Pictures such as this, taken by the Leonid Kulik expedition in 1930,
show the directional fall of trees over a wide area.
The Tunguska Event
An Explanation that Works
It seems that scientific investigation has left the mystery of the fiery Tunguska
explosion unresolved. From the beginning, the debate excluded the
electric force, the one force that allows for a unified solution and
excludes no field of evidence.
the “Electric Universe” ask that this new perspective on the
physical world be judged by its predictive ability, its ability to
explain all relevant data. In accounting for the Tunguska event they
insist that, unlike prior “explanations”, the Electric Universe does
not leave a substantial body of evidence unexplained.
The extraordinary power of the high-energy explosion above ground.
The most likely origin of the object that caused the Tunguska event is the
short-period comet Encke, the acknowledged source of the Beta Taurid
meteor shower. On June 30, the shower was at its peak. In the
electric model of comets, the energy released when a comet
fragment encounters the Earth is not limited by the mass and kinetic
energy of the fragment, but includes the electrical energy due to
the charge differential between it and the Earth. This
stored electrical energy also accounts for the “astonishing”
explosion that occurred when the
Deep Impact probe met up
with Comet Tempel 1. Calculations
of the mass and size of the Tunguska bolide, based solely on
mechanical considerations, will be exaggerated. This, of course, has
implications when searching for fragments that survived the fall.
Repeated testimony of strange sounds before the event.
In terms of the speed of sound in Earth’s atmosphere, the reports of weird
sounds in advance appear absurd. But they are entirely plausible as
"electrophonic sounds" heard either before, or simultaneous with,
the sighting of brilliant meteor fireballs up to 100km distant.
Electrophonic sounds signify the direct conversion, by transduction,
of very low frequency electromagnetic energy into audible sounds
(through a medium that can be as simple as a gold tooth filling or a
pair of glasses). Abundant reports of peculiar sounds in connection
with meteors, auroras, earthquakes and even nuclear bomb tests are
sufficient to substantiate the effect. The cause is most easily
understood as a natural resonance of an extensive plasma discharge
in the Earth's atmosphere (or underground in the case of
earthquakes). In the case of an approaching comet, the incoming
body is electrified with respect to the Earth.
The glowing of the sky before the event.
In the electric solar system, the planets and all comets have plasma
sheaths that isolate them electrically from the solar plasma. When
two plasma sheaths "touch", the two bodies "see" each other
electrically for the first time. Comets have plasma sheaths that are
millions of kilometers in diameter. So even at their high speed
their electrical effect could be felt days in advance
of a physical encounter. In such instances, the electrical effect
upon the Earth may take the form of unusual auroral displays. The
prior “sky glows” associated with Tunguska could also be due to
cometary fragments, lying along the comet's orbit in advance of the
comet nucleus, entering the stratosphere and reflecting sunlight
long after sunset. Of course, a simple “asteroidal” explanation of
Tunguska cannot address either this phenomenon, or any of the other
advanced signs of the intruder’s approach (noted below).
Reports of strange weather before the event.
In an electric solar system electric currents flowing between the solar
plasma and the planets are the primary factors driving Earth’s weather
patterns. In fact, the most violent winds occur on planets most
distant from the Sun, where solar heating is negligible. Ice-cold
Neptune, the gas giant farthest from Earth, has 2,000 km/h winds!
When seen in these terms, it becomes clear that an electrical
disturbance might be evident in the form of unusual weather
days before the arrival of a comet.
Reports of strange seismic activity before the event.
New evidence links
earthquakes to the occurrence of "underground
lightning." A minor electrical disturbance of the Earth, due to the
intrusion of a charged body, could indeed trigger earthquakes, in
the same way that electrical sunspot activity influences
Geomagnetic effects before the event.
Professor Weber of Kiel University observed unusual regular periodic
deviations of the compass needle. This effect was repeated each
evening from 27 June through 30 June 1908. The recordings looked
like geomagnetic storms, usually associated with solar electrical
activity. This time the approaching comet was the most likely source
of the electrical disturbance. The duration of the storms indicates
that comets are a copious source of electrons. That is, comets are
highly negatively charged with respect to the inner solar system.
Their influence can be vastly greater than mere gravitational and
inertial considerations would suggest.
Global atmospheric pressure pulse.
The Earth’s atmosphere forms the dielectric of a capacitor with the two "plates"
of the capacitor being the
Earth and the ionosphere. The
comet's electrical disturbance will cause pressure pulses in the
atmosphere before the comet arrives as well as upon
arrival. It is noteworthy in this respect that a giant ionospheric
disturbance accompanied the magnitude 9.3 Sumatra earthquake of 26
December 2004. The ionosphere moved up and down by about
And changes in the ionosphere have been registered 5 to 10 days
before an earthquake.
At a comet’s closest approach, a plasma discharge takes place between the Earth
and the comet. The comet is fragmented explosively by internal
electrical stresses, and all of the fragments may be melted or
vaporized in a plasma discharge so that no impact crater is formed.
