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Part 3 of 6

Table of Contents

79-FAITH OF CANAANITE WOMAN  Matt 15:21-28  Mk 7:24-30
80-FEEDING THE FOUR THOUSAND  Matt 15:32-39  Mk 8:1-10
81-SIGNS FROM HEAVEN  Matt 16:1-4  Mk 8:11-13
82-LEAVEN OF THE PHARISEES  Matt 16:5-12  Mk 8:14-21 Lk 12:1-3
83-BUILT ON THE ROCK  Matt 16:13-20  Mk 8:27-30  Lk 9:18-22
84-PETER AS OBSTRUCTOR  Matt 16:21-23  Mk 8:31-33
85-PULL UP YOUR TETHERING STAKE  Matt 16:24-28  Mk 8:34-9:1  Lk 9:23-27
86-MOUNT OF TRANSFIGURATION  Matt 17:1-13  Mk 9:2-13  Lk 9:28-36
87-HEALING THE EPILEPTIC SON  Mark 9:14-29  Mt 17:14-21  Lk 9:37-43
88-JESUS' DEATH FORETOLD AGAIN  Mark 9:30-32  Mt 17:22,23  Lk 9:44,45
89-WHO IS THE GREATEST  Mark 9:33-37  Mt 18:1-4  Lk 9:46-48
90-RECEIVE BY MY AUTHORITY  Mark 9:38-10:2  Mt 5:29,30  18:5-9  Lk 9:49,50  17:1,2
92-SHEKEL IN THE FISH  Matt 17:24-27
93-LET THE DEAD BURY THE DEAD   Luke 9:57-62  Mt 8:18-22
94-SENDING THE SEVENTY  Luke 10:1-12,16
95-WOE TO CITIES OF REJECTION  Matt 11:20-24  Lk 10:13-16
96-RETURN OF THE SEVENTY  Luke 10:17-20
97-MY YOKE IS PLEASANT  Luke 10:21-24  Mt 11:25-30
99-THE GOOD SAMARITAN  Luke 10:29-37
101-SHARING IN SECRET  Matt 6:1-4
102-TEACHING HOW TO PRAY  Matt 6:5-15  Lk 11:1-4
103-FASTING IN SECRET  Matt 6:16-18
105-ASK, SEEK, KNOCK  Matt 7:7-12  Lk 11:9-13
106-ENTER BY THE NARROW GATE  Matt 7:13,14
107-BY THEIR FRUITS  Matt 7:15-20  Lk 6:43-45
108-I NEVER KNEW YOU  Matt 7:21-23
109-ONE WHO HAS AUTHORITY  Matt 7:28,29
110-HEALING WITHIN THE TRUE MEANING  Matt 12:22-29  Mk 3:20-27  Lk 11:14-22
111-BLASPHEMY AGAINST REAL MEANING Matt 12:30-32  Mk 3:28-30  Lk 11:23
113-THE SIGN OF JONAH  Matt 12:38-42  Lk 11:29-32
114-SEVEN MORE EVILS COME BACK  Matt 12:43-45  Lk 11:24-28
115-WOE TO THE PHARISEES  Luke 11:37-54  Mt 23:23-28
117-HAIRS OF YOUR HEAD NUMBERED  Matt 10:24-33  Lk 12:4-7
119-BECAUSE HE IS A FOLLOWER  Matt 10:40-42
123-COME TO CAST FIRE NOT PEACE  Luke 12:49-59
125-PARABLE OF THE TALENTS   Matt 25:14-30
126-PARABLE OF SHEEP AND GOATS   Matt 25:31-46

Matthew 15:21-28  Mk 7:24-30  And going away from there, Jesus withdrew to the area of Tyre and Sidon.  Entering the house, he desired no one to know, but he could not be hidden.  And behold, a Canaanite woman from that area coming forth cried out to him, "Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David; my daughter is seriously demon-possessed."  The woman was a Greek, a Syrophoenician by race, and she fell at his feet.  But he did not answer her a word.
     Coming near, his disciples requested of him, saying, "Send her away, for she cries out after us."  However, he responding said, "I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel", but she coming, worshipped him, saying, "Lord, help me."  But he answering said, "It is not right to take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs."  But she said, "Yes, Lord, yet even the dogs eat from the crumbs falling from their masters' table."  Then Jesus responding said to her, "O woman, great is your faith!  Because of this expression, go, and let it be for you as you desire.  The demon has gone out from your daughter."  And her daughter was healed at that hour.  And going away to her home, she found that the demon had gone out, and the daughter was laid on the couch.

Matthew 15:32-39  Mk 8:1-10  In those days, the crowd being very great and not having anything to eat, Jesus, having called his disciples near, said to them, "I am filled with pity for the crowd, because they remain with me now three days, and have nothing they may eat; and I don't want to send them away fasting to their home, lest they weary on the way, for some of them have come a long way."  And his disciples say to him, "From where are we to get so many loaves in the desert to satisfy so large a crowd?"  And Jesus said to them, "How many loaves have you{pl}?"  They said, "Seven, and a few small fish."
     And he ordered the crowd to sit down on the ground, and taking the seven loaves and the fish, giving thanks, he broke them and gave to his disciples, and the disciples gave to the crowd.  They all ate and were filled; and they took up the excess of the pieces, seven baskets full.  Those eating were four thousand men, apart from women and children.  And sending away the crowds, he got into the boat and came to the border of Magdala or Dalmanutha.

Matthew 16:1-4  Mk 8:11-13  And the Pharisees and Sadducees went out and began to argue with him, and testing him they asked him to show them a sign from heaven.[*]  He sighed in his spirit and answered them, "With evening coming, you{pl} say, 'Fair weather; for the sky is red.'  And in the morning, 'Stormy today, for the sky is red and overcast.'  Hypocrites!  You{pl} indeed know how to read the face of the sky, but the signs of the times you{pl} cannot.  Why does this generation seek a sign?  An evil and adulterous generation seeks a sign, but no sign shall be given to it except the sign of Jonah."  Leaving them and entering the boat again, he went away to the other side.

