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Part 4 of 6

Table of Contents

133-LAST WHO WILL BE FIRST  Luke 13:22-3
134-THREE DAYS TO FINISH  Luke 13:31-33
135-LAMENT OVER JERUSALEM  Luke 13:34,35  Mt 23:37-39
141-ANALOGY OF SALTINESS  Luke 14:34,35
142-PARABLE OF LOST SHEEP  Luke 15:1-7  Mt 18:10-14
143-PARABLE OF THE LOST COIN  Luke 15:8-10
144-PARABLE OF THE LOST SON  Luke 15:11-32
146-CANNOT SERVE TWO MASTERS  Luke 16:10-13  Mt 6:24
147-EXALTED AMONG MEN VS GOD  Luke 16:14-17
148-SCORNING JEWISH MORALITY  Matt 5:27,28,31,32  Mk 10:11  Lk 16:18
149-IF BROTHER FAULTS YOU  Matt 18:15-17
151-HOW OFTEN TO FORGIVE  Matt 18:21-35
152-JESUS GOES TO JUDEA  Matt 19:1,2  Mk 10:1
153-TWO SHALL BECOME ONE FLESH  Matt 19:3-12  Mk 10:2-12
158-TEN LEPERS HEALED Luke 17:11-19
162-CHILDREN COME  Mark 10:13-16  Mt 19:13-15  Lk 18:15-17
163-RICH YOUNG RULER  Mark 10:17-22  Mt 19:16-22  Lk 18:18-23
164-EYE OF A NEEDLE  Mark 10:23-31  Mt 19:23-30  Lk 18:24-30
166-DEATH AND RESURRECTION FORETOLD  Mark 10:32-34  Mt 20:17-19  Lk 18:31-34
167-A MOTHER'S AMBITION  Matt 20:20-28  Mark 10:35-45
168-HEALING BLIND BARTIMAEUS  Mark 10:46-52  Mt 20:29-34  Lk 18:35-43
170-PARABLE OF THE POUNDS  Luke 19:11-27
171-ENTERING JERUSALEM TO HOSANNAS  Mark 11:1-11  Mt 21:1-11  Lk 19:28-40
172-BARREN TREE AS SYMBOL CURSED  Mark 11:12-14  Mt 21:18,19
174-CLEANING OUT THE DEN OF ROBBERS  Matt 21:12-17  Mk 11:15-19  Lk 19:45-48
175-FAITH AND THE WITHERED FIG TREE  Mark 11:20-26  Mt 21:20-22
176-BY WHAT AUTHORITY ARE YOU DOING  Matt 21:23-27  Mk 11:27-33  Lk 20:1-8
178-PARABLE OF THE WICKED TENANTS  Mark 12:1-12  Mt 21:33-46  Lk 20:9-18
179-RENDER UNTO CAESAR  Matt 22:15-22  Mk 12:13-17  Lk 20:19-26
180-TRICK QUESTION ABOUT RESURRECTION  Luke 20:27-40  Mt 22:23-33  Mk 12:18-27

Luke 13:10-17  Now he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath holidays.  And behold, there was a woman having a spirit of infirmity for eighteen years; and she was bent over and was not able to be fully erect.  Seeing her, Jesus called her near and said to her, "Woman, you have been freed from your infirmity."  And he laid his hands on her, and immediately she was made erect, and she praised God.
     But the synagogue ruler reacting, being upset that Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, said to the people, "There are six days in which it is right to work; coming on those, then be healed, and not on the Sabbath holiday."  Then the Master answered him, "You{pl} hypocrites!  Does not each one of you{pl} on the Sabbath holiday free his ox or his ass from the manger, and lead it away to water it?  And this woman being a daughter of Abraham whom the Obstructer bound[1], behold, for eighteen years, was it not right to free her from this bond on the Sabbath holiday?"  And with him saying this, all those opposing him were put to shame; and all the people rejoiced at all the glorious things happening because of him.

[1]  Notice this physical disorder of not being able to straighten her back is referred to as "spirit of infirmity" and "Satan bound".  The Hebrew word Satan means obstructer, blocker or interferer.

Matthew 13:44  "The kingship of the heavens is like treasure hidden in a field, which having found, a man hid; then from the joy of it ,he goes and sells all of whatever he has and buys that field."

Matthew 13:45,46  "Again, the kingship of the heavens is like a merchantman seeking excellent pearls, who, upon finding one very precious pearl, and going away, has sold everything that he owns and bought it."

Matthew 13:47-52  "Again, the kingship of the heavens is like a net thrown into the sea, and gathering together every kind; then when it was filled, men, drawing it to shore and sitting down, collected those valuable into containers, but the worthless they threw out.  So it will be at the finish of the age.  The doctrines will go out and separate the miserable from the reasonable, and will throw them into the furnace of fire; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth."
     Jesus says to them, "Have you{pl} understood all this?"  They say to him, "Yes, Sir."  And he said to them, "Because of this, every scholar trained about the kingship of the heavens is like a man, a master of a house, who puts out of his treasure new and old."

Luke 13:22-30  He traveled throughout towns and villages teaching, and making progress toward Jerusalem.  And one said to him, "Sir, those being saved are few?"  And he said to them,  "Strive to enter by the narrow door; I tell you{pl} that many will seek to enter in and will not have strength.  After the householder is risen and shuts the door, you{pl} begin to stand outside and to knock at the door, saying, 'Lord, lord, open to us.'  He answering says to you{pl}, 'I don't know you{pl}, from where you{pl} are.'  Then you{pl} will begin to say, 'We ate and drank in your presence, and you taught in our streets.'  But he will say, 'I tell you{pl}, I don't know you{pl}, where you{pl} come from; stand away from me, all you{pl} workers of unreasonableness!'  There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you{pl} see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingship of God and you{pl} being thrust outside.  And they will come from east and west, and from north and south, and relax in the kingship of God.  And behold, some who are last will be first, and some who are first will be last."

