The savage, like ourselves, feels the oppression of his impotence before the powers of Nature; but having in himself nothing that he respects more than Power, he is willing to prostrate himself before his gods, without inquiring whether they are worthy of his worship. Pathetic and very terrible is the long history of cruelty and torture, of degradation and human sacrifice, endured in the hope of placating the jealous gods. - Bertrand Russell, A Free Man's Worship (1903)
The corpus of Homo Sapiens--"wise?" men--can be divided up into those that are controlled by their emotions, and by those who are controlled by the higher faculties. We are emotional beings, and that is a good thing. Life is experienced on the level of feeling, but it should be easy to see that the over all control should be held by the intellect.
Humans also can be divided up into two groups: 1) those that "care" about truth to some significant degree, and 2) those that are totally or almost totally occupied in satisfying the more "base" needs, desires and appetites including ego gratification. If you are truly seeking the truth in an intellectually responsible way, have great confidence, enough so that you are not insecure; because you are on the path of the gods. What more can a man do to be ultimately responsible than to seek the truth?
In thinking about information, knowledge, and people, their attitude towards truth and reality and their "religions" or belief systems, we can see that there are essentially three divisions of the first group--those that care--, according to how those persons relate to reality: the insane, the unsane and the sane.
(1) The insane can be characterized as somehow driven to obliterate, blur or obscure objective reality by projecting their personal concepts UPON it and actively trying to force it to fit their personal ideas. A simplistic example would be a person who is deluded into thinking they are Napoleon. They will want to reinforce their delusion by trying to be Napoleon, acting like Napoleon, wearing Napoleonic clothes, posing like Napoleon, etc. In practice, those that do this in a too troublesome way get ostracized or even locked up. Yet by no means are all who do so interred.
(2) The unsane comprise in my opinion the largest of these three groups. People in this group don't so much try to force objective reality to fit their internal beliefs, but rather they ignore it to some extent and smother it by clinging to an external authority--some combination of "sacred" writings, tradition, denomination, scientific majority, societal majority, peer pressure, career ambition, clergy or other formalized authority figures, those in power, etc. They filter information that comes to them through whatever belief system they are programmed with. They are insecure in their own self-conception and are emotionally attached to and necessarily dependent upon their authority/belief system for even their own identity and self-worth. They essentially embrace whatever information or concepts that come to them that "fit" their system and consciously or unconsciously set aside and ignore those that don't. It can be said of this group that they don't have a grip on their belief system, their belief system has a grip on them. These are the men that in one way or another can be wound up and pointed by others. Or in the words of Ernest Becker in his Pulitzer prize-winning book, The Denial of Death:
What we today call "inauthentic" men, men who...follow out the styles of automatic and uncritical living in which they were conditioned as children. They are "inauthentic" in that they do not act from their own center, do not see reality on its own terms; they are the one-dimensional men totally immersed in the fictional games being played in their society, unable to transcend their social conditioning: the corporation men in the west, the bureaucrats in the east, the tribal men locked up in tradition--man everywhere who doesn't understand what it means to think for himself and who, if he did, would shrink back at the idea of such audacity and exposure.
(3) The sane. In my experience, a very, very small fraction of the population, this group is composed of individuals that in one way or another have founded their self-identity and self-worth on internals instead of externals. This has allowed them to have the courage to internalize authority and take personal responsibility for their belief system, and they have learned to think critically for themselves. They have no need to deny or filter the facts and information from either internal OR objective, external reality, and thus can be rational (capable of apprehending the facts), logical (capable of drawing proper tentative conclusions from the facts), and reasonable (capable of aligning their values, conclusions, belief choices, agenda and action decisions in the context of some larger, humanely defensible purpose).
When it comes to knowledge, this group has the humility to be aware of how tenuous much of their knowledge really is and the members are not afraid to look for and do "reality checks". Where it comes to truth, they are not swayed by other people's psychological pressure, enthusiasm, charisma, popularity, power or "authority". Although they may be willing to die for certain fundamental principles, they understand that they personally are sovereign over and more valuable than their belief system, and they can change their belief system as THEY see fit . They are in control of their belief system from their core or center, their "internal reference point", instead of being controlled by external authorities or someone else's system.
If you understand and accept in general the theme of planetary astral catastrophe--especially the Saturn myth reconstruction--and the concomitant theme of the Golden Age ending in a major global disaster and resulting in a series of lesser Solar system shakeups, the implications and ramifications of this reconstruction become enormous and daunting, and for me, disquieting. One of the most meaningful deductions is that the human race is in a state of "collective denial and amnesia" and HAS been and STILL IS having a hard time coming to terms with this most dramatic and impactful aspect of its history. Again, it is our contention that it is critical for us to understand as best we can the memories and mythology of the ancient people and the context and events in which these were formed. Only then can we begin to make sense out of a bewildering world of scientific and religious confusion.
One of the insidious aspects of intellectual irresponsibility that manifests in our culture today concerns the handling of important words, their definitions, and how these words are misused so as to blur or partially obscure their true meaning.
"There is no such way to gain admittance, or give defense to strange and
Evidently humans have a penchant for being cute with words, by developing slang, pushing the range of what words mean, so much so that some words actually eventually come to mean the opposite of what they originally meant. The intellectually responsible person strives to use words carefully, staying close to their original meaning, Not to mention that words can be used to clarify OR obscure. Post Modernism is particularly nefarious because of its deconstruction of language and penchant for obscuring the truth or reality.
Given that there ARE paranormal experiences that many or most people have during their life time, this subject should also be dealt with. Consider the mass hysteria or mass hallucinations that occur. See https://infogalactic.com/info/Mass_hysteria Consider the prophecies and visions of "our Lady" at Medjugorje, There IS a wide variety of vivid dreams, visions, compulsions and the hearing of voices, a spectrum that runs from the extremes of schizophrenia to partial complex seizure syndrome to speaking in tongues to the occasional mild hallucination that can occur while under a heightened emotional state or distress. The bicameral brain/mind paradigm lays a foundation for understanding how one brain/mind can concoct an "experience and deliver it to the conscious or semiconscious mind.
Since every experience must involve SOME interpretation, the intellect must be empowered to watch over the interpretation, or override the false interpretation of these experiences, but rare is the person that can do this. What is at the core of ANY serious disagreement over the truth? Simply, it is that one or both minds are not understanding properly.
For that rare individual who somehow believes that he can know the truth and the truth will set him free, who sets his heart, mind, soul and feet on the pathway of intellectual responsibility, a word of warning: Don't expect widespread support or affirmation, because you will quickly be out of sync with many or most of those around you, and they will NOT appreciate it. Such is the fate of the intrepid spiritual warrior, but it is well worth it.