[*]  The sign they were really looking for was the ancient sign of the polar column configuration in the sky, the 'bull of Heaven" that all ancient people worshipped as the visible presence of God.

Matthew 16:5-12  Mk 8:14-21  Luke 12:1-3  The disciples, coming to the other side, had forgotten to bring any bread with them, except one loaf they had with them in the boat.  While thousands of the crowd being assembled so as to trample upon one another, Jesus said to them, "Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees and Herod, which is hypocrisy."  And they reasoned among themselves, saying, "Because we brought no bread."  But understanding, Jesus said to them, "Why do you{pl} reason among yourselves, puny-faiths, because you{pl} took no bread?  Do you{pl} not yet perceive or realize?  Have you{pl} minds still hardened?  Having eyes, do you{pl} not see, and having ears, do you{pl} not hear?
     "Don't you{pl} remember when I broke the five loaves to the five thousand, how many handbaskets full of fragments you{pl} gathered?  Or the seven loaves of the four thousand, how many baskets you{pl} gathered?  How do you{pl} not perceive that I telling you{pl} to take heed of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees was not about bread?  How do you{pl} not understand? Nothing is being completely concealed that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known.  Therefore what you{pl} said in the darkness will be heard in the light, and what you{pl} spoke in the ear in private rooms will be proclaimed upon the housetops."  Then they understood that he did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

Matthew 16:13-20  Mk 8:27-30  Lk 9:18-22  Coming into the district of Caesarea Philippi, Jesus, alone with them on the way, questioned his disciples, "Whom do people say me to be?"  And they said, "Some say John the Baptist, and others Elijah, and others Jeremiah or a certain one of the ancient prophets arose again."  He said to them, "But whom do you{pl} say me to be?"  Simon Peter replied, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."
     And replying Jesus said to him, "Blessed are you, Simon Bar‑Jona!  For flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but my Father in the heavens.  And I tell you, you who are Peter, that on this rock[1] I will build my church, and the gates of the unseen realm[2] will not prevail against her.  I will give you the keys to the kingship of the heavens, and whatever you bind on the earth shall be, having been bound in the heavens, and whatever you loose on the earth shall be, having been loosed in the heavens."
     So he warned them, that they may tell no one about him,[3] saying, "It is appropriate for the Son of man to suffer many things, and to be rejected by the elders and chief priests and theologians, and to be killed, and to be raised on the third day."

[1]  The rock of Peter's answer that Jesus is the Christ.

[2]  The word 'hades' means the unseen or the unseen realm, and it does not intrinsically have a negative denotation.  In the NT Gospels the word is used only in Matthew and Luke and is used primarily with a negative connotation.  The word 'paradise' is evidently a composite word from 'para' and 'hades' meaning with or of the unseen realm and is used generally in the NT with a positive connotation.

[3]  Jesus did not want to be associated with the term Christ or Messiah, as that term meant something completely different to the people than both what he was or was going to do.  In Luke and Mark it is clear that Jesus told them to tell no one that he was the Christ, but Matthew has inserted some dialogue which makes it unclear.

Matthew 16:21-23  Mk 8:31-33  From then on Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and theologians, and be killed, and be raised on the third day.  This message he said openly.  Peter, taking him aside, began to rebuke him, saying, "Be it far from you, Sir!  This shall never happen to you."  But turning he said to Peter, "Get behind me, obstructor!  You are a hindrance to me; for you don't think the things of God, but the things of men."

Matthew 16:24-28  Mk 8:34-9:1  Lk 9:23-27  Then calling the crowd near with his disciples, Jesus told them, "If any man would follow after me, let him deny himself and pull up his tethering stake daily and follow me.  For whoever may desire to save his psyche <usual pattern of life> will lose it, but whoever may lose his psyche <usual lifestyle> for my sake and the gospel's, this one will find and save it.  For what will it profit a man, if he gains the whole world and damage his psyche or forfeit his psyche or lose his self-identity?  Or what shall a man give in exchange for his psyche?  For whoever may be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of man also will be ashamed of him when he comes into his glory with the Father and the holy doctrines.  For the Son of man is about to come into the glory of his Father with his doctrines, and then he will reward to each according to his works.  Truly, I say to you{pl}, there are some standing here who will in no way taste death before they see the kingship of God having come with power and the Son of man come into his kingship."[4]

[4]  These things took place at the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus.  See Matthew 19:28-30 & 25:31 for explanations regarding "seat of power".

Matthew 17:1-13  Mk 9:2-13  Lk 9:28-36  And after six to eight days Jesus takes with him Peter and James and John his brother, and leads them privately up into a high mountain.  While praying, the appearance of his countenance was changed, he was transfigured before them, his face shone like the sun, and his garments became dazzling white as light, as snow, as no fuller on earth could bleach them.  Now Peter and those who were with him were being subdued with sleep.  However, upon awakening fully, they saw his glory and the two men standing with him.  And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them talking together with him, who appeared in glory and spoke of his departure, which he was to accomplish at Jerusalem.
     And it was, in their parting from him, that Peter said to Jesus, "Master, it is good for us to be here; if you desire, let us make three booths here, one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah."  For he knew not what to say, they were very afraid.
     While he was still speaking, a bright cloud came and overshadowed them, and they feared entering the cloud.  And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, "This is my beloved Son, my first born, with whom I am well pleased; LISTEN TO HIM."  Upon hearing this, the disciples fell on their faces, and were filled with awe.  After the voice Jesus was found alone, and coming near, he touched them, saying, "Arise, and have no fear."  And raising their sight, they saw no one but Jesus alone.
     And coming down from the mountain, Jesus directed them, "Tell no one the vision, what you{pl} saw, until the Son of man is raised from the dead."  So they held the message to themselves, questioning what it means, rising from the dead.  But the disciples asked him, saying, "Then why do the theologians say that first Elijah must come?"  Jesus answering said to them, "Elijah indeed comes first, and shall restore all things; but I tell you{pl} that Elijah has already come, and they knew him not, but did to him whatever they pleased; thus also the Son of man is about to suffer at their hands, and be despised."  Then the disciples understood that he spoke to them about John the Baptist.  Then they were quiet, and reported to no one in those days anything which they had seen.

