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All interpretations of the empirical data analyzed in cosmology are made
upon the basis of premises that lie outside the domain of natural
science. In physics these are called principles; the initial
assumptions of mathematics are regarded as axioms; philosophy calls
them self-evident truths; and religion acknowledges them as
articles of faith. Without such assumptions, none of those
branches of human understanding would be able to operate at all.
But it should be recognized that the principles of cosmology are no
more scientific truths than are the principles of scholastic theology. -
B. Alan Wallace, Choosing Reality, p. 95
Axiomatic Philosophy Outline
Five Things You Need to Know and keep in mind when evaluating
propositions, premises, paradigms, belief systems or religions.
1. The Fundamental Fact and
Fundamental Conclusion: 'I' think, therefore 'I' exist.
If I didn’t exist, I wouldn’t be thinking.
Everything else may be the product of my own mind, from my own imagination,
a dream, or an hallucination that I may be having, and so this is the
facet that we know with the highest level of certainty. Everything beyond this
requires some level of volition and faith in oneself to accurately conclude
information and knowledge.
2. Essence of Reality: All reality, both spiritual and physical, is
sensed or apprehended
through contrast, change or difference. If there is no change in color
and its shade, we see nothing.
If there is no change in texture, we feel nothing, etc. If there were only
one uniform sound of unvarying intensity or volume, we would hear nothing. The same holds in spiritual reality.
What makes facets of the world of the mind and conception available for our
consideration is their difference from all the others.
If there is no difference or contrast in words or meaning, their is nothing
to grasp and we conceive nothing
3. There is no such thing as nothing: Nothing is no thing, does nothing,
and the concept of nothing is just and only a mental reference point or a mental construct, like zero & infinity. Even the possibility of something is not nothing.
Since we obviously have something, every belief system must start with something,
and cannot start with nothing. This means that the material universe must be
full of real material without voids of nothingness.
4. Sequence is Inviolate: One of the basic cornerstones of reality
in general is that of sequence of events, both physical and spiritual. The
sequence of events cannot be reversed or otherwise altered. If it could,
there would be no foundation of any conceivable reality, purpose or reason,
and meaning, Since "time" is the sequence of events, even time would lose
all relevance and become meaningless. There would be no basis for science,
causality, or certainty of anything.
5. Restrictions of Infinity: The application of the concept of
infinity is excluded from anything even theoretically countable, such as
particles of matter, and even from intangible facets like thoughts, ideas,
memories, etc. The number of these things may not be ascertainable, but they
have a quantity count. Infinite must not be confused with eternal, because
the latter applies to an unending sequence of events. Infinity can only be
conceptually to that realm of extreme abstract intangibles, such as
possibilities. Because it is a useful concept in mathematics doesn't give it
an application to reality.
These five concepts are logically self evident and are therefore axiomatic
principles of philosophy. No volition or belief is involved in accepting these fundamentals.
Part of being intellectually or spiritually responsible requires us to
evaluate each concept, premise, piece of knowledge and belief we consider
accepting to see if it is compatible with this group of axiomatic
To help do this is one of the intentions of the IFISEEU.com site.