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"I would rather have a mind opened by wonder
than one closed by belief."
- Gerry Spence

On Philosophy
by R. G. Collingwood

Philosophy cannot separate the study of knowing from the study of what is known.
The Idea of History,  p. 3.

Philosophy "the organized and scientific development of self-consciousness."
The Idea of History,  p. 4.

The traditional philosophies carry with them the implication that historical knowledge is impossible.  The Idea of History,  p. 6.

No metaphysician, no scientist. An Essay on Metaphysics,  p. 233.

Any attack on metaphysics is an attack on the foundations of science; any attack on the foundations of science is an attack on science itself. - An Essay on Metaphysics,  p. 170.

To say that a question arises, is to say that it has a logical connexion with our previous thoughts, that we have a reason for asking it and are not moved by mere capricious curiousity. "Philosophy of History" in Essays, p. 137.

If religion and philosophy are views of the same thing the ultimate nature of the universe then the true religion and the true philosophy must coincide, though they may differ in the vocabulary which they use to express the same facts.   Faith and Reason,  p. 55.

Philosophy progresses in so far as one stage of its development solves the problems which defeated it in the last, without losing its hold on the solutions already achieved.
The Idea of History, p. 332.

The only question that matters about a philosophy is whether it is right or wrong.
The Idea of History,  p. 173.

Any one who thinks, and is determined to let nothing stop him from thinking, is a philosopher. - An Essay on Philosophical Method, p. 15.

Real thinking is always to some extent experimental in its method; it always starts from practice and returns to practice; for it is based on 'interest' in the thing thought about; that is, on a practical concern with it.  New Leviathan 18.13.

That philosophy ought in some way to help our generation in its moral, social, and political troubles; that epistemology and the theory of value are not directly contributing to that end; and that in this respect some special significance attaches to the idea of evolution all this I fully and gladly accept; and I will try to say, as briefly as I can, what it is that in my opinion philosophy can do. But first, there is something which it cannot, and must not be tempted to do. It cannot descend like a deus ex machina upon the stage of practical life and, out of its superior insight into the nature of things, dictate the correct solution for this or that problem in morals, economic organization, or international politics. There is nothing in a philosopher's special work qualifying him to pilot a perplexed generation through those rocks and shoals. If a mariner finds himself at sea without navigator, chart, or compass, the Astronomer Royal himself, discovered among the passengers, could do little for him; he would be wiser to hail some coastwise fisherman. Even Plato did not think otherwise. He never proposed that professional philosophers should be dragged, blinking, from their studies and forcibly seated on thrones; only that expert knowledge of political life and its practical difficulties should be illuminated by philosophical reflection on its ultimate end.  Philosophy, 9 ( 1935):  p. 262-65.

Philosophy is never concerned with thought by itself; it is always concerned with its relation to its object, and is therefore concerned with the object just as much as with the thought.
The Idea of History,  p. 2.

     Philosophy . . . has this peculiarity, that reflection upon it is part of itself. The theory of poetry may or may not be of service to a poet opinions on that question have differed but it is no part of poetry. The theory of science and the theory of history are not parts of science and of history; if scientists and historians study these things, they study them not in their capacity as scientists or historians, but in their capacity as philosophers. But the theory of philosophy is itself a problem for philosophy; and not only a possible problem, but an inevitable problem, one which sooner or later it is bound to raise.  An Essay on Philosophical Method, p. 1

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