Luke 13:31-33  That same day certain Pharisees came to him, saying to him, "Get out and go away from here, because Herod wants to kill you."  And he said to them, "Upon going, tell that fox, 'Behold, I cast out demons and accomplish cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I finish my course.  But today and tomorrow and the day following I must travel on, because it cannot be for a prophet to perish outside Jerusalem.'"

Luke 13:34,35  Mt 23:37-39  "Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one killing the prophets and stoning those having been sent to you!  How often I desired to gather your children together in the way a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you wanted not!  Behold, your house is left to you desolate.  And truly I tell you that in no way will you see me until it comes about when you say,

     'Blessed the one coming in the name of the Master!'"

Luke 14:1-6  It happened as he was going in to dine at the house of one of the leaders of the Pharisees, and they were carefully watching him. And behold, a certain man before him was suffering from dropsy.  And responding, Jesus said to the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, "Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?" But they were silent. Then taking him, he healed him, and dismissed him. And responding to them he said, "Which of you{pl}, if an ass or an ox should fall into a pit, will not right then pull him out on a Sabbath holiday?"  And they were not able to reply to him against these things.

Luke 14:7-14  So he told a parable to those having been invited, noting how they were choosing the seats of honor, saying to them, "When you{pl} are invited by anyone to feasts, do not sit down in a seat of honor, lest one more eminent than you{pl} be invited by him; and he coming to you{pl} and inviting him will say to you{pl}, 'Give this man the place,' and then you{pl} begin with shame to take the last place.  Rather when you{pl} are invited, going, sit down in the last place, so that when he comes inviting you{pl} he may say to you{pl}, 'Friend, go up higher'.  Then there will be honor to you{pl} in the presence of those sitting with you{pl}.  For every one exalting himself will be humbled, and he humbling himself will be exalted."
     And he also said to those inviting him, "When you{pl} give a dinner or a banquet, do not invite your friends, nor your brothers, nor your relatives, nor rich neighbors, lest they also invite you{pl} in return, and it becomes to you{pl} a repayment.  But when you{pl} throw a party, invite the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind, and you{pl} will be blessed, for they don't have that with which to repay you{pl}.  For it will be repaid to you{pl} at the resurrection of the just."

Luke 14:15-24  One of those attending with him, hearing these things, said to him, "Blessed, those eating bread in the kingship of God!"  But he said to him, "A certain man gave a great banquet, invited many, and sent his servant at the time for the banquet to say to those having been invited, 'Come; for it is all now ready.'  But they all the same began to beg off.  The first said to him, 'I have bought a field, and I must go out and see it; I ask you, have me excused.'  And another said, 'I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I am going to try them out; I ask you, have me excused.'  And another said, 'I married a wife, and for this reason I cannot come.'
     "Coming up, that servant reported all this to his master.  Then being angry, the housemaster said to his servant, 'Go out quickly to the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in here the poor and maimed and lame and blind.'  Then the servant said, 'Sir, it has been done as you ordered, but still there is room.'  So the master said to the servant, 'Go out to the highways and hedges and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.  For I tell you, that not one of those men having been invited shall taste my banquet.'"

Matthew 22:1-14  Responding, again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, "The kingship of the heavens is likened to a man, a king, who gave a wedding feast for his son.  He sent his servants to call those being invited to the wedding.  But they did not wish to come.  Again he sent other servants, saying, 'Tell those invited, Behold, I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my fatted calves are killed, and everything is ready.  Come to the wedding feast.'  But they, not caring, went off, one to his field, and one to his trading; however, the rest, seizing his servants, insulted them and killed them.
     "Upon hearing of this, the king became angry, and sending his troops, he destroyed those murderers and burned their city.  Then he said to his servants, 'Indeed, the wedding is ready, but those invited were not worthy.  Therefore you{pl} go to the thoroughfare exits, and invite to the feast as many as you{pl} find.'  And going forth into the streets those servants gathered all of many they found, both bad and good; and the wedding was filled with guests.
     "Upon coming in to look at those attending, the king saw there a man not being dressed in a wedding garment.  So he said to him, 'Friend, how did you enter here without a wedding garment?'  But he was silent.  Then the king said to the servants, 'Binding his feet and hands, take him away and throw him out into the outer darkness.  There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'  For many are called, but few selected."

Luke 14:25-33  Many crowds came together with him; and turning he said to them, "If any one comes to me and does not disregard his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, besides even his own psyche <usual lifestyle>, he cannot be my disciple.  Whoever does not pull up his tethering stake and follow after me, he cannot be my disciple[2].
    "For which of you{pl}, desiring to build a tower, does not first, sitting down, count the cost, whether he has enough to finish?  Else in laying a foundation, and not having enough assets to completely finish, those seeing begin to mock him, saying, 'This man began to build, and had not the assets to finish.'  Or what king, going to attack another king in war, does not first sit and take counsel whether he is able with ten thousand to meet those with twenty thousand coming against him?  And if not, yet with him a great way off, sending a delegation, he asks terms of peace.  So therefore, everyone of you{pl} who does not abandon all his possessions[3] is not able to be my disciple."

[2]  Again Jesus here is speaking about a man hating his father's religion or philosophy or way of life, and hating his own pattern of life based on his earthly father and external, worldly things; certainly not hating the person or his true self-identity.  Pulling up your stake means cutting loose from the old religion and inculcating the concepts and values of Jesus.