Mark 9:14-29  Mt 17:14-21  Lk 9:37-43  Upon coming to the disciples, he saw a great crowd about them, and theologians arguing with them.  And immediately upon seeing him, all the crowd were greatly amazed, and running up, greeted him.  So he questioned the theologians, "What are you{pl} discussing with them?"  One out of the crowd, a man, came up to him and kneeling down to him answered him, "Teacher, I brought my son to you.  Lord, have mercy on my son, for he has a dumb spirit; he is moonstruck, an epileptic and he suffers terribly.  Wherever it seizes him, it dashes him down and convulses him with foam and he gnashes his teeth and wastes away.  So I brought him to your disciples, but they could not heal him; I begged your disciples that they might cast it out, and they were not able."
     He replying to them, says, "O unbelieving and perverted generation, how long will I be with you{pl}?  How long shall I endure you{pl}?  Bring him to me."  So they brought the boy to him.  Upon seeing Him, immediately the spirit violently convulsed the boy; and falling on the ground, he rolled around foaming.  So Jesus questioned his father, "How long a time is it that this has happened to him?"  And he said, "From childhood.  And often it threw him both into the fire and into the water, to destroy him.  But if you can do anything, help us, have pity on us."  And Jesus said to him, "If you are able to believe, all things are possible to those believing."  Immediately crying out, the father of the child, with tears said, "I believe, Sir; help my unbelief!"
     So Jesus, seeing a crowd running together, rebuked the nasty spirit, saying to it, "You dumb and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him, and never may you enter him again."  So, crying out and severely convulsing him, it came out; and he became as if dead, causing many to say that he died.  But Jesus, having taken him by the hand, lifted him, and he stood up.  Upon his entering a house, his disciples asked him privately, "Why were we not able to cast it out?"  And he said to them, "Because of your unbelief.  This kind can go out by nothing except prayer and fasting.  For truly, I say to you{pl}, if you{pl} have faith as a grain of mustard seed, you{pl} will say to this mountain, 'Move from here to there,' and it will move; and nothing will be impossible to you{pl}."  And all were astounded at the majesty of God.

Mark 9:30-32  Mt 17:22,23  Lk 9:44,45  Going forth from there they passed through Galilee.  And he would not have any one know, for he was teaching his disciples, saying to them, "Lay into your ears these words.  The Son of man will be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill him; and having been killed, he will rise up after three days."  But they did not understand the saying and were afraid to question him.

Mark 9:33-37  Mt 18:1-4  Lk 9:46-48  And they came to Capernaum; and having come into the house he asked them, "What were you{pl} arguing about with yourselves on the way?"  But they were each one silent; for they argued who was the greater on the way.  Upon sitting down, he called the twelve and says to them, "If any one wants to be first, he shall be last of all and servant of all."
     And taking a child, he put him in the midst of them; and having embraced him, he said to them, "Whoever receives one such child in my authority receives me; and whoever receives me, receives not me but the one having sent me; for the one being the lesser among you{pl} all shall be great.  Truly, I say to you{pl}, unless you{pl} convert and become as the children, you{pl} cannot enter into the kingship of the heavens.  Whoever then will humble himself as this child, this one is the greater in the kingship of the heavens."

Mark 9:38-10:2  Mt 5:29,30  18:5-9  Lk 9:49,50  17:1,2  John replied to him, saying, "Teacher, we saw someone who does not follow us casting out demons by your authority, and we forbade him, because he does not follow us."  But Jesus said, "Do not forbid him; for there is no one who shall do a mighty work by my authority and be able soon to speak evil of me.  For who is not against us is for us.  For truly, I say to you{pl}, whoever gives you{pl} a cup of water to drink in my authority, because you{pl} are of Christ[*], in no way will he lose his reward.  Whoever receives one such child in my authority receives me.
     "Woe to the world for causing sin!  It is necessity for temptations to come, but woe to that man by whom the stumbles come!  Whoever causes one of these little ones to stumble, those believing in me, it is gain for him that an ass's millstone be hung round his neck and he be sunk into the depth of the sea.
     "And if your hand causes you{pl} to stumble, cut it off; it is well for you{pl} to enter life maimed than with two hands to go into the garbage dump of Gehenna, to the smoldering fire.  And if your foot causes you{pl} to stumble, cut it off; it is well for you{pl} to enter life lame than with two feet to be cast into the garbage dump of Gehenna.  And if your eye causes you{pl} to stumble, pluck it out; it is well for you{pl} to enter the kingship of God with one eye than with two eyes to be cast into the garbage dump of Gehenna, where the maggots do not cease to exist, and the fire continues to smolder.  For every one has to be salted with fire[5], and every sacrifice will be salted with salt.  Salt is good; but if the salt has lost its saltiness, how will you{pl} season it?  Have salt in yourselves, and be at peace with one another."
     And from there arising, he passes to the borders of Judea and beyond the Jordan, and crowds came together with him again; and again, as he usually did, he taught them.

[*]  This word here is very telling, because Jesus would have never referred to himself in this way. It shows us that the storytellers/compilers of the Synoptic Gospels take great latitude, and do NOT understand the major aspects of the message of Jesus.

[5]  Probably Jesus was meaning purified by the fire of discipline, but these passages are so jumbled up and run together without context that it is infeasible to be dogmatic about the meaning.