An interesting fact is that the Tunguska epicenter almost exactly
coincides with the muzzle of a
Triassic volcano. Volcanoes
are the focus of electric discharge activity and may retain an
electrical conductivity different from that of the surrounding
crust. This fact can only accentuate the argument that the blast was
Absence of meteoric fragments.
If we had to rely on the fireball and air friction alone to heat the bolide or to
break it apart, we should expect to find stony remnants. However, as
noted above, most or all of the comet fragments will be melted and
vaporized in the plasma discharge. Also, "ground zero" is the focus
of the plasma discharge between the Earth and the comet. It is not
the site of any impact and we should not expect to find cometary
Instantaneous eruption of fire across hundreds of square kilometers.
The plasma discharge between the comet and the Earth would have had many
strange effects in the atmosphere and at ground level unlike
anything ever experienced by the inhabitants. In addition to fires
started by radiation from the fireball, electrically ignited fires
would have been started at the same instant over a wide area.
Frightful lightning and thunder in the midst of the firestorm.
Unusual lightning, such as St. Elmo's fire and ball lightning would have
been generated at the Earth's surface. Lightning would have struck
from a clear blue sky. (See addendum to this discussion below.)
Blast of heat along with a shock wave many kilometers away from the
Wherever the discharges touch down there will be sudden heating of the air and a
blast. Touchdown points may be a considerable distance from the
bolide's track and the explosion center.
Presence of microscopic glassy spherules over a large area.
The final result of the explosive fragmentation, melting and vaporization of
the bolide will be a spray of glassy spherules beyond the point
where the main plasma discharge and explosion took place. The
creation of spherules by electric discharge and electrical fusing, a
common effect of lightning, is now well demonstrated in the
Almost 100 years after the event, the specialists are still debating whether
the exploding object was a comet or an asteroid. Conventional
proponents of the comet explanation note the presence of cometary
material in the ground over a wide area. Proponents of the asteroid
or meteor hypothesis say that a fragile comet would be destroyed too
high in the atmosphere. The debate is entirely irrelevant from an
electrical vantage point. Comets, asteroids, and meteors have the
same origins and are formed in the same way. It is the contemporary
mythology of comets that suggests they are fragile "icy dirtballs."
An asteroid large enough to hold its charge while moving on a highly
elliptical (comet-like orbit) through the Sun’s electric field,
would become a comet irrespective of its
composition. In fact, we have an instance of this
occurring when the asteroid Chiron, on a chaotic orbit between
Saturn and Uranus, unexpectedly sported a tail and became classified
as a comet.
In considering theories of the Tunguska event, certain questions must
be asked without prejudice. Does a proposed explanation address all
of the facts? Are the facts predictable under the
proposed explanation? Is there anything we should expect to find
that has not been found? The electric theorists are confident that,
if official science will withdraw its investment in a discredited,
electrically sterile view of the physical universe, the answers to
these questions will be obvious.
In the case of the Tunguska event, some of the most compelling evidence comes from
those who experienced the terror first hand. In 1928, I. M. Suslov
recorded the following testimony from a member of Shanyagir tribe
(this taken from the Wikipedia site)—
“We had a hut by the
river with my brother Chekaren. We were sleeping. Suddenly we both
woke up at the same time. Somebody shoved us. We heard whistling and
felt strong wind. Chekaren said, "can you hear all those birds
flying overhead?" We were both in the hut, couldn't see what was
going on outside. Suddenly, I got shoved again, this time so hard I
fell into the fire. I got scared. Chekaren got scared too. We
started crying for out father, mother, brother, but no one answered.
“There was noise beyond
the hut, we could hear trees falling down. Me and Chekaren got out
of our sleeping bags and wanted to run out, but then the thunder
struck. This was the first thunder. The Earth began to move and
rock, wind hit our hut and knocked it over. My body was pushed down
by sticks, but my head was in the clear. Then I saw a wonder: trees
were falling, the branches were on fire, it became mighty bright,
how can I say this, as if there was a second sun, my eyes were
hurting, I even closed them. It was like what the Russians call
lightning. And immediately there was a loud thunderclap. This was
the second thunder. The morning was sunny, there were no clouds, our
Sun was shining brightly as usual, and suddenly there came a second
Me and Chekaren had some
difficulty getting under from the remains of our hut. Then we saw
that above, but in a different place, there was another flash, and
loud thunder came. This was the third thunder strike. Wind came
again, knocked us off our feet, struck against the fallen trees.
“We looked at the fallen
trees, watched the tree tops get snapped off, watched the fires.
Suddenly Chekaren yelled "Look up" and pointed with his hand. I
looked there and saw another flash, and it made another thunder. But
the noise was less than before. This was the fourth strike, like
remember well there was also one more thunder strike, but it was
small, and somewhere far away, where the Sun goes to sleep”.