may choose to believe.  For these things happened that the scripture might be fulfilled,

"Not a bone of him shall be splintered."

And again a different scripture says,

"They shall look at whom they have pierced."

[Commentary]  John, by continuing to point out these meaningless correlations with Old Testament scripture let's us know that he hadn't become fully mature or intellectually responsible, and was still clinging to the Hebrew myth.

77-YESHUA ENTOMBED

John 19:38-42  After this Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Yeshua, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take the body of Yeshua.  Pilate granted this.  Then he came and took the body of Yeshua.  Also Nicodemus, the one coming to Yeshua by night at the first, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred litrae.  Then they took the body of Yeshua, and bound it in linens with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.  Now in the area where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb where no one was ever laid.  So because of the Preparation of the Jews, since the tomb was near, they laid Yeshua there.

[Commentary]  These two wealthy men took care of the details of the burial and spared no expense. A hundred Litrae of those spices was worth a small fortune.

78-THE RESURRECTION

John 20:1-10  Now on the first of the holidays Mary the Magdalene comes early, the tomb still being in darkness, and sees the stone removed from the tomb.  Then she runs, and comes to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Yeshua kept on loving, and says to them, "They took the Master out of the tomb, and we don't know where they put him."

[Commentary]  That Mary cherished Yeshua extravagantly, we must not confuse this with righteousness or belief, because she did NOT believe what he said.

Then Peter and the other disciple came out to the tomb.  The two ran together, but the other disciple ran in front more quickly than Peter and came to the tomb first; and stooping he sees the linens, however, he did not go in.  Then Simon Peter comes, following him, and entered into the tomb.  And he sees the linens lying, and the cloth which was on his head, not lying with the linens but being folded up in a separate place. Then the other disciple, having come first to the tomb, also entered, and he saw and believed.  Until then they did not understand the scripture, that it suits him to rise from the dead.  So then, the disciples went away by themselves.

[Commentary] It should be understood that John did not just believe that Yeshua was resurrected–he had the facts to know this–he now chose to believe to a significant extent the greater message of Yeshua, too good to be seriously considered by him until now.

79-APPEARING TO MARY

John 20:11-18  But Mary stood weeping outside the tomb.  While she wept she stooped into the tomb, and she sees two messengers in white sitting where the body of Yeshua had lain, one at the head and one at the feet.  Those say to her, "Woman, why do you weep?"  She says to them, "Because they have removed my Master, and I don't know where they put him."

[Commentary]  This is all very strange. Why didn't John and Peter address Mary and tell her that Yeshua had been resurrected? Probably because they were too shocked. This was going to challenge their paradigm of God and reality, and they were not yet sure about what had happened.

Saying these things, she turned around and now sees Yeshua standing, but she does not know that it is Yeshua.  Yeshua says to her, "Woman, why do you weep?  Whom do you seek?"  Thinking that it is the gardener, that one said to him, "Sir, if you carried him away, tell me where you put him, and I will take him."  Yeshua says to her, "Mary."  Turning, that one says to him in Hebrew, "Rabboni!", meaning Teacher.  Yeshua says to her, "Do not interfere with me, for I have not yet ascended to my Father; but go to my brothers and say to them, I ascend to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God."
     Mary the Magdalene now comes bringing word to the disciples, that she has seen the Master and he spoke these things to her.

[Commentary] It is most important to note that now after the resurrection is the first time, according to the witness of John, that Yeshua refers to some of his followers as brothers, and refers to his father as THEIR father.  Previously his reference was always "My father" or "The father".  Evidently John, Thomas, Mary and some others were now going to be able to believe the message of Yeshua, not just whether he was the Christ or not.

80-APPEARING TO THE TEN

John 20:19-25  It being evening on that day, the first day of the sabbath holidays, and the doors being locked where the disciples were gathered, for fear of the Jews, Yeshua came and stood among them and says to them, "Peace be with you{pl."  Upon saying this, he showed them his hands and his side.  Therefore, seeing the Master, the disciples rejoiced.  Then Yeshua said to them again, "Peace be with you{pl}.  As the Father has sent me, I also send you{pl}."  And having said this, he filled them with spirit [good, strong attitude or enthusiasm], and said to them, "Grasp the Real Meaning.  If you dismiss any sins [wrong concepts], let them be dismissed. If you have mastered any sins [wrong concepts], let them be mastered."