Luke 9:51-56  It was in the fulfilling of the days for his ascension, so he set his face to go to Jerusalem and sent messengers before him.  Upon going, they went into a village of the Samaritans, in order to prepare for him.  But they did not receive him, because his face was set toward Jerusalem.  And his disciples, James and John, seeing, said, "Master, do you want us to bid fire come down from the heavens and destroy them, as Elijah did?"  But turning, he rebuked them and said, "You{pl} don't know of what spirit you{pl} are.  For the Son of man came not to destroy the psyches <lives or selves> of men, but to save them."  And they went on to another village.

Matthew 17:24-27  With their coming into Capernaum, those collecting the half‑shekel tax came up to Peter and said, "Does not your teacher pay the half-shekel tax?" He said, "Yes." And when he came home, Jesus waited for him, saying, "What do you think, Simon? The kings of the earth, from whom do they receive tribute or tax? From their sons or from strangers?" Peter says to him, "From strangers." Jesus said to him, "Then indeed the sons are free. However, so that we not offend them, having gone to the sea, cast a hook, and take the first fish coming up, and opening its mouth you will find a shekel; taking that, give it to them for me and yourself."

Luke 9:57-62  Mt 8:18-22  It happened as they were going along the way, that a scholar drawing near said to him, "Teacher, I will follow you wherever you go."  And Jesus said to him, "Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man has nowhere to lay his head."  And he said to another, "Follow me."  But he said, "Sir, let me first go and bury my father."  But he said to him, "Leave the dead to bury their own dead; but going out, you announce the kingship of God."  Another also said, "I will follow you, Lord; but first let me take leave of those at my house."  Jesus said to him, "No one putting his hand to the plow and looking at the things behind is fit for the kingship of God."

Luke 10:1-12,16  After these things the Lord appointed seventy others, and sent them before his presence, two by two, into every town and place where he was about to come.  He then said to them, "Indeed the harvest is plentiful, but the workers few; pray therefore of the Lord of the harvest, that he send out workers into his harvest.  Go!  Behold, I send you{pl} out as lambs in the midst of wolves.  Do not carry a purse, nor a moneybag, nor sandals; and greet no one on the way.  And into whatever house you{pl} may enter, first say, 'Peace to this house!'  And indeed, if a son of peace is there, your peace shall rest upon it; but if not so, it shall return on you{pl}. And remain in the same house, eating and drinking with them, for the worker is worthy of his pay.  Do not move from house to house.
     "Whatever city you{pl} may enter and they receive you{pl}, eat the things being set before you{pl}; and heal the sick in it and say to them, 'The kingship of God has drawn near to you{pl}.'  But whatever city you{pl} enter and they do not receive you{pl}, going out into its streets, say, 'Even the dust out of your city clinging to us, we brush off against you{pl}; yet know this, that the kingship of God has drawn near to you{pl}.'  I tell you{pl}, for Sodom in that day, it shall be more tolerable than for that city.  Those hearing you{pl}, hear me, and he rejecting you{pl} rejects me, and he rejecting me rejects the one having sent me."

Matthew 11:20-24  Lk 10:13-16  Then he began to reproach the cities in which most of his mighty works had occurred, because they did not repent.  "Woe to you, Chorazin!  Woe to you, Bethsaida!  Because if the mighty works done in you{pl} occurred in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. So I tell you{pl}, it shall be more tolerable on the day of justice for Tyre and Sidon than for you{pl}.  And you, Capernaum, who has been exalted to heaven, shall be brought down to be unseen, for if the powerful works occurred in Sodom happening in you, it would have lasted until today. But I tell you that it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom on the day of justice than for you. Those hearing you{pl} hear me, and he rejecting you{pl} rejects me; and he rejecting me rejects the one having sent me."

Luke 10:17-20     The seventy returned with joy, saying, "Master, even the demons submit to us in your authority!"  So he said to them, "I saw the Obstructor fall as lightning from heaven.  Behold, I have given you{pl} the authority to tread on snakes and scorpions, and on all the power of the enemy; and nothing in any way shall hurt you{pl}.  More than this, stop rejoicing that the spirits submit to you{pl}; but rather rejoice that your names are written in the heavens."

Luke 10:21-24  Mt 11:25-30  In the same hour he exulted in his spirit and declared, "I praise you, Father, Master of heaven and earth, for you hid these things from the sophisticated and cunning and revealed them to babes; yea, Father, for thus it was well pleasing to you.  All things have been delivered to me by my Father; and no one understands the Son except the Father, or understands the Father except the Son and any one to whom the Son may select[6] to reveal him."
     Then turning to the disciples he said privately, "Blessed the eyes seeing what you{pl} see!  For I declare to you{pl} that many prophets and kings desired to see what you{pl} see, and did not see, and to hear what you{pl} hear, and did not hear.  Come to me, all the ones laboring and being burdened, and I will give you{pl} rest.  Take my yoke upon you{pl}, and learn from me; for I am gentle and modest in heart, and you{pl} will find rest for your psyches <selves>.  For my yoke is pleasant and my burden is light."

[6]  This would be anyone who had the courage to listen to their heart, their idealistic internal reference point.

Luke 10:25-28  And behold, a certain lawyer stood up, testing him, saying, "Teacher, by doing what may I possess eternal life?" He said to him, "What is written in the canon?  How do you read?"  And he answering said, "You shall love the Lord your God from all your mind, and from all your psyche, and from all your ability, and from all your comprehension; and your neighbor as yourself."  And he said to him, "You answered rightly; do this, and you will live."

[7]  In all likelihood, this is the same event as recorded in Mark 12:28-34 and Matthew 22:34-40, but just recounted a different way by Luke using a different source.

