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KRONOS       Fall 1975

Copyright (c)   1975 by LEWIS M. GREENBERG and WARNER B. SIZEMORE

In the Spring 1974 issue of Pensee (pp. 49-50), the Rev.  D. De Jong drew attention to Genesis 1:16 as possible support for Velikovsky's thesis that the Earth has been without a Moon in historical times (see Pensee, Winter 1973, p. 25).  Specifically, De Jong refers to the passage ­ "And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night" - reasoning that by "the lesser light the .stars are meant, and no moon is mentioned."

Now, as it happens, the planet Saturn was designated as Shamash or "sun" by the Assyro-Babylonian astrologers; and as far back as 1910 M. Jastrow (Revue d'Assyriologie, Vol. 70, p. 171) proposed "the idea that Saturn was a 'steady' or 'permanent' mock-sun - performing the same function of furnishing light at night that Sama's [Shamash - the Sun] performed during the day."

Furthermore, there is undeniable evidence that the concept of a "night-sun" as well as a "day-sun" existed in ancient Babylonian astro­logical thought.  The latter was viewed as the greater and the former the lesser of the "two chief lights of the heaven, one to serve during the day and the other at night" (Ibid., pp. 171-172).

A colleague of Jastrow, Prof.  J.A. Montgomery, therefore raised "the interesting question whether in Genesis 1: 16, the two 'lights' may not at one time have referred to the Sun and Saturn?" (Ibid., p. 172, n. 2, emphasis added).  Here then is yet another possibility that, in the beginning, the Earth was without a Moon.

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