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All interpretations of the empirical data analyzed in cosmology are made
upon the basis of premises that lie outside the domain of natural
science. In physics these are called principles; the initial
assumptions of mathematics are regarded as axioms; philosophy calls
them self-evident truths; and religion acknowledges them as
articles of faith. Without such assumptions, none of those
branches of human understanding would be able to operate at all.
But it should be recognized that the principles of cosmology are no
more scientific truths than are the principles of scholastic theology. -
B. Alan Wallace, Choosing Reality, p. 95
The Nature of the Spiritual Realm
Note: The term "spiritual" is used here in not a religious
or moral sense but rather in a general philosophical sense where the Physical
realm contrasts with the Spiritual Realm.
Mathematics is a non-arbitrary language, part of the
spiritual realm, that humans have developed to address, describe and model
both spiritual and physical reality on the most fundamental level. In
mathematics we have what are called axioms, and these are absolute,
foundational building blocks that are accepted as valid without challenge.
These axioms are NOT arbitrary but rather excerpted from real aspects of the
mind that are accepted as universal and eternal. One of the axioms of math
concerns the validity of using discrete, invariable integers as a
foundation, BECAUSE we cannot even imagine a reality that is not built upon
integer units. Mathematics necessarily has axioms and conventions, which are
for the most part arbitrary and do not affect mathematical calculation
except to facilitate them. Axioms CANNOT be violated, and any mathematical
construct that does so is considered to be false, invalid, bad, wrong
untrustworthy, dangerous, ad nauseam.
The discipline of philosophy is also a non-arbitrary
construct, part of the spiritual realm, that humans have developed to
address, describe and model spiritual reality. The two branches of
philosophy that are germane to our purpose are epistemology and metaphysics.
Epistemology is concerned with the nature of truth, and metaphysics is
concerned with the nature of knowledge of physical reality. Just as in math
where there are foundational axioms, there are axiomatic, foundational
building blocks in the areas of epistemology and metaphysics, and these are
absolute and eternal, and CANNOT be violated, and any philosophical or
scientific construct that does so is considered to be false, invalid, bad,
wrong untrustworthy, dangerous, ad nauseam.
The current environment
Given that since the breakdown or end of the golden age, the
physical environment for humans has not been benign, we have been inundated
with exigencies that require a focus on physical survival, a situation that
has kind of helped foster materialism and culture reductionism. Reducing
things down to the simplest appropriate level is not a bad thing, but the
term reductionism implies going too far, or leaving out crucial aspect of
reality that would educate our understanding. Generally in a materialistic
world, what is left out is the part that spiritual aspects play.
Some axiomatic principles
1. The Fundamental Fact and
Fundamental Conclusion: I
think, therefore I exist.
A corollary is: I want, therefore I exist.
If I didn’t exist, I wouldn’t be thinking or
These two facts come before we are even assured that we have a body. Everything else may be the product of my own mind, from my own imagination,
a dream, or an hallucination that I may be having, and so this is the
facet that we know with the highest level of certainty, metaphysical
certitude. Following right on the heels of this fact is that we know what we
immediately want. No one can tell us that we don't exist or that we don't
want what we want. Everything beyond these two facets of reality
requires some level of volition and faith in oneself to accurately acquire
information and conclude knowledge.
2. Essence of Reality: All
reality, both spiritual and physical, is sensed or apprehended through
contrast, change or difference. If there is no change in color and its
shade, we see nothing. If there is no change in texture, we feel nothing,
etc. If there were only one uniform sound of unvarying intensity or volume,
we would hear nothing. The same holds in spiritual reality. What makes
facets of the world of the mind and conception available for our
consideration is their difference from all the others. If there is no
difference or contrast in words or meaning, their is nothing to grasp and we
conceive nothing new or additional.
3. There is no such thing as nothing: Nothing is no thing, does nothing,
and the concept of nothing is just and only a mental reference point or a mental construct, like zero & infinity. Even the possibility of something is not nothing.
Since we obviously have something, every belief system must start with something,
and cannot start with nothing. One of the corollaries is that this means that the material universe must be
full of real material without voids of nothingness.
4. Sequence is Inviolate: One of the basic cornerstones of reality
in general is that of sequence of events, both physical and spiritual. The
sequence of events cannot be reversed or otherwise altered. If it could,
there would be no foundation of any conceivable reality, purpose or reason,
and meaning, Since "time" is the sequence of events, even time would lose
all relevance and become meaningless. There would be no basis for science,
causality, or certainty of anything.
5. Restrictions of Infinity: The application of the concept of
infinity is excluded from anything even theoretically countable, such as
particles of matter, and even from intangible facets like thoughts, ideas,
memories, etc. The number of these things may not be ascertainable, but they
still have a quantity count. Infinite must not be confused with eternal, because
the latter applies to an unending sequence of events. Infinity can only be
conceptually to that realm of extreme abstract intangibles, such as
possibilities. Just because it is a useful concept in mathematics doesn't give it
an application to reality.
Reality is Controlled by Inviolate Laws:
The functions of the material universe rely upon consistency of physical
law. These laws are not capricious or inconsistent. Unless there is an
ordinate spiritual entity that authored these laws, the laws cannot be
changed or abrogated and will operate consistently. All physical science operates by
accepting this principle as axiomatic.
7. Physical Phenomenon Are
All events in the physical realm are caused by pre-existing forces and factors.
With the possible exception of the birth of galaxies of new matter, the
physical universe does not spring acausal phenomena upon us. This is another
foundation block for physical science.
Upon examination these seven concepts are logically self evident and are therefore axiomatic
principles of philosophy. No volition or belief is involved in accepting these fundamentals.
Part of being intellectually or spiritually responsible requires us to
evaluate each concept, premise, piece of knowledge and belief we consider
accepting is to see if it is compatible with this group of axiomatic