"To know or not to know? That is the question."
There are five basic categories of knowledge, two
of fundamental reliability, two of less reliability, and one of more tenuous reliability.
1) Intrinsic: Intrinsic knowledge is a kind of "hard wired" or
intuitive knowledge that can still be further developed as time goes
on. Intrinsic knowledge shows up in rationality and the application of
logic, allows us to know how to learn. Intrinsic knowledge is internal,
and is the most reliable or trustworthy knowledge that we have.
2) Sensory Sensory knowledge is simple perception which comes
directly from the five senses that we don't normally question. Sensory
knowledge is personal, dependent upon intrinsic knowledge, and takes a
minimum of interpretation.
3) Evidential: Evidential knowledge is composed of personally
experienced evidence which implies conclusions reached beyond a
reasonable doubt. With this type of knowledge we sense or address the
evidence directly but not the thing itself, and this knowledge is less
reliable than that based on experience because it overwhelmingly relies
upon interpretation. Evidential knowledge has an external source, and is
significantly less reliable than intrinsic or sensory knowledge.
4) Experiential: Experiential knowledge is composed of perhaps
prolonged personal life experiences that have come in a series of
learning situations. It is always a personal mix of beliefs and other
knowledge that takes a maximum of interpretation, yet it can be the most
meaningful knowledge that we have. The validity of this knowledge is
conditional on the validity of the personal interpretation.
5) Consentual: Consentual knowledge is composed of knowledge that
others have shared that we consent to hold because we trust (rightly or
wrongly) in the person or source passing on this externally derived
knowledge. Often the consent is given based purely on the lack of any
reason not to trust and should always be held with skepticism. Consentual knowledge can be broken down further into three meaningful categories:
a. That based on other's intrinsic, sensual, evidential, and experiential
knowledge and interpretation.
based on other's consentual knowledge.
based on other's beliefs, opinions, estimations, imaginations,
misinterpretations, fantasies, falsities, misunderstandings, neuroses,
Consentual knowledge is the most prevalent and voluminous knowledge
that we have but is the least reliable.
The 5 "P" PROPOSITIONS
There are five basic categories of proposed positions, again presented in descending reliability.
1) Proven: Conceptual constructs of realities that
have adequate supporting facts and foundation, have not been falsified or
disconfirmed, and have also been supported by all relevant observations
or demonstrations so that it is more reasonable to accept the proposition than to not accept it.
2) Probable: Conceptual constructs of realities that
have substantial supporting facts and foundation, have not been falsified or
disconfirmed, and have also been supported by enough observations or
demonstrations where it is reasonable to accept the proposition tentatively or as probable.
3) Potential: Conceptual constructs of realities that
have less than substantial supporting facts and foundation, have not been falsified or
disconfirmed, and have been supported by some observations or
demonstrations where it is reasonable to entertain the proposition as
potentially true but not to accept it.
4) Pretentious: Rather arbitrary conceptual
constructs of realities that assume facts and foundation not in evidence
and have neither been confirmed nor have been supported by enough
observations or demonstrations to where it is neither seemingly
productive nor reasonable to accept or entertain the proposition.
5) Preposterous: Conceptual constructs that violate
other better supported concepts, that have flimsy or little to no foundation
in facts and evidence, have not been supported with observations or demonstrations,
or violate sound epistemological or metaphysical principles.