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The Saturn Hypotheses
From Dwardu Cardona's STAR Series

Hypothesis #1: That the present giant gas planet we know by the name of Saturn had previously been a sub-brown dwarf star free floating in space outside the demarcation of the present Solar System.

[Site commentary] All stars are connected to and fed by an interstellar Birkeland current, and so proto-Saturn would have been tethered to a Birkeland current, maybe the same one that feeds the Solar System.

Hypothesis #2: That Earth was at that time a satellite of this proto-Saturnian sub-star which, because of its proximity, loomed large in the sky as a distinct disk larger than the present apparent size of the full Moon.

[Site commentary] Given certain dynamical aspects held in common with Earth, it is further hypothesized that Mars along with Earth were in the equatorial plane and in phase-locked orbits around the central brown dwarf.

Hypothesis #3: That, during this period, a nebulous entity, which we have conjectured to have been a circumstellar disk, surrounded the proto-Saturnian primary in its equatorial plane. This nebulous cloud seems to have been what our ancient forefathers inter alia alluded to as Chaos.

[Site commentary] Given that the conjecture of #3 is correct, the circumstellar disk was probably composed of dusty plasma.

Hypothesis #4: During this same period, the proto-Saturnian orb was described as having floated over an apparition which looked like an auroral sheet of eddying celestial water, a cosmic whirlpool of an ocean, which we conjecture to have been the same circumstellar disk.

[Site commentary] Given that until recently, translators have had no concept or understanding of electrical plasma available to them, the word used by the ancients to refer to the roiling, shimmering visible plasma fluids is invariably translated as "water", and the body of this fluid is termed an ocean or sea.

Hypothesis #5: That this proto-Saturnian assemblage was the first, and for a time, the only visible celestial entity that could be seen in Earthís primordial sky.

[Site commentary] Earth and Mars were probably separated by 120 degrees of arc in their phase-locked orbits in the equatorial plane with intervening disk material, and it is unclear as to whether earth denizens could see Mars during this period.

Hypothesis #6: That, as seen from Earth, the proto-Saturnian primary did not rise or set, but remained visibly immobile at all times.

[Site commentary]  The central luminary certainly could be seen as stationary directly overhead.

Hypothesis #7: That proto-Saturnís immobility was due to the fact that Earth was stationed directly ďbeneathĒ proto-Saturnís south pole and that, from Earth, proto-Saturn would have appeared to be permanently fixed in the north celestial sphere, the very place which is now occupied by the far more distant Pole Star. What this also means is that Earth and proto-Saturn were linearly aligned with both of them sharing the same axis of rotation.

[Site commentary] Before this Saturnian system drifted into and intersected the heliopause, The satellites were probably in the orbits described above. But once this system came within the heliopause and the sun's more prominent influence, these planets aligned up in the polar configuration described in #7.

Hypothesis #8: That what appeared to be a slow-twirling narrow beam of tapering light connected the proto-Saturnian orb to Earthís north polar region. This ray from above was a sustained plasma discharge in the form of Birkeland current, a scaled-down version, or the slowly deteriorating remnant, of a so-called plasma ďjet,Ē many of which are presently observed streaming from galactic and stellar objects, and as in fact have been detected emanating from brown dwarf stars.

[Site commentary] This was the notable polar column, so widely mythologized as the axis mundi, the cosmic umbilical cord, and was seen from the Earth as a stepped pyramid, the ladder to heaven. This feature may not have existed until the Saturnian system entered the domain of our sun.

Hypothesis #9: That Earth was originally engulfed in what our ancestors persistently referred to as darkness. This was an age which, despite its remoteness, ended up etching itself indelibly in human consciousness. It was an era during which the Sun, the Moon, and the stars were not yet visible in the sky. Proto-Saturn ruled alone. That this darkness was not total was also told by ancient man who well remembered the feeble light that proto-Saturn shed on Earth.

[Site commentary] The spectrum of this light was probably in the infrared, thus invisible but quite adequate for lush plant growth.

Hypothesis #10: That this system was embedded in a plasmasphere that was centered on proto-Saturn, the near opacity of which enabled proto-Saturnís radiation to be reflected to all terrestrial latitudes.

[Site commentary] There are three different phases or modes of plasma discharge depending on the current density--dark mode, glow mode, and arc mode--with the first being of low density and invisible, the second where the material may be more tenuous than any earthly vacuum but nevertheless glow visible, and the third where the current density is high enough to shed a brilliant, intense or blinding light of higher wave length, including ionizing radiation. Stars have these shells, with the lower energy stars lacking the arc mode that our sun has. During this time proto-Saturn was enveloped within its spheroidal glow mode shell, and the Earth essentially received its dim light and heat uniformly from all directions.