[3]  This primarily refers to old spiritual possessions, i.e., false ideas, beliefs and doctrines.

Luke 14:34,35  "Salt is good; but if the salt becomes useless, with what will it be seasoned?  It is fit neither for soil nor for fertilizer.  They throw it away.  He who has ears to hear, let him hear."

Luke 15:1-7  Mt 18:10-14  Now all the tax collectors and sinners were drawing near to him to hear him.  And the Pharisees and the theologians murmured, saying, "This one receives sinners and eats with them."  {Jesus said}, "See that you{pl} do not despise one of these little ones; for I declare to you{pl} that their messages in the heavens always see the face of my Father in the heavens.  For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost."
     So he told them this parable: "What do you{pl} think?  What man of you{pl}, having a hundred sheep, and one of them wanders away, does not leave the ninety‑nine in the wilderness, and go in search after the one that wandered away, until he finds it?  And finding, he puts it on his shoulders, rejoicing.  Upon coming home, he calls together his friends and neighbors, saying to them, 'Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep having strayed.'  I tell you{pl}, that there is thus more joy in the heavens over one repenting sinner than over ninety‑nine righteous who have no need of repentance.  So it is not the will in the estimation of your Father in the heavens that one of these little ones should die."

Luke 15:8-10  "Or what woman, having ten coins, if she loses one coin, does not light a lamp and sweep the house and look carefully until she finds it?  Upon finding it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, 'Rejoice with me, for I have the coin which I lost.'  Therefore, I tell you{pl}, there is joy before the messengers of God over one repenting sinner."

Luke 15:11-32  And he said, "A certain man had two sons.  The younger of them said to the father, 'Father, give me the share of the property falling to me.'  So he divided his livelihood between them.  Not many days after this, the younger son, gathering all his things, went away to a distant country, and squandered his property there, living dissolutely.  Having spent all his means, a severe famine came throughout that country, and he began to be in need.  So going, he was joined to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed pigs.  And he longed to fill his stomach from the pods that the pigs ate, but no one gave him anything.  Upon coming to his senses he said, 'How many servants of my father abound in bread, but I am perishing with hunger!  Rising up, I will go to my father, and I will say to him, "Father, I sinned against heaven and before you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.  Make me as one of your servants.'
     "And rising up he came to his father.  But when yet at a distance, his father saw him and was moved with pity, and running, fell on his neck and fervently kissed him.  And the son said to him, 'Father, I sinned against heaven and before you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'  But the father said to his servants, 'Bring out the best robe, and dress him, and give his hand a ring and shoes to his feet; and bring the fattened calf, kill it, and eating, let us be merry; for this my son was dead, and lived again, was lost, now is found.'  And they began to be merry.
     "Now his older son was in the field; and upon coming, he drew near to the house and heard music and dances.  And having summoned one of the children, he asked what this may be.  And he said to him, 'Your brother came, and your father killed the fattened calf, because he received him safe and sound.' But he was angry and did not wish to go in.  Then his father, coming out, pled with him.  But responding, he said to his father, 'Behold, I serve you so many years, and never disobeyed a command of you; and you never gave me a goat, that I might be merry with my friends.  But when this son of yours came, having devoured your livelihood with whores, you killed the fattened calf for him!' So he said to him, 'Son, you are always with me, and everything of mine is yours, for enjoyment.  So, therefore it is proper to rejoice, for this your brother was dead, and lived again; and having been lost was also found.'"

Luke 16:1-9  He also said to the disciples, "A certain man was rich who had a steward, and this one was accused to him of wasting his goods.  So, calling him, he said to him, 'What is this that I hear about you?  Render the account of your stewardship, for you can no longer be steward.'  And the steward said to himself, 'What may I do, since my master is taking the stewardship away from me?  I am not able to dig, I am ashamed to beg.  I know what I may do, so that when I am removed from stewardship people may receive me into their homes.'
     "Then, summoning each one of his master's debtors, he said to the first, 'How much do you owe my master?'  He said, 'A hundred measures of oil.'  And he said to him, 'Take your statements, and sitting down, quickly write fifty.'  Then he said to another, 'And how much do you owe?'  He said, 'A hundred measures of wheat.'  He said to him, 'Take your statement, and write eighty.'
     "The master applauded the unjust steward because he acted prudently; for the sons of this age are more prudent than the sons of light are in their own generation.  Therefore, I tell you{pl}, make friends for yourselves by means of the false riches, so that when it fails they may receive you{pl} into the everlasting dwellings."

Luke 16:10-13  Mt 6:24  "He faithful in the least is faithful also in much; and he false in the least is false also in much.  If then you{pl} were not faithful in the false riches, who will entrust to you{pl} the true?  And if you{pl} were not faithful in that of another, who will give to you{pl} that being your own?
     "No one is able to serve two lords; for either he will set aside the one and he will honor the other, or he will devote to the one and despise the other.  You{pl} cannot serve God and money."

Luke 16:14-17  The Pharisees, being money-lovers, heard all this, and they derided him.  But he said to them, "You{pl} are those justifying yourselves before men, but God knows your inner minds; for the thing highly prized among men is an abomination before God.
     "The Mosaic Law and the Prophets were until John; since then the good news of the kingship of God is preached, yet everyone is forcing into it. But it is easier for the sky and the earth to pass away, than for one dot of the law to become void."[4]

[4]  Everyone was trying to force into it through legalism and behavior rather than belief.  The valid understanding of the Law and the Prophets was that a Savior would provide it for us, we don't have to force our way into it by obeying some set of laws. However, this understanding was not featured, and the last statement, although almost universally misunderstood and misapplied, is just contrasting with what Jesus has just said about the "good news". Jesus was NOT endorsing the sanctity of every "dot" of the law; he was just reiterating what the hypocritical Pharisee taught.

