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[Site note: The following article has been included for
its informational and speculative content, and not because the site creator
agrees with or wishes to promote the underlying evolutionistic paradigm.]
The Origami of the Species
Frederic B. Jueneman (Limits of Uncertainty, I-R, 1975, pp. 113-117.
The Japanese art of
paper folding—Origami—shows how many beautiful complex shapes can
be formed from an essentially two dimensional object. One can
appreciate the difficulties by attempting some of the more
complicated patterns, where the paper convolutions almost seem to
vanish within themselves in mobius-like fashion.
In somewhat the same
way, the genetic structure of biological organisms exhibits a
conformation that appears to be, fundamentally, a three-dimensional
geometric pattern—with its chemical properties as a natural
outgrowth of the physical topology. Any changes in the molecular
bits and pieces can radically affect the geometry, and this in turn
would affect the chemistry through changes in molecular
These changes which
give rise to mutations are known to be caused by thermal,
radiational, or chemical agents, but there is one additional agency
which has not been explored in depth and might be, either singly or
in concert with the other effects, responsible for inheritable
changes that would also increase the possibility of giving rise to
mutations by the absorption of various, but selective wavelengths,
which may span the electromagnetic spectrum from direct current
(zero wavelength) through the ultra-high radio frequencies to X-rays
or gamma rays and beyond. By a statistical relationship a gaussian
(bell-shaped) distribution of mutations would be engendered, but
only those in the narrow main sequence would have a chance for
survival, while at either extreme the mutants which had been
subjected to unregenerative or fatal damage could not survive or
have progeny. Similarly, organisms which have been exposed to
potentially toxic chemicals, or to pathogenic microorganisms, would
develop mutagenic strains.
Thermal effects, as
mutagenic causes, could be relegated under the category of
radiation, as heat is nominally induced by infrared or microwave
frequencies as a by-product of radiative effects. Unless the
radiation is discriminatory and limited, as with an ultraviolet
induced suntan or cooking with a microwave oven, the heat produced
will itself prove damaging to the organism in most cases.
We must, however, be
cautious of descriptions of mutations in absolute terms. The
contemporary definition of "species" rests on the principle that
there must be a faithful reproduction generation after generation,
with only minor changes due to inherited characteristics. Yet it
should be noted, and in very strong terms, that the species of
mankind is made up of mutations.
begetting offspring who can repeat the cycle, while on occasion
begetting teratogenic mutants which cannot survive or reproduce.
But the primary difference between individual members of the human
species lies in the fact that we have a genetically inheritable
xenophobia—a metabolic "fear" of that which is strange to our
bodies. In no case, except identical twins, have organs been
totally and successfully transplanted. Even with blood
transfusions a temporary stopgap is performed until the body is able
to replenish its own supply. Thus, each of us stands alone, an
individual whose very life is limited by the number of cycles the
cell-reproducing functions can regenerate faithfully.
There is a noteworthy
example of a strange, new species of plant which was observed in a
London bomb crater during World War II. Two explanations come to
mind. Either the seeds or spores were carried to the site by the
bomb, since the plant was unknown in the British Isles, or very old
but still viable seeds were uncovered by the blast, or else
the mutation was caused by the thermo-acoustical effects of the
Both the thermal and
acoustical events in an explosion are highly transient, achieving
high temperatures and pressures in an extremely steep gradient, with
the heat effects tending to be degenerative, while that of the
shock-wave would be one of displacement-disruptive molecular
Shock-wave forming of
complex metal parts is well known, where intricate, stress-free
shapes are made by subjecting the metal to a violent, but controlled
pressure wavefront. Several years ago I performed an experiment in
shock-wave chemistry to observe the effects of a detonation on a
slurry of magnesium carbonate trihydrate crystals, to see whether it
would form one of the basic-carbonate structures. It turned out to
be a one-shot affair as the bomb capsule was irreparably damaged
during the first go-around.
Under the microscope
some of the crystals which were salvaged showed peculiar
displacements which, using polarized light, also appeared to be
stress-free. And there were selective fragmentation of a large
number of the crystals, just as if someone had taken small, uniform
bites out of them.
At the University of
North Carolina, experiments with plants grown near the thundering
din of a busy airport showed that a species of turnip sprouted
sooner than was seasonally normal. This apparently wasn't a
mutagenic effect, but unusual nonetheless, and was possibly caused
by thermally induced stimuli.
acoustically induced shock fronts could be, in a large part,
responsible for selective mutations, and which might also give rise
to new species. Explosive shock-waves contain large energy
potentials, and the wave fronts are rich in harmonics which
themselves span the acoustical spectrum from some fundamental
frequency well into the gigacycles-super high frequencies that we
have normally come to expect as the private domain of only
For mutagenic effects
to take place on a molecular-genetic-level, there would have to be
selective absorption of energy from a rather narrow band of
frequencies, depending on the geometry of the molecule being
affected. For entire arrays of molecular structures a wider spread
of the frequency band would be expected in order to affect an
organism, as well as the amplitude, or intensity, of the
shock-wave. Displacements would occur near-instantaneously, and
could affect the whole or only part of an organism, dependent on its
size and composition.
Lightning bolts or
meteoric impacts in the atmosphere might account for local,
small-scale mutations via shock-wave, along with accompanying
radiation, such as inauspicious outbreaks of new strains of nu which
might be correlated with such events. So we might expect to
continue having flare-ups of virulent microorganisms by any single
or combination of agencies.
But for planet-wide
changes affecting all manner of species, as suggested by Velikovsky, a world-shaking blast bels in magnitude would
require the near collision of the earth with another celestial body
and the exchange of Brobdingnagian electrical discharges, or the
actual collision of the earth with a cometary body as described by
Ignatius Donnelly in the 19th century.
One might well wonder
what subtle effects are contained in the loud and sometimes
incoherent properties of hard rock music to which our progeny seems
to be psychologically addicted, and which in some measure may be
the residuum of an ancestral acoustical memory of a tumultuous
event. But if indeed we are, ourselves, some manner of "missing
link" between savage man and a future civilized man, then the
origami of species convolutes in something less than predictable
Cyclops—A Design Study of a System for Detecting Extraterrestrial
Intelligent Life, NASA-Ames Research Center CR 114445, 1971.
Velikovsky, Worlds in Collision, Doubleday, 1950.
Donnelly, Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel, 1883.
4. George McCready
Price, The New Geology, Pacific Press Pub. Assn., 1923.
5. William R.
Corliss, Mysteries Beneath the Sea, Thomas Y. Crowell Co., 1970.