Hypothesis #11: That proto-Saturnís illumination, relatively feeble as it was, together with the plasmasphereís near opacity, were the means by which the stars were kept from visibility. The Sun, on the other hand, was still too far to be seen, while the Moon had not yet been captured.

[Site commentary] The glowing orb of proto-Saturn was the only celestial object in the sky that could be seen, and since it was the farthest object that could be seen it came to be known as the deep.

Hypothesis #12: That Earth would have received enough heat to sustain life, which heat would have radiated directly from proto-Saturnís close proximity above Earthís northern hemisphere. The southern latitudes would also have received sufficient warmth, even if a feebler light, from the radiation that would have been reflected off the inner surface of proto- Saturnís plasmasphere within which Earth would have been enveloped. In the northern hemisphere, this indirect radiation would have added to the direct heat and light received from above Earthís northern pole. Thus, during this time, Earthís climatic environment would have been one without seasonal change, luxuriating in one single season of eternal spring, even though there would have been slightly different latitudinal temperatures. Tropical and/or sub- tropical flora and fauna were thus able to thrive in Earthís northern region, even within the present Arctic Circle, and the possibility exists that this flora and fauna originated in these very regions before migrating to more southerly latitudes.

[Site commentary] All essentially correct, except it is unclear as to whether or not there would have been any significant difference in light, heat and temperature for the latitudes..

Hypothesis #13: That the much more energetic dust-laden formations of what have now turned into auroral ovals were responsible for casting ribbons of lands, south of the Arctic and north of Antarctica, into perpetually colder climates which, through the ages, resulted in the miles-deep glaciation that account for Earthís series of ice ages.1

Hypothesis #14: That, due to proto-Saturnís immobility, and the absence of the Sun, ancient man had nothing at his disposal by which he could calculate the passage of time.

[Site commentary] Without season or even night or day, this was known as a timeless age or era, and existed before the beginning of time, or at least before time consciousness took hold in the mind of Man on Earth.

Hypothesis #15: That, as the proto-Saturnian system drew closer to the present Sunís domain of influence, their plasmaspheres came in contact with each other, electrical potentials clashed, and cosmic sparks began to fly. Thus commenced a protracted series of rebounds, deviations, and crossovers of the respective plasma sheaths, with proto-Saturn emitting flashes of radiating light and heat at each and every contact, while also emitting clouds of dust, some of which beclouded the terrestrial atmosphere.

[Site commentary] These electrical surges may have been caused by the wavering Birkeland feed current rather than repeated contact with the suns heliopause. Whatever their cause, according to the mytho-historical record they happened.

Hypothesis #16: It was the sudden heat released by proto-Saturnís outbursts in this series of plasmaspheric interactions that was directly responsible for the string of interglacials toward the end of the Pleistocene epoch. The reversal back to cold at the end of each interglacial was mainly due to proto-Saturnís own return close to its previous temperature, while also aided to an extent by its temporary shielding by the accumulated dust in Earthís atmosphere.

Hypothesis #17: That, eventually, proto-Saturn succeeded in penetrating the Sunís heliosphere and, finding itself electrically unbalanced within this new domain, suffered a much more drastic disruption than its previous burst of power.

[Site commentary] This may have been when the time when the new planet know as Venus was fissioned out of Saturn and took its place in the polar column between Saturn and Mars.

Hypothesis #18: That the first signs of this electrical balance were manifested by the jet-like Birkeland column that joined proto-Saturn to Earth, which jet was seen to undergo a series of visible instabilities, the likes of which mankind had never seen and which he commenced to reproduce in his sacred art down through the ages.

[Site commentary] These instabilities are known as Peratt instabilities and are the end phases of a giant plasma discharge.

Hypothesis #19: That, following this series of awe-inspiring volatilities, the jet was seen to retract itself and disappear within the very proto-Saturnian orb that had originally spewed it forth.

Hypothesis # 20: That, due to the disproportionate electrical energy between proto-Saturn and the Sun, the former flared up in a glorious burst of light that belittled its previous flares, while it dispelled the gloom, an event that went down in the mytho-history of mankind as Day One.2

Hypothesis #21: That this major proto-Saturnian blast shed a vast amount of dust, belittling what it had shed in previous minor outbursts, some of which dust was eventually captured in Earthís atmosphere due to gravitational attraction.

Hypothesis # 22: That this super-flare-up managed to scatter most of the detritus that had been contained within proto-Saturnís circumstellar disk, and that what remained formed a much less dense accumulation with a wide gap between its inner edge and the proto-Saturnian orb.

Hypothesis #23: That the flare-up was also responsible for the blowing away of Earthís auroral toroids together with a portion of the terrestrial atmosphere.

Hypothesis #24: That immediately upon and due to proto-Saturnís flare-up, Earth and its inhabitants were subjected to an appalling heat wave that caused world-wide forest fires while engulfing all and sundry in a tremendous sheet of cosmic radiation, including X-rays and other potentially harmful beams and particles.