Matthew 5:27,28,31,32  Mk 10:11  Lk 16:18  "You{pl} have heard that it was said to the ancients, 'Don't commit adultery.'  But I say to you{pl} that everyone looking at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his mind.
     "It was also said, 'Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.'  But I say to you{pl} that everyone who divorces his wife, apart from a case of fornication, causes her to commit adultery, and whoever the one divorced marries commits adultery."[5]

[5]  In these passages, Jesus is talking about their concept of adultery, NOT his. He is not railing against adultery in these passages, but against their sexually biased laws and the flagrant hypocrisy that their belief system presses on them. Their system actually labeled innocent people as adulterers at times, and they were potentially at danger of even being stoned under certain circumstances.

Matthew 18:15-17  "If your brother thinks evil against you{pl}, go and reprove him, between you{pl} and him alone.  If he listens to you{pl}, you{pl} have gained your brother.  But if he does not listen, take along one or two beside you{pl}, that every word may stand by the mouth of two or three witnesses.  If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the community; and if he even refuses to listen to the community, let him be to you{pl} as the Gentiles and a tax collector."

Matthew 18:18-20  "Truly, I say to you{pl}, whatever you{pl} commit to on earth shall occur, being committed to in heaven, and whatever you{pl} release on earth shall occur, being released in heaven.  Again I say to you{pl}, that if two of you{pl} on earth may agree concerning every issue that matters, whatever they may ask, it will happen for them from my Father in the heavens.  For where two or three are united together in my authority, there I am in their midst."

Matthew 18:21-35  Then Peter coming up, said to him, "Master, how often shall my brother think evil about me, and I forgive him?  As many as seven times?"  Jesus said to him, "I do not say to you seven times, but seventy times seven. 
     "Therefore the kingship of the heavens is likened to a man, a king who decided to take account with his servants.  Upon beginning to reckon, one debtor of ten thousand talents was brought to him.  Having nothing he could repay with, his lord ordered him to be sold, with his wife and children and all that he had, and to repay.
     "Then, falling, the servant bowed his knee to him, saying, 'Master, have patience with me, and I will repay all to you.'  Filled with pity for him the lord of that servant released him and forgave him the debt.  But, upon going out, that same servant came upon one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii; and seizing, he throttled him, saying, 'Pay back what you owe.'  Falling at his feet, his fellow servant begged him, saying, 'Have patience with me, and I will repay all to you.'  But he refused, and going away, put him in prison until he repay the debt.
     "However, his fellow servants, seeing what happened, were greatly distressed, and coming to their lord, they reported all that happened.  Then summoning him, his master said to him, 'You wicked servant!  All that debt I forgave you since you begged me.  Must not you favor your fellow servant, as I had also favored you?'  So, being angry, his lord delivered him to the jailers, until he repay all his debt to him.  So also my heavenly Father will do to you{pl}, unless you{pl} forgive each one his brother their offenses from your heart."

Matthew 19:1,2  Mk 10:1  And it was that when Jesus had finished these sayings, he moved from Galilee and came to the borders of Judea beyond the Jordan; and large crowds followed him, and he healed them there.

Matthew 19:3-12  Mk 10:2-12  Again crowds came together with him, and as he usually did, he taught them again.  And the Pharisees approached him, testing him and asking, "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?"  He answering said to them, "Did you{pl} not read that he making them from the beginning made them male and female, and said, 'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh'?  So they are no longer two but one flesh.  What therefore God has yoked together, let not man separate."
     They say to him, "Why then did Moses order us to give a certificate of divorce, and to put her away?"  He says to them, "Moses, in view of your denseness of mind allowed you{pl} to divorce your wives, but in the beginning it was not so.  Thus I say to you{pl}: whoever divorces his wife, except for fornication, and shall marry another commits adultery; and then he marrying her divorced commits adultery."
     The disciples say to him, "If such is the case of a man with his wife, it is not safe to marry."  But he said to them, "Not all men accommodate this saying, only to whom it is given.  For there are eunuchs who have been born from the womb so, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs because of the kingship of the heavens.  The one able to receive, let him receive." 

Luke 16:19-31  "A certain man was rich, and customarily donned a purple robe and fine linen, having been merry day by day in luxury.  And there was a poor man named Lazarus who had been laid at his porch, being plagued with sores and desiring to be fed with the crumbs that were falling from the rich man's table; even the dogs coming, licked his sores.  The poor man died and was carried away by the messengers (angels) to Abraham's bosom.  The rich man also died and was buried.  In the unseen realm being in anguish and lifting up his eyes, he sees Abraham far off and Lazarus in his bosom.  Calling, he said, 'Father Abraham, pity me, and send Lazarus that he may dip the end of his finger in water, and may cool my tongue because I am suffering in this flame.'
     "But Abraham said, 'Son, remember that in your life you fully received your good things, and Lazarus likewise the bad.  But now he is comforted here, you are suffering.  And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been fixed so that those desiring to pass from here to you are not able, and none may cross over from there to us.'
     "So he said, 'I ask you then, father, that you send him to my father's house, for I have five brothers, so that he may witness to them that they don't also come into this place of torment.'  Abraham says to him, 'They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.'  And he said, 'No, father Abraham; but if one should go to them from the dead, they will repent.'  He said to him, 'If they will not hear Moses and the prophets, they will not be convinced even if one should rise from the dead.'"

Luke 17:3,4  Take heed to yourselves; if your brother sins against you{pl}, rebuke him, and if he repents, forgive him.  And if he sins against you{pl}, and turns to you{pl} seven times in the day, saying, 'I repent,' you{pl} shall forgive him."