Luke 10:29-37  But he, willing to justify himself, said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"  Taking this up, Jesus replied, "A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who both stripping and beating him, went away, leaving him half dead.  By coincidence a certain priest was going that way, and upon seeing him passed by the opposite side.  And also a Levite, coming to and being at the place and seeing, passed by the opposite side.  But one traveling Samaritan came upon him; and upon seeing him was filled with compassion.  And coming up he bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine, and placing him on his own beast brought him to an inn, and took care of him.  Going out the next day and taking out two denarii, he gave them to the innkeeper, saying, 'Take care of him; and whatever more you spend, upon returning I will repay.'  Which of these three, does it seem to you to have become neighbor to those falling among robbers?"  He said, "The one doing the kindness to him."  Then Jesus said to him, "You go and do likewise."

Luke 10:38-42  It happened in their traveling that he entered a certain village; and a certain one named Martha received him into her house.  And to this one was a sister called Mary, who, sitting at the feet of Jesus, heard his teaching.  But Martha was distracted with much serving; and coming forward she said, "Sir, don't you care that my sister has left me to serve alone?  Tell her then that she should help me."  Jesus answering said to her, "Martha, Martha, you are anxious and concerned about many things, but one thing is needed.  Mary chose the good part, which shall not be taken from her."

Matthew 6:1-4  "Take care that you{pl} don't do your merciful deeds before men in order to be seen by them.  Otherwise you{pl} will have no reward from your Father in the heavens.  Then when you{pl} extend sharing, do not trumpet before you{pl}, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they may be praised by men.  Truly, I say to you{pl}, they have their reward.  But with you{pl} extending sharing, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, so that your sharing may be in secret; and your Father seeing in secret will reward you{pl} in the open.

Matthew 6:5-15  Lk 11:1-4  He being in a certain place was praying, and as he ceased, a certain one of his disciples said to him, "Sir, teach us to pray, even as John taught his disciples."  And he said to them, "When you{pl} pray, you{pl} shall not be like the hypocrites; for they love standing in the synagogues and at the open street corners to pray, so that they may be seen by men.  Truly, I say to you{pl}, they have their reward.
     "But when you{pl} pray go into your room, and shutting the door, pray to your Father in secret; and your Father seeing in secret will reward you{pl} in the open.  But when praying, do not use vain repetition as the Gentiles do; for they think that by many phrases they will be heard.  Do not be like them, for your Father knows what things you{pl} have need for before you{pl} ask him.  You{pl} then pray like this:

Our Father in the heavens,
Let your name be hallowed.
Let your kingship come.
Let your will be done,
also on earth as it is in heaven.
You give us today our daily bread;
and you dismiss our debts,
as we also forgive our debtors;
and you lead us not into being tested,
but you deliver us from evil.
Because of you is the kingship, and the power,
and the glory for the ages. So be it.

     "For if you{pl} forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you{pl}; but if you{pl} do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses."[8]

[8]   In keeping with the paradigm, this would be temporary until the Age of Justice.

Matthew 6:16-18  "And when you{pl} fast[9], do not be as the hypocrites, for darkening their countenances, they disfigure their faces so that their fasting may be noticed by men.  Truly, I say to you{pl}, they have their reward.  But with you{pl} fasting, anoint your head and wash your face, so as not to appear fasting to men, but to your Father in secret; and your Father seeing in secret will reward you{pl} in the open."

[9]   Jesus is not advocating fasting here but merely telling them how they should do it if they find it appropriate.

Luke 11:5-8  And he said to them, "Which one of you{pl} shall have a friend and will go to him at midnight and say to him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves, since a friend of mine has arrived on a journey, and I have nothing that I may set before him'; and the one within answering may say, 'Don't cause me bother; the door now has been shut, and my children are with me in bed; I cannot get up and give to you'?  I tell you{pl}, even if he will not give to him, rising up because he is his friend, yet because of his importunity, rising, he will give to him as many as he needs."

Matthew 7:7-12  Lk 11:9-13  "And I say to you{pl}, ask, and it will be given you{pl}; seek, and you{pl} will find; knock, and it will be opened to you{pl}.  For each one asking receives, and he seeking finds, and it will be opened to the one knocking.  Or what man of you{pl}, if his son should ask him for bread, will instead give him a stone?  Or if he should ask for a fish, will give him a snake?  Or if he should ask for an egg, will give him a scorpion?  If you{pl} then, being miserable, know good gifts to give to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those asking him?  How much more will the heavenly Father give the God Spirit to those asking him?!  So whatever you desire that men would do to you{pl}, do also to them; for this is the Law and the Prophets."[10]

[10]  This "golden rule"has probably been tacked onto the end of this parable one aspect of the valid meaning of the Old Testament canon, and we can see how badly they misinterpreted and misunderstood. It should be stated that almost without exception the thing that is advised to be requested and then promised it the truth and not special "blessings"in our lives. All the rest comes after the Kingship of the Heavens is entered.

Matthew 7:13,14  "Enter in through the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and wide is the way leading away into destruction, and those entering in through it are many.  Because narrow the gate and constricted the way leading into Life, and those finding it are few."

Matthew 7:15-20  Lk 6:43-45  But beware of the false prophets, who come to you{pl} in sheep's clothing; but within they are plundering wolves.  For no good tree is producing bad fruit, nor a bad tree producing good fruit.  From their fruits you{pl} will know them, for each tree is known by its own fruit.  Do they either gather grapes from thorns or figs from thistles?  They do not gather figs out of thorns, nor grapes out of bramble.  So, every good tree produces good fruit, but the corrupt tree produces bad fruit.  A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can a corrupt tree produce good fruit.  Every tree not producing good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.  The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth the good, and the evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart brings forth evil; for out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks.  Surely from their fruits you{pl} will know them."