Hypothesis #25: That the proto-Saturnian systemís encounter with the Sun resulted in the reversal of Earthís magnetic fieldóor, more correctly, its dipoleóthat was due the combined reaction of the Sunís super-flare-like discharge together with proto-Saturnís own flare. This culminated in a boost of the terrestrial field that would then have commenced to decay once more in its attempt to adjust to the Sunís own field of influence

Hypothesis #26: That, very much like the Sunís flares achieve at present on a much smaller scale, proto-Saturnís flare-up braked Earthís rotational speed, with its former rate resuming not long after.

[Site commentary] This may account for the global myths relating to the sun either not rising or not setting during the Earth's normal period of rotation.

Hypothesis #27: That this temporary braking effect resulted in the oceansí incursion overlarge areas of the land as well as additional heat due to the friction between Earthís crustal layers which also caused tremendous tectonic activity including global volcanism, earthquakes, landslides, and various other upheavals.

[Site commentary] There are marine fossils widely distributed over vast areas well inland from the current coastal shores.

Hypothesis #28: That, together with the emitted dust, proto-Saturn also expelled quantities of substantial rock-hard rubble some of which bombarded Earth, exploding in its atmosphere, the shards and burst from which scarred the terrestrial surface in various localities with north oriented craters, some of which were later filled with water, plants, or both.

Hypothesis #29: That the calamities incurred by Earth throughout these events were responsible for great loss of life among both beasts and man. Vast hordes of animals that existed during the Ice Age were completely exterminated, never again to grace the land or the oceans they once inhabited.

[Site commentary] The geological/paleontological record of the strata indicates a total of 7 extinctions, with five of them being major ones.

Hypothesis #30: That, despite the above, some species, including some of the mammoths, did manage to survive in isolated pockets just as tribal units of mankind also did.

[Site commentary] This is fairly obvious and hardly falls to the level of an hypothesis.

Hypothesis #31: That the cosmic radiation released by proto-Saturnís flare-up would have also resulted in the birth of mutated offspring both among surviving animals and humankind, but that, with some possible exceptions, including racial diversions among humans, these mutations were not passed on to following generations.

Hypothesis #32: That, due to the ensuing heat wave, the glaciers of the Pleistocene Ice Age commenced to melt, thus raising oceanic levels all over the world, while causing further floods and mud slides. Previous glaciated areas were thus reclaimed and, in time, the greening of these regions added tremendously to the habitability of Earthís northern hemisphere.

Hypothesis #33: Mainly due to proto-Saturnís return to its previous cooler temperature, but partly aided by the enshrouding dust that had collected in the terrestrial atmosphere, Earth was once again plunged into a colder environment, that of the Younger Dryas, which was not, however, as freezingly cold as the Ice Age out of which it had emerged.

Hypothesis #34: That this series of events was remembered by those whom it touched and passed on to their descendants as a number of aborted attempts at what became known as the Creation, with each attempt being remembered as having been thwarted due to a re-accumulation of terrestrial ice

Hypothesis #35: That, with proto-Saturnís dust settling on the land, Earth returned to warmth as suddenly as it had temporarily slipped back into the cold.

Hypothesis #36: That, following its flare-up, proto-Saturn continued to shine much brighter than it had previously done, bright enough for ancient man to have persistently alluded to it as a sun.

Hypothesis #37: That, at a later period, this primordial proto-Saturnian sun continued to shine during that time we presently allude to as night.

[Site commentary] Of course, the total darkness of night as we know it did NOT EXIST, but with the sun behind Saturn heading the polar configuration, the signle period rotation of the earth produced a dimmer and a brighter part of the day known as the morning and the evening.

Hypothesis #38: That, while the proto-Saturnian congregation was moving deeper into the Solar System, its plasmasphere changed its electromagnetic character, thus robbing it of its former near opacity. It was during this protracted time that ancient man was finally able to catch a glimpse of the slowly approaching Sun which, at first, appeared no bigger than a star.

[Site commentary] Thus began the era of when there was the lesser light generator and the greater light generator.

1. Primordial Star, p. 260 ff.

2. Genesis 1:5.

Star Series books by Dwardu Cardona:

God Star Trafford Publishing, Victoria, BC, Canada, 2006, 518 pages.

Flare Star Trafford Publishing, Victoria, BC, Canada, 2001, 546 pages.

Primordial Star Trafford Publishing, Victoria, BC, Canada, 2009, 382 pages.

Metamorphic Star Mikamar Publishing, Milwaukie, Oregon 2011, 354 pages.

Newborn Star  Tellwell Publishers, Victoria, BC, Canada, 2016, 500 pages.

All 5 books may be ordered from www.stickmanonstone.com

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