Luke 17:5,6  The apostles said to the Master, "Increase our faith!"  And the Master said, "If you{pl} have faith as a grain of mustard, you{pl} may say to this sycamine tree, 'Be rooted up, and be planted in the sea,' even it would obey you{pl}."

Luke 17:7-10  "But who of you{pl}, having a servant plowing or tending sheep, will say immediately to him who comes in from the field, 'Having come, take your ease'?  Rather will he not say to him, 'Prepare something I may eat, and having girded yourself, serve me until I eat and drink; and after this you eat and drink'?  Does he give thanks to that servant because he did the things required of him?  So you{pl} also, when you{pl} have done all things commanded you{pl}, say, 'We are unprofitable servants; we have done what we ought to do.'"

Luke 17:11-19  And it happened in his going to Jerusalem; he passed between Samaria and Galilee.  With him having entered into a certain village, ten leprous men who stood at a distance, met him and raised their voices and said, "Jesus, healer, pity us."  Seeing, he said to them, "Upon going, show yourselves to the priests."  And it was in their going that they were cleansed.
     But one of them, seeing that he was cured, returned praising God with a loud voice; and fell on his face at His feet, thanking Him, and he was a Samaritan.  Jesus answering said, "Were not ten cleansed?  Where are the nine?  Were none found returning to give praise to God except this foreigner?"  He said to him, "Rising up, go!  Your faith has healed you."

Luke 17:20,21  Being questioned by the Pharisees about when the kingship of God comes, he answered them and said, "The kingship of God does not come with careful watching; nor will they say, 'Behold, here it is!' or 'Behold, there!' for behold, the kingship of God is among you{pl}."

Luke 18:1-8  He also told them a parable, to show that it is always right to pray and not faint, saying, "A certain judge was in a city, neither fearing God nor respecting man.  A widow was in that city and she came to him saying, 'Vindicate me from my adversary.'  He would not for a time; but after this he said to himself, 'Even though I neither fear God nor respect man, yet because this widow bothers me, I will requite her, so that, coming, she does not brow beat me to the end.'"  And the Lord said, "Hear what the unrighteous judge says.  And will in no way God requite his elect, those crying to him day and night, and continue having patience over them?  I tell you{pl}, he will requite them speedily.  However, with the Son of man passing, will he find faith on the earth?  Evidently not!"

Luke 18:9-14  He also told this parable to some of those relying on themselves that they are righteous and despising the rest.  "Two men went up into the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector.  The Pharisee, standing and praying thus with himself, 'God, I thank you that I am not as other men, rapacious, unjust, adulterers, or even as this tax collector.  I fast twice a week, I tithe all things, as many as I get.'  But the tax collector, standing afar off, would not even lift up his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, 'God, be merciful to me the sinner!'  I tell you{pl}, this one went down to his house having been justified rather than the other; for every one exalting himself will be humbled.  But he humbling himself will be exalted."

Mark 10:13-16  Mt 19:13-15  Lk 18:15-17  And they brought children and infants to him, that he might lay his hands on them and pray; and the disciples rebuked the ones carrying them.  But upon seeing this, Jesus was indignant, and he said to them, "Let the children come to me, don't forbid them; for of such as these is the kingship of God.  Truly, I say to you{pl}, whoever does not receive the kingship of God like a child in no way may enter into it."  And having taken them in his arms and having laid hands upon them, he blessed them.

Mark 10:17-22  Mt 19:16-22  Lk 18:18-23  While going on his way, one, running up and kneeling down before him, questioned him, "Good Teacher, what shall I do that I may possess[*] life everlasting?"  And Jesus said to him, "Why do you call me good?  No one is good except one, God.  You know the commandments?  'Do not adulterate, Do not murder, Do not bear false witness, Do not steal, Do not defraud, Honor your father and mother, You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'"  And he said to him, "Teacher, all these I observed from my youth.  What yet do I lack?"  And Jesus looking upon him loved him, and said to him, "One thing to you is lacking; go, sell all, as much as you have, and distribute to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me, pulling up your tethering stake."  However, hearing the message, the young man was sad and went away grieving; for he was exceedingly rich, having many possessions.

[*]  The Greek word here is universally translated as inherit in the prominent Bible versions, but this is an example of how the paradigm influences translation. "Inherit" is a forced translation that supports the existing Christian dogma of Heaven as a place, a 2nd Coming in the clouds, and a real salvation that is postponed until God gets around to it. "Possess" or "obtain" would be the more straightforward terms used in a secular passage of text.

Mark 10:23-31  Mt 19:23-30  Lk 18:24-30  And Jesus, having become very grieved and looking around, says to his disciples, "Truly I tell you{pl} that a rich man will enter into the kingship of the heavens with difficulty!"  And the disciples were amazed at his words.  But Jesus responding says to them again, "Children, how hard it is for those trusting in riches to enter the kingship of God!  It is easier for a camel[6] to pass through the eye of the needle than for a rich man to enter the kingship of God."
     But they were exceedingly astonished, and said to themselves, "Then who can be saved?"  However, Jesus looking at them says, "From men it is impossible, but not from God; for all things are possible from God."  Peter began to say to him, "Behold, we forsook all and have followed you.  What then shall be to us?"
     Responding Jesus said, "Truly, I tell you{pl} that those having followed me, in the regeneration when the son of man sits on his glorious seat of power,[7] will also sit on twelve seats of power, separating the twelve tribes of Israel.  And there is no one who forsook houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or fields, on account of my authority and the gospel, who will not receive a hundredfold now in this time, houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions, and in the coming age[8] life of all ages.  But many first will be last, and the last first."