Matthew 7:21-23  "Not everyone saying to me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter into the kingship of the heavens, but those doing the desire of my Father in the heavens.  Many will say to me in that day, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy by your authority, and cast out demons by your authority, and perform many works of power by your authority?'  And then I will declare to them, 'I never knew you{pl}; depart from me, those working against order.'"

Matthew 7:28,29  And it happened when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one having authority, not as the theologians.

Matthew 12:22-29  Mk 3:20-27  Lk 11:14-22  Then he comes into a house, and a crowd comes together again, so that they are not even able to eat food.  And having heard him, his family went to seize him,[11a] for people were saying, "He is insane."  Then a problem-plagued blind and dumb man was brought to him, and he healed him, so that the blind and dumb man could both speak and see.  And all the crowd were amazed, and said, "Is this not the Son of David?"  But upon hearing, the Pharisees said, "This man casts out demons only by Beelzebul, the prince of demons"; while others, testing him, were seeking from him a sign from heaven.
     Knowing their thoughts, Jesus said to them, "Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to ruin, and every city or house divided against itself will not stand; and if the Obstructor casts out the Obstructor he is divided against himself.  How then will his kingdom stand?  For you{pl} say that I cast out demons by Beelzebul.  But if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by what do your sons cast them out?  Therefore they shall be your judges.  But if by the finger or True Mentality[11b] of God I cast them out, then the kingship of God has come upon you{pl}.
     "When the strong man, being armed, guards his own dwelling, his goods are in peace.  How can anyone enter the house of a strong man and plunder his goods, if he does not first bind the strong man?  When one stronger than he overcomes him and takes away his armor on which he relied and disperses his arms, THEN he may plunder his house."

[11a]  Note that his own family, probably his brothers including James, were embarrassed because of his claims and what he was saying about the Sabbath and other things pillars of dogma.

Matthew 12:30-32  Mk 3:28-30  Lk 11:23  "The one not being with me is against me, and he not gathering with me scatters.  Because of this, I tell you{pl} truly, all the sins of the sons of men and whatever calumnies they have blasphemed, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the True Mentality will not be forgiven.  And whoever speaks a word against the Son of man will be forgiven; but whoever speaks against the Holy True Mentality, whoever rails against the Holy True Mentality[12a] has not forgiveness within this age, neither in this age nor the coming one, but is liable to judgment for the sin of the ages"[12b] ‑‑ for they had said, "He has a corrupt mentality."

[12a]  Spirit.
[12b]  Notice that the proper translations does NOT say that this transgression will NEVER be forgiven, but just not in that age and the next one. This is the great sin of all time—to not respond to the spirit of truth—but that doesn't mean that the unforgiveness lasts forever.

Matthew 12:33-37  "Either make the tree good, and its fruit good; or make the tree corrupt, and its fruit corrupt; for of the fruit is the tree known.  You{pl} offspring of vipers! how can you{pl} speak good concepts, being corrupt?  For out of the store of the spiritual mind the mouth speaks.  The good man out of treasure of his spiritual mind brings forth good, and the evil man out of his evil treasure puts forth evil.  But I tell you{pl}, men will render an account on the day of justice for every careless idea they may utter; for by your concepts you{pl} will be justified, and by your concepts you{pl} will be condemned."

Matthew 12:38-42  Lk 11:29-32  When the crowds were pressing on him, then some of the theologians and Pharisees said to him, "Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you."  But he answering said to them, "An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign; but a sign shall not be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet.  For as Jonah became a sign to the men of Nineveh, so will the Son of man be to this generation.  Even as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the huge fish, so will the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.  The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment[13] with this generation and condemn it; for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, one greater than Jonah is here.  The queen of the South will be raised at the judgment with this generation and condemn it; for she came from the limits of the world to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, one greater than Solomon is here."

[13]  The age of justice.

Matthew 12:43-45  Lk 11:24-28  "When the corrupt mentality[14] goes out of a man, it passes through arid places seeking rest, but it finds not.  Then it says, 'I will return to my house from which I came.'  And coming it finds it empty, being swept, and being decorated.  Then it goes and takes with it seven other mentalities more corrupt than itself, and entering they dwell there; and the last situation of that man becomes worse than the first.  Thus will it be also with this evil generation."
     While he was saying this, a certain woman lifting her voice over the crowd said to him, "Blessed is the womb having bore you, and the breasts which you sucked!"  But he said, "No, blessed rather are those who hear the message of God and pay attention to it!"

[14]  Foul Spirit. This parable indicates that it is not enough to stop believing falsely, but it is necessary to believe the truth.

Luke 11:37-54  Mt 23:23-28  And while speaking, a certain Pharisee asked that he would dine with him; going in he reclined.  Upon seeing this the Pharisee pondered that he did not first wash before dinner.  And the Master said to him, "Woe to you{pl}, theologians and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you{pl} cleanse the outside of the cup and the dish, but inside they are full of extortion, thievery and excess.  You{pl} fools!  Did not the one making the outside make the inside also?  You blind Pharisee! first cleanse the inside of the cup and the dish, so that the outside of them also may become clean.  Then give compassion from the things being within; and behold, everything is clean for you{pl}.
     "Woe to you{pl}, theologians and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you{pl} tithe mint and dill and cumin, and ignore the discernment and love of God, and you{pl} have abandoned the weightier matters of the canon, justice and mercy and faith; these things one should do, and not abandon the others. You{pl} blind guides, the ones straining out the gnat and swallowing the camel!
     "Woe to you{pl} Pharisees! for you{pl} love the high seat in the synagogues and the salutations in the markets.
     "Woe to you{pl}, theologians and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you{pl} are like unseen graves, and men walking over don't know it; you{pl} are like whitewashed sepulchres, which indeed outwardly appear beautiful, but within they are full of dead bones and all foulness. So you{pl} also indeed outwardly appear reasonable to men, but within you{pl} are full of hypocrisy and disorder."
     One of the lawyers answering says to him, "Teacher, in saying these things you insult us also."  And he said, "Woe to you{pl} lawyers also! for you{pl} load men with burdens difficult to bear, and you{pl} yourselves don't touch the burdens with one of your fingers.  Woe to you{pl} because you{pl} build the tombs of the prophets, yet your fathers killed them. Then you{pl} are witnesses and consenters to the deeds of your fathers; for they indeed killed them, and you{pl} build their tombs. Because of this also, the Wisdom of God said,