[Commentary] One of the worst, most evil mistranslations done by New Testament translators of Christendom is the one in John 20:23. Contrary to what most 'authorized' translations have him saying here, Yeshua is not giving his disciples authority to seal judgment on the 'sins' (fundamentally wrong concepts of God) of others.  Rather, he is at the end of his ministry, his all out effort to cleanse our thinking of dreadfully wrong concepts of God, and now can do more. This is his benediction, his coming to terms with the fact that ALL the disciples and followers had retained a great deal of misunderstanding in their thinking. He is addressing this regrettable result, and Mankind has paid a heavy price for their carelessness, dullness, intellectual irresponsibility and spiritual apathy.

Now Thomas, one of the twelve, the one called Twin, was not with them when Yeshua came.  So the other disciples told him, "We have seen the Master."  But he said to them, "Unless I see the mark of the nails in his hands, and stick my finger in the mark of the nails, and stick my hand in his side, in no way will I believe."

[Commentary]  Thomas rightfully put no credibility in what the other foolish disciple may have said to him, but he should have realized that this was consonant with what Yeshua had told them. He also, must have been too contaminated with the Messianic vision to let the meaning of what Yeshua was saying even prompt his to consider the intent of the words.

81-APPEARING TO THOMAS

John 20:26-31  After eight days, again his disciples were inside, and Thomas was with them.  The doors having been locked, Yeshua came and stood among them, and said, "Peace be with you{pl}. "  Then he says to Thomas, "Bring your finger here, and see my hands; and bring and place your hand on my side; don't become unbelieving, but believing."  Thomas answered and said to him, "My Master and my God!"  Yeshua says to him, "Because you have seen me, Thomas, you have believed.  Blessed are those not seeing, yet choosing to believe."

[Commentary] In contrast to most of the other twelve disciples, Thomas evidently understood the message of Yeshua but was determined to not believe it unless he had the incontrovertible proof of Yeshua' resurrection.  Yeshua is hereby saying that blessed are those who both understand and choose to believe without materially tangible proof, a reference to all those choosing to believe God because of what he says.

Now Yeshua did many other significant things in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this scroll.  But these things have been written that you{pl} choose to believe that Yeshua is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you{pl} may have life by his authority.

[Commentary] John, one time, has Yeshua referring to himself as the Christ, but he may have misremembered in a case where Yeshua used the term "coming one". At the time, John would have heard this term as equating to the Messiah. Outside of reporting what other people said, John himself, this one time, refers to Yeshua as the Christ but may still have been confused over the issue.

82-CATCHING BIG/LITTLE FISH

John 21:1-14  After these things Yeshua revealed himself again to the disciples by the Sea of Tiberias.  He revealed himself like this.  Simon Peter, Thomas being called Twin, Nathanael from Cana in Galilee, those of Zebedee, and two others of his disciples were together. Simon Peter says to them, "I am going out to fish."  They say to him, "We are coming with you also."  They immediately went and got into the boat.  Yet that night they caught nothing.

[Commentary]  Here we have the depressing picture of men that should have realized they were now candidates to fully be sons of God, fully enlightened and empowered TO BE SAVIORS OF THE WORLD. Yet now they remained in ignorant denial of what was offered to them, going back to their smelly, low class occupation of fishing naked at night heaving the nets and hauling them in. PATHETIC! PITIFUL! TRAGIC!
    Christendom holds up these men as saints and spiritual heroes and leaders,  calling them apostles! NO! They were spiritual morons.

Now with it becoming early in the morning, Yeshua stood on the shore; however the disciples did not know that it was Yeshua.  Then Yeshua says to them, "Children, have you{pl} any thing for eating?"  They answered him, "No."  He said to them, "Cast the net to the right of the boat, and you{pl} will find."  So they cast, and then no longer had the strength to haul it in with the quantity of fish.  That disciple whom Yeshua kept on loving says to Peter, "It is the Master!"  Simon Peter, upon hearing that it was the Master, after putting on his coat because he was naked, threw himself into the sea.  But the other disciples came in the little boat, dragging the net of fish, for they were not far from the land, about a hundred yards.