[6]  The word in Aramaic, Jesus' native tongue, was probably "rope."

[7]  This is a reference to the great spiritual regeneration that begins when Jesus 'sits on his glorious seat of power', that is, hangs on the cross.

[8]  The coming age started at the cross and resurrection, and is the age in which we now live.

Matthew 20:1-16  "For the kingship of the heavens is like a man, a householder, who went out early to hire workmen into his vineyard.  Upon agreeing with the workmen for a denarius a day [9], he sent them into his vineyard[10]. And going out about the third hour he saw others standing idle in the market and said to them, 'You{pl} go into the vineyard too, and whatever is fair I will give you{pl}.'  So they went.  Again going out about the sixth and the ninth hour, he did likewise.  So about the eleventh hour, going out, he found others standing idle and says to them, 'Why do you{pl} stand here idle all the day?'  They say to him, 'Because no one has hired us.'  He says to them, 'You{pl} go into the vineyard also, and whatever is fair you{pl} also will receive.'  With evening coming, the lord of the vineyard says to his foreman, 'Call the workmen and pay them the wage, beginning with the last, back to the first.'  And those coming about the eleventh hour each received a denarius.
     "And coming, the first supposed they will receive more; but they also got themselves each a denarius.  Upon receiving it they grumbled at the householder, saying, 'These last worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and the heat.' But he answering said to one of them, 'Friend, I am not being unfair to you; did you not agree to a denarius with me?  Take yours and go; for I desire to give to this last as also to you.  Or is it not legal for me to do what I desire in my affairs, or is your understanding false because I am good?'  So shall the last be first, and the first last, for many are called, but few selected."

[9]  The wage in this parable is the Kingship of the heavens and immortality, something which each "laborer" receives.

[10]  The vineyard is the message of Jesus, His words and deeds, and the 'work' is to understand God.

Mark 10:32-34  Mt 20:17-19  Lk 18:31-34  And they were on the way going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was going ahead of them; and they were amazed, and following were afraid.  And having taken the twelve again, he began to tell them the things about to happen to him, saying, "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and everything having been written of the Son of man by the prophets will be completed; and the Son of man will be betrayed and delivered up to the chief priests and the theologians, and they will condemn him to death, and deliver him to the Gentiles.  And they will mock him, and will spit at him, and will scourge him, and will kill him; and on the third day he will rise again."
     But they comprehended none of these things; this saying was from them having been hidden, and they did not understand the things being said.

Matthew 20:20-28  Mark 10:35-45  Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came near to him, with her sons, kneeling and asking something from him.  And he said to her, "What do you want?"  She said to him, "Say that these two sons of mine may sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, in your kingdom."  But Jesus answered, "You{pl} do not know what you{pl} ask.  Are you{pl} able to drink the cup that I am to drink, and to be baptized with the baptism which I am baptized?"  They say to him, "We are able."  He said to them, "Indeed, you{pl} will drink my cup, and you{pl} will be baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized; but to sit off my right and off my left is not mine to grant, but for whom it has been prepared by my Father."
     Having heard this, the ten were indignant at the two brothers, James and John.  But Jesus having called them near, said, "You{pl} know that the rulers of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and the great ones exercise authority over them.  But it will not be so among you{pl}; rather whoever would become great among you{pl}, let him be your servant.  And whoever wants to be first among you{pl}, he shall be your slave; even as the Son of man did not come to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."

Mark 10:46-52  Mt 20:29-34  Lk 18:35-43  And they came to Jericho; and while leaving Jericho with his disciples and a big crowd, Bartimaeus, a blind man, the son of Timaeus, sat by the roadside, begging.  And hearing a crowd passing by, he inquired what this might be.  They reported to him that Jesus the Nazarene is passing by.  Having heard that it is Jesus the Nazarene, he began to cry out and say, "Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!"  And those in front rebuked him, and many warned him to be quiet; but he cried out all the more, "Son of David, have mercy on me!"  And Jesus, stopping and standing, requested for him to be called and brought to him.  So they call the blind man, saying to him, "Cheer up; arise, he calls you."
     So, casting off his cloak and rising up, he came to Jesus.  And Jesus responding, says to him, "What do you desire that I do for you?"  And the blind man said to him, "My Lord, that I may see again."  So Jesus, moved with pity, said to him, "See once again!  Go, your faith has cured you."  And instantly he saw again and followed Jesus on the way, praising God; and all the people observing this, gave praise to God.

Luke 19:1-10  Upon entering, he traversed Jericho.  And behold, a man being called by name of Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector, and was rich.  And he sought to see Jesus, who he is, but could not because of the crowd, for he was small in stature.  Running up ahead before them, he went up into a sycamore tree to see him, because he was going to pass by that way.  As he came to the place, looking up, Jesus saw him and said to him, "Zacchaeus, making haste, come down; for it is proper[11] for me to stay in your house today."  Hastening, he came down and welcomed him gladly.  And all seeing this murmured, saying, "He went in to lodge with a sinful man."
     But Zacchaeus, standing, said to the Lord, "Behold, the half of my possessions, Lord, I give to the poor; and if I have accused anyone of anything falsely, I restore it fourfold." 
And Jesus said to him, "Today salvation is come to this house, because even he is a son of Abraham.  For the Son of man came to seek and to save that being lost."

[11] This is usually translated "it is necessary that I stay", which is too imperious since the gracious Jesus would never demand or suggest such a thing. Consequently, the milder form of the phrase has been chosen. This is an example of how the paradigm effects the words that are selected for a defensible translation.