     'I will send them prophets and apostles,
      and some of them they will kill and ban,'

that the blood of all the prophets having been shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation, from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, killed between the altar and the sanctuary.  Yes, I tell you{pl}, it will be required of this generation.
     "Woe to you lawyers! for you{pl} took the key of knowledge; you{pl} yourselves did not enter, and those entering you{pl} kept out."
     As he was saying these things the theologians and the Pharisees began to be terribly angry, and lying in wait for him to trick him concerning many things, and to provoke him to speak of many things, lying in wait for him, and seeking to catch something from his mouth so they might accuse him.

Matthew 10:24-33  Lk 12:4-7  "A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a slave above his master; it is enough for the disciple to become like his teacher, and the slave like his master.  If they called the master of the house 'Lord of the Flies', how much more those of his household.
     "But then you{pl} should not fear them; for nothing<no truth> is veiled that will not be unveiled, and nothing that will not be revealed.  What I say to you{pl} in the darkness, go ahead and say in the light; and what you{pl} hear in the ear, you{pl} proclaim upon the housetops.  And I say to you{pl} my friends, you{pl} should not fear the things killing the body, but after that have no more that they can do, not being able to kill the psyche; rather fear the things[15] being able to destroy both the psyche and the body in Gehenna.  Are not two sparrows sold for a penny?  Are not five sparrows sold for two pennies?  And not one of them is being forgotten before God; not one of them will fall to the earth without your Father knowing.  But even the hairs of your head are all numbered.  Therefore do not fear; your value exceeds a multitude of sparrows.  So then, every one who will proclaim me before men, I also will proclaim before my Father who is in heaven; but whoever denies me before men, I also will deny before my Father who is in heaven."

[15]  Ideas or beliefs are the things able to destroy both.

Matthew 10:34-39  "Do not think that I have come to cast peace on the earth; I came not to cast peace, but a sword.  For I came to dissever[16] a man from his father, and a daughter from her mother, and a daughter‑in‑law from her mother‑in‑law; a man's <spiritual> enemies can be those of his own household.  The one loving father or mother above me is not worthy of me; and the one loving son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me; he who does not pull up his tethering stake and follow me is not worthy of me.  He finding his psyche <usual life> will lose it, but he losing his psyche <usual life> on my account will find it."

[16]  Jesus is saying here to separate spiritually from tradition, change a man's theology.

Matthew 10:40-42  "He receiving you{pl} receives me, and he receiving me receives the one who sent me.  He receiving a prophet in the authority of a prophet shall receive a prophet's reward, and he receiving a righteous man in the authority of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man's reward.  And whoever gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones in the authority of a follower, truly, I say to you{pl}, in no way shall he lose his reward."

Lk 12:8-12  "And I tell you{pl}, every one who acknowledges me before men, the Son of man also will acknowledge before the messengers of God.  But the one denying me before men will be denied before the messengers of God.  And every one who speaks a word against the Son of man will be forgiven; but those blaspheming against the Holy REAL MEANING will not be forgiven.  And when they bring you{pl} in before synagogues and rulers and authorities, do not be anxious about how or what you{pl} are to answer or what you{pl} are to say; for the Holy Mentality[17] will teach you{pl} at that same time what you{pl} should say."

[17]  Spirit.

Luke 12:13-21  One from the crowd said to him, "Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me." But he said to him, "Man, who appointed me a judge or divider over you?"  And he said to them, "Take care, and keep away from all covetousness; for the abundance of life to anyone is not from his existing things."
     And he spoke a parable to them, saying, "The land of a certain rich man produced well.  He reasoned within himself, saying, 'What may I do, for I have nowhere to gather my crops?'  And he said, 'I will do this: I will raze my barns, and I will build larger; and there I will gather all my produce and my goods. And I will say to myself, Self, you have ample goods laid up for many years; take rest, eat, drink, be glad.'  But God said to him, 'Fool! This night they demand your psyche <usual life> from you; and that which you have prepared, to whom will it be?'  So is the one treasuring for himself, not being rich toward God."

Luke 12:35-40  "Let yourself be dressed and your lamps burning, and be like men awaiting their master, when he returns from the feasts, so that knocking, they will open to him at once. Blessed those servants whom the master, coming, will find watching; truly, I say to you{pl}, he will gird himself and have them to recline, and coming up he will serve them.  If he comes in the second watch, or even comes in the third, and finds them so, blessed are those servants! But know this, that if the housemaster had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would have watched and not let his house be broken into.  You{pl} then be prepared; for the Son of man passes at a time you{pl} don't expect."

Luke 12:49-59  "I came to cast fire upon the earth; and how much I wish it were already kindled! I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how I am constrained until it is finished! Do you{pl} think that I came to give peace on earth? No, I tell you{pl}, but rather division; for from now on in one house there will be five having been divided, three against two and two against three will be divided; father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against her mother, mother‑in‑law against her daughter‑in‑law and daughter‑in‑law against her mother‑in‑law."
     He also said to the crowds, "When you{pl} see the cloud rising in the west, at once you{pl} say, 'A storm is coming'; and so it happens.  And when a south wind is blowing, you{pl} say, 'It will be hot'; and it happens. You{pl} hypocrites! You{pl} know how to read the appearance of earth and sky; but you{pl} do not know how to interpret the present time?
     "And why do you{pl} for yourselves not judge the righteous?  As you{pl} go with your accuser to a magistrate, make an effort to settle with him, so that he doesn't drag you{pl} to the judge, and the judge will deliver you{pl} to the officer, and the officer throw you{pl} into prison. I tell you{pl}, in no way may you{pl} leave there until you{pl} have paid even the last copper."

