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The most profound questions regarding cosmology can
never be answered within the confines of materialism.
Given that we have two aspects of our reality, the physical or material and the spiritual or the intangible, we can ask ourselves which one of these came first or which one is ordinate or subordinate. But there can be no question as to which one is more important or meaningful because WE are primarily beings with a mind, a soul or psyche, personhood, self identity, and all that goes along with these such as character, purpose and values. We have a body, but we are NOT our body. It is just the vehicle for what we really are.
The materialist can SAY that the physical universe came first and that life and the spiritual realities are just "emergent properties" of the complex physical system, but this position is much less than desirable. Emergent property without a preceding purpose−a spiritual reality− is just a phrase meaning little more than a chance accident. That leaves us as emergent property meat sticks only able to cope with the vast and mindless material universe through our limited life and intelligence. We can never know what other emergent property the physical universe may throw at us. We could suddenly be superseded and be left in the dust. Or, we could have another dimension emerge and be added to our needs and desires, another dimension that can never be satisfied. The nightmarish aspect that one can imagine is extensive and depressing.
It seems far more satisfactory to think that mind and intelligence with purpose created the physical universe instead of the other way around. Probably most people in the world are here in their thinking. But did the intelligence that created the physical universe just fling it out there once and for all, kind of like a stand alone system; or is that intelligence constantly sustaining reality in its mind on an ongoing basis?
Just dealing with the astrophysical aspects, what is the creation cosmology that is implied by the paradigm of this site and by the valid findings of astrophysics?
It would be a universe that is being constantly sustained and enlarged by the mature, sane, "sinless" human beings out there that are fully invested as equal citizens. The universe is NOT static but is growing both in size and number of creator-sustainers. Vast amounts of "real estate" are being created and added to what is already there, waiting to be developed by those to whom are given this endowment. There is more "raw" real estate than we will ever need for ANY reason.
Certain galaxies, those that have been classified as having "active galactic nuclei" are charging up, and at some point are ejecting what are called quasars. Usually these are ejected in pairs in opposite directions along the axial lines of the mother galaxies, but occasionally the ejections are at an angle that distinctly differs from the galactic axis.
These quasars are huge globs of protons or positive material that initially travel away from the AGN center at relativistic velocities. According to Halton Arp, one of the most eminent and reasonable astronomers ever to grace our midst, their "matter" is new and highly redshifted. As they move away over time there is a stream of electrons−mostly from the AGN−that catch up to them, slow their velocity down, and decrease the overall positive charge toward being more charge neutral.
At some point in this process these quasars differentiate into a galaxy of individual stars, which further eject blobs of material that eventually become planets and moons. At this stage they become more mature, "normal" galaxies.
This is all in contrast to prevailing cosmology, and here is what Arp has to say about that:
"After all, to get the whole universe totally wrong in the face of clear evidence for over 75 years merits monumental embarrassment and should induce a modicum of humility." (Halton Arp, "What has Science Come To?", Journal of Scientific Exploration.)