Luke 19:11-27  With them hearing these things, and adding, he told a parable, because he was near to Jerusalem and they thought that the kingship of God was about to be revealed immediately.  So he said, "A certain nobleman went to a distant country to receive a kingship for himself and then return.   Having called ten of his servants, he gave them ten minas, and said to them, 'Trade until I come.'  But his citizens despised him and sent a delegation after him, saying, 'We don't want this one to reign over us.'  And it was in his returning, having received the kingship, he commanded his servants to be called, those to whom he gave the money, that he might know what each had gained by trading.
     "The first came saying, 'Lord, your mina has gained ten minas.'  And he said to him, 'Very well, good servant, because you were faithful in the least thing, have authority over ten cities.'  And the second came saying, 'Lord, your mina made five minas.'  And he said to him, 'And you be over five cities.'  Then the other came saying, 'Lord, behold your mina which I saved in a napkin; for I was afraid of you, because you are an exacting man taking up what you didn't lay down, and reaping what you didn't sow.'  He says to him, 'From your own mouth I will judge you, derelict servant!  You knew that I am an exacting man, taking up what I did not lay down and reaping what I did not sow?   Why then did you not put my money onto the bank table?  Upon coming I may have collected it with interest!'  And to those standing by he said, 'Take the mina from him, and give it to the one having ten minas.'  And they said to him, 'Lord, he has ten minas!'  'Because, I tell you{pl}, that to every one having it will be given; but from the one not having, even what he has will be taken from him.  But these enemies of mine, those not wanting me to reign over them, bring them here and execute them before me.'"

Mark 11:1-11  Mt 21:1-11  Lk 19:28-40  Upon saying these things, he went to the front going up to Jerusalem.   And when they drew near to Jerusalem, to Bethphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, he sends two of his disciples, and says to them, "Go into the village opposite you{pl}, and immediately as you{pl} enter it you{pl} will find an ass tied, and a colt with her, on which no one has ever sat; untie it and bring it to me.  If any one says to you{pl}, 'Why do you{pl} do this?' say, 'The Master has need of it, and then he will send it back here.'"
     So they departed and found the colt having been tied at the door out in the street; and they untie it.  But the owners of the colt said to them, "Why do you{pl} untie the colt?"  So they said what Jesus directed, and they let them go.  Then they led the colt to Jesus, and throwing their garments on it, they put Jesus on it and he sat upon it.  This all happened so that spoken by the prophet may be fulfilled, saying,

"Tell the daughter of Zion,
 Behold, your king comes to you{pl},
 gentle, and mounted on an ass,
 even a colt, the son of an ass."

And many spread their garments in the road, and others were cutting branches from the trees and scattering them in the road.  And those going before and those following cried out, "Hosanna[12], Son of David!  Now save us!  Blessed is he coming in the authority of the Lord!  Blessed the kingship coming in the authority of the Lord of our father David!  Save us now in the highest way!  Peace in heaven and glory in the highest places!"
     Upon his entering into Jerusalem, all the city was stirred, saying, "Who is this?"  And the crowds said, "This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee."  And some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to him, "Teacher, rebuke your disciples."  And he answering, said to them, "I tell you{pl}, if these shall be silent, the stones will cry out."  And he went into the temple,  and looking around at everything, with the hour being already late, he went out to Bethany with the twelve.

[12]  Christendom confuses this as a term of praise, but it is not and this was yelled by the crowd as an ardent demand.. Hosanna means 'now' or 'with all speed', avenge us, defend us, deliver us, help us, succor us, preserve us, rescue us, save us, get victory for us.  Of course these jubilant Jews were thinking of the Roman oppression and in Zionistic terms of political and military victory or rescue and exaltation, and a political system kingdom with Jesus as the head.  They were not looking higher at the salvation and equality of the Kingship of the Heavens Jesus was really bringing, and he could not and did not respond to their expectations.

Mark 11:12-14  Mt 21:18,19  Early on the following day while returning to the city, they having gone out from Bethany, he was hungry.  And seeing in the distance a fig tree having leaves, he came to see if he will find anything on it.  Upon coming to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs.  Responding, Jesus said to it, "May no one eat fruit from again in this age."  And his disciples heard him.  And the fig tree withered up quickly.

Luke 19:41-44  As he drew near, seeing the city, he wept over it, saying, "If you only knew, even you, at least even in this your day, the things for your peace, but now are hidden from your eyes!  For the days will come upon you, and your enemies will raise up a rampart about you and will surround you, and will keep you in on all sides, and raze you and your children within you, and will not leave in you stone upon stone, because you did not know the time of your visitation."

Matthew 21:12-17  Mk 11:15-19  Lk 19:45-48  And they came to Jerusalem and Jesus entered the temple of God and threw out all those selling and buying in the temple.  And he overturned the tables of the money‑changers and the seats of those selling doves; and he did not allow anyone to carry containers through the temple.  He taught, saying to them, "Has it not been written,

     'My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations'?[13a]

But you{pl} have made it a den of robbers."  And the blind and the lame came near to him in the temple, and he healed[13b] them.
     But the chief priests and the theologians, seeing the wonderful things that he did and the children crying out in the temple, "Hosanna, Son of David!", were indignant and said to him, "Do you hear what these say?"  And Jesus said to them, "Yes; did you{pl} never read,

     'Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings you have perfected praise'?"

And the chief priests and the theologians heard and sought how they might destroy him; for they feared him, because all the multitude was astonished at his teaching.  And leaving them when evening came, he went out of the city to Bethany and lodged there.

[13a]  Just because Jesus quoted this Old Testament passage doesn't mean that he is putting his tamp of approval upon Temple directed worship nor the whole tenor of their religion..