Matthew 25:1-13  "Then the kingship of the heavens shall be compared to ten maidens who took their lamps and went out to a meeting of the bridegroom. Five of them were prudent, and five were fools. Those fools, having taken their lamps, took no oil with them; but the prudent took oil in their flasks with their lamps. But with the bridegroom delaying, they all nodded and slept. But at midnight there was a cry, 'Behold, the bridegroom comes! Go forth to meet him.' Then all those maidens arose and prepared their lamps.  And the foolish said to the prudent, 'Give us of your oil, for our lamps are going out.' But the prudent replied, saying, 'No, it might not be enough for us and for you{pl}; go rather to those selling and buy for yourselves.'  Upon their going away to buy, the bridegroom came, and those prepared went in with him to the marriage feast; and the door was shut. Later the other maidens came also, saying, 'Lord, lord, open to us.'  But he answering, said, 'Truly, I say to you{pl}, I do not know you{pl}.' Watch therefore, for you{pl} do not know the time nor the situation in which the Son of man passes."[18]

[18]  This last sentence is a reference to Jesus' impending crucifixion and resurrection, and the whole parable applies to that time.

Matthew 25:14-30  "For it is as if a man going abroad called his own servants and entrusted to them his property; to one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one, to each according to his ability; and then went away.  He receiving the five talents, going, traded with them and he gained five other talents.  Likewise, he receiving the two talents gained two other talents.  But he receiving the one talent, going, dug in the ground and hid his master's silver.  So after a long time the master of those servants comes and takes account with them.  And coming forward, he receiving the five talents brought the other five talents, saying, 'Master, you delivered five talents to me; behold another five talents I gained over them.'  His master said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over a few, I will set you over many; enter into the joy of your master.'
     "And also coming forward, the one receiving the two talents said, 'Master, you delivered two talents to me; behold another two talents I gained over them.'  His master said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant; you have been faithful over a few, I will set you over many; enter into the joy of your master.'
     Also coming forward, the one having received the one talent said, 'Master, I knew you to be a severe man, reaping from where you did not sow, and gathering from where you did not scatter; fearing this and going away, I hid your talent in the ground.  Behold, you have yours.'  But his master answered him, 'You miserable and slothful servant!  You knew that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I scattered not?  Then it behooved you to have put my money with the bankers, and coming I would have received my own again with interest.  Therefore take the talent from him, and give it to him having the ten talents.  For to him having, all will be given, and he will abound; but from the one having not, even what he has will be taken from him.  And throw out the worthless servant into the outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'"

Matthew 25:31-46  "When the Son of man comes into his glory, and all the holy doctrines with him, then he will sit on his glorious seat of power, and before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate them one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats, and he will set the sheep at his right hand, but the goats at the left.  Then will the King say to those at his right hand, 'Come, blessed of my Father, possess the kingship prepared for you{pl} from the foundation of the world.  For I hungered and you{pl} gave to eat, I thirsted and you{pl} gave me drink, I was a stranger and you{pl} took me in; naked, and you{pl} clothed me, I was sick and you{pl} visited me, I was in prison and you{pl} came to me.'
     "Then the righteous will answer him, saying, 'Master, when did we see you hungering, and fed you, or thirsting, and gave you drink; and when did we see you a stranger and took you in, or naked, and clothed you?  And when did we see you sick or in prison, and come to you?'  And answering the King will say to them, 'Truly, I say to you{pl}, even as you{pl} did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you{pl} did it to me.'
     "Then he will say to those at his left, 'Those cursed depart from me into the fire[21] of all ages prepared for the diabolical one and his doctrines; for I hungered and you{pl} gave me nothing to eat, I thirsted and you{pl} gave me nothing to drink, I was a stranger and you{pl} did not take me in, naked and you{pl} did not clothe me, sick and in prison and you{pl} did not visit me.'
     "Then they also will answer him, 'Lord, when did we see you hungering, or thirsting, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister to you?'  Then he will answer them, saying, 'Truly, I say to you{pl}, as you{pl} did it not to one of the least, you{pl} did it not to me.'  And these will go away into the punishment of all the ages[22], but the righteous into the life of all ages."

[19]  This parable applies to the time of the crucifixion and resurrection.

[20]  This parable applies to the time of the crucifixion and resurrection.

[21]  In the idiom of the day, fire stood for punishment, or a difficult discipline, or a purifying process, and in no way should this word be taken as literal when Jesus is talking about people.

[22]  The concept here is not one of everlasting duration, but means the greatest punishment or life changing experience of all time.

Luke 13:1-5  Some were present at the same time reporting to him about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices. And answering, Jesus said to them, "Do you{pl} think that those Galileans were sinners above all the other Galileans, because they have suffered these things? No, I tell you{pl}, but unless you{pl} repent you{pl} will all likewise die. Or those eighteen upon whom the tower in Siloam fell and killed them, do you{pl} think that they were worse offenders than all men, those dwelling in Jerusalem? No, I tell you{pl}, but unless you{pl} repent you{pl} will all likewise die."[23] 

[23]  This is one of the few passages in the synoptic Gospels that rather directly implies that Jesus is offering imminent immortality to the believer that follows his instructions.

Luke 13:6-9  And he told this parable: "A man had a certain fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came seeking fruit on it, and he found none.  And he said to the vinedresser, 'Behold, three years I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree and find none.  Cut it down; why does it even spoil the ground?'  And he answering, said to him, 'Sir, Leave it also this year, until I may dig around it and put on manure, and another if it bears fruit; but if not, in the future you may cut it down.'"

Combined Synoptic Gospels Part 4 of 6

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