[Commentary]  Notice that Yeshua called them "Children", not morons, even after their spiritual denseness forced him to be crucified. Note that God still did none last miracle for theml

When they went up on the shore, they saw a fish lying on a fire of coals, and bread.  Yeshua says to them, "Bring from the LITTLE fish that you{pl} have just caught."  So Simon Peter went over and dragged the net onto the shore, full with a hundred and fifty‑three huge fish.  Yet being so many, the net was not torn.

[Commentary]  Note that Yeshua called their LARGE fish LITTLE fish, what do you suppose he meant by this other than to imply that MEN were the big fish to be caught by them?

Yeshua says to them, "Come, have breakfast."  Not one of the disciples ventured to ask him, "Who are you?", knowing it is the Master.  Then Yeshua comes and takes the bread and gives it to them, and likewise the little fish.  This is now three times Yeshua was revealed to the disciples, having been raised from the dead.

[Commentary]  Evidently they still had a hard time even believing it was really him.

83-FEED MY SHEEP

John 21:15-19  After they had breakfast, Yeshua says to Simon Peter, "Simon of Jonah, do you love[67] me actively and demonstrably higher than these things?"  He says to him, "Well, Sir; you know that I love[68] you dearly."  He says to him, "Feed my lambs."  A second time he says to him, "Simon of Jonah, do you do you actively and demonstrably love[67] me?"  He says to him, "Well, Sir; you know that I love[68] you dearly."  He says to him, "Tend my sheep."  He says to him the third time, "Simon of Jonah, DO you love[67] me dearly? "  Peter was grieved that he said to him the third time, "Do you love me?" And he said to him, "Master, you perceive everything; you KNOW that I love[68] you dearly." Yeshua says to him, "Feed my LITTLE sheep."

[Commentary] Yeshua uses the Greek verb agapeo  here in his first two question to Peter, signifying to love in a meaningful, active, tangible or demonstrably impactful way. Note that Peter was now humble enough to NOT claim this, but merely emphasized each time using the term phileo that he valued Yeshua dearly.
     Peter, when Yeshua changed the verb to phileo, signifying to value, to cherish as a friend, Peter emphasizes that he cherishes him dearly
.

"Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were younger, you girded yourself and walked where you desired; but when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands, and another will gird you and carry you where you don't want."  This he said to show by what death it seems best to God.  And after this he said to him, "Follow me."

[Commentary]  No human death, except the death of Yeshua, glorifies God.  By any reckoning Peter obviously did not believe, nor even understand, the message of Yeshua or the truth about God.

84-AUTHORS EPILOGUE

John 21:20-25  And turning, Peter sees following them, the disciple whom Yeshua kept on loving, who leaned on his breast at the supper and said, "Master, who is the one betraying you?"  And Peter, seeing this one, says to Yeshua, "Master, what about this man?"  Yeshua says to him, "If I desire him to remain until I go, what is that to you?  You follow me!"  Therefore this saying went out to the brethren that this disciple was not to die; yet Yeshua said not to him that he was not to diee, but, "If I desire him to remain until I go, what is that to you?"

[Commentary] These statements should not be used to negate the many passages where Yeshua talked about not dying, or to conclude that John indeed died.  John is merely clarifying that Yeshua was telling Peter to mind his own business.

This is the disciple testifying about other things, and writing these things; and we know that his account is true.  And there are also many other things which Yeshua did, which if they were each written, I suppose the world could not contain the scrolls being written. [71]  So be it.

[Commentary] This last paragraph may be the epitaph added by the scribe that John was using to take his dictation.
     It is widely agreed that the public ministry of Yeshua covered at least three years.  If so, and if Yeshua only performed one out and out miracle affecting the tangible, physical realm per week, this would come to more than 150 miracles.  John obviously selected less than ten to carefully support the message of Yeshua as he presents it.

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