Mark 11:20-26  Mt 21:20-22  Passing along in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered from the roots up.  And remembering, Peter said to him, "Teacher, look!  The fig tree which you cursed has withered."  Upon seeing this, the disciples marveled, saying, "How was the fig tree withered so quickly?"  And Jesus replying, said to them, "Have faith in God.  Truly, I tell you{pl}, whoever says to this mountain, 'Be taken, and be cast into the sea,' and does not doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says happens, it will be his, whatever he says.  Therefore I tell you{pl}, all things whatever you{pl} ask praying, believe that you{pl} receive, and it will be yours.  And whenever you{pl} stand praying, forgive, if you{pl} have anything against anyone; so that also your Father in the heavens may dismiss your transgressions.  But if you{pl} do not forgive, neither will your father in the heavens dismiss your transgressions."

Matthew 21:23-27  Mk 11:27-33  Lk 20:1-8  As he was walking in the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people approached him while teaching and proclaiming, and said, "By what authority do you do these things?  And who gave you this authority?"  Jesus answering them said, "I will also ask you{pl} one question; which if you{pl} answer for me, I also will tell you{pl} by what authority I do these things.  The baptism of John, whence was it?  Was it from heaven or from men?  Answer me."
     And they debated with themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will say to us, 'Why then did you{pl} not believe him?'  But if we say, 'From men,' we fear the people will stone us, all having been convinced that John was a prophet."  So answering Jesus, they said, "We do not know."  And he said to them, "Neither I tell you{pl} by what authority I do these things."

Matthew 21:28-32  "How does it seem to you{pl}?  A man had two sons; and having come to the first, he said, 'Son, go work today in my vineyard.'  And he answering, said, 'I will not'; but afterward feeling badly, he went.  And having come to the second he said likewise; and he answering, said , 'I go, sir,' but did not leave.  Which of the two did the will of the father?"  They say to him, "The first."  Jesus says to them, "Truly, I tell you{pl}, that the tax collectors and the harlots go into the kingship of God before you{pl}.  For John came to you{pl} in the way of respectability, and you{pl} did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the harlots believed him.  And you{pl} seeing, did not feel contrite afterward to believe him."

Mark 12:1-12  Mt 21:33-46  Lk 20:9-18  And he began to speak to them in parables and to tell them this parable. "A man planted a vineyard, and put a hedge around it, and dug a wine press, and built a tower, and rented it out to vine-dressers, and went away for a considerable time.  At some point when the time of produce came, he sent a servant to the vine-dressers, to receive from them some of the fruit of the vineyard.  But they having taken him, beat him, and sent him away empty‑handed.
     "Again he sent to them another servant, and having stoned him in the head, they sent him away, insulting him.  Once again he sent another, and that one they killed; and many others, beat some and killing some.  Yet then, having his own one beloved son, he finally sent him to them, saying, 'They will respect my son.'  But those vine-dressers said to one another, 'This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.'  Upon taking him, they killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
     "What will the owner of the vineyard do then?  He will come and destroy the vine-dressers, and give the vineyard to others who will give him the produce in their seasons.  Did you{pl} not even read this scripture?

'A stone which the builders rejected,
this one became the head of the corner;
this occurred from the Lord,
and it is marvelous in our eyes'?

Therefore I tell you{pl} that the kingship of God will be taken away from you{pl} and given to a people producing the fruits of it.  And the one falling over this stone will be broken to pieces, but it will pulverize whomever it falls upon."
     Upon hearing these parables, the chief priest and the Pharisees knew that he talks about them.  And they tried to seize him, but feared the crowd because they held him to be a prophet.  So leaving him, they went away.

Matthew 22:15-22  Mk 12:13-17  Lk 20:19-26  Upon going, the Pharisees took counsel so that they might entrap him in his discourse.  Watching carefully, they sent spies, pretending to be harmless so that they might catch what he said and deliver him up to the authority and jurisdiction of the governor.  So they send forth their disciples to him, along with the Herodians, saying, "Teacher, we know that you are truthful, and you teach the way of God truthfully, and no one concerns you, for you do not regard the face of men.  Tell us, then, what you think.  Is it proper to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?  Should we give, or should we not give?"
     But Jesus, knowing their malevolence, said, "Why do you{pl} test me, you{pl} hypocrites?  Show me the coin for the tax.  Bring me a denarius, that I may see it."  And they brought him a coin.  And he says to them, "Whose image and inscription is this?"  They say to him, "Caesar's."  Then he says to them, "Render then the things of Caesar to Caesar, and the things of God to God."  Upon hearing this, they marveled; and leaving, they went away.

Luke 20:27-40  Mt 22:23-33  Mk 12:18-27  And some of the Sadducees, those saying a resurrection is not to be, coming up question him, saying, "Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a brother of anyone dies having a wife, and this one dies childless, his brother should take the wife and raise up children for his brother.  Now then, there were seven brothers; and the first, having taken a wife, died childless; and the second took the wife, and this one died childless.  And the third took her, and likewise also not even one of the seven left children, and they died.  Last of all the woman also died.  So then, in the resurrection when they all rise again, of which of them does she become the wife?  For the seven had her as wife."
     And replying, Jesus said to them, "Therefore, do you{pl} not err, because you{pl} understand neither the scriptures nor the dynamic of God?  The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage; but those who are counted worthy to attain to that age and to the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage, for they cannot even die any more, because they are like the messengers but are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.  But that the dead are raised, even Moses pointed out in the passage of the bush, where he calls the Lord the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.  Now, he is not God of dead men, but of living men, for all live to him.  You{pl} then do err greatly."  And some of the theologians answered, "Teacher, you reason well."  So, they no longer dared to question him about anything.

Combined Synoptic Gospels Part 5 of 6

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