Premise: The translation of the word
Βασιλεία in Greek as "kingdom" is too
materialistic, and conjures up thinking of a tangible realm that one
can belong to or a special
territory in the universe within which one can be physically. Furthermore, this translation as
"kingdom" doesn't make sense in all the usages, and it is
hard to see how all the parables would apply to such.
Thus the word should be translated as "kingship", a translation that is
every bit as linguistically defensible. When so translated, the
passages suddenly are not so strained, and they take on a more
promising consistency and meaning. because the "kingship" of God or
the heavens is a spiritual, cultural realm, a state of empowered
status and living, and not a physical region or realm.
The premise accepted by the author is that heretofore the preference of the translators to use the more
materialistic "kingdom" instead of "kingship" is related to the
historical and prevailing desire of mankind to return to the
conditions and the God-king of the Golden Age:
Perhaps the most accomplished analyst of mythology in
modern times was the late Mircea Eliade, chairman of the Department of
History of Religions at the University of Chicago, and editor of the
Encyclopedia of Religion. From his meticulous, lifelong survey of the
subject, professor Eliade drew a stunning conclusion: literally every
component of early civilizations—from religion to art and
architecture—expressed symbolically the desire to recover and to
re-live the lost Golden Age. That which symbolically transported the
participant back to the First Time, the Golden Age, was sacred. That
which did not was transient and mundane, of little or no interest.
Around the world, early man yearned for a return to
paradise. Every coronation of a king, every New Year's festival,
monumental construction, every recitation of temple hymns and prayers,
every holy war, every sacrifice to the gods was motivated by a desire to
recapture some aspect of the Golden Age, to live, if only for a symbolic
moment, in the original age of the gods. - David Talbott,
The Golden Age
"The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, toward the sea, across the Jordan,
Galilee of the Gentiles ‑‑ the people who sat in darkness have seen
a great light, and for those who sat in the region and shadow of
death light has dawned."
those men begging for the real meaning of life, because<for at the
time> of these will really be the kingship of the heavens.
those men who will be grieving, because<for at the time> of these
men everyone shall be invited to come in<or be persuaded to be
the forbearing men, because<for at the time> of these men they
all shall receive possession of the chosen land.
those men who are being famished and will be thirsting for what
everyone deserves, because<for at the time> of these men everyone
shall be satisfied.
"Blessed are those men having compassion, because<for at the time> of these
men they all shall obtain mercy.
"Blessed are those men clean in mind, because<for at the time> of these men
they all shall see<understand> God.
"Blessed are those men supporting (causing) unity, because<for at the time> of
these men they all shall be called sons of God.
those men who are eagerly endeavoring to acquire what they all
deserve, because<for at the time> of these will really be the
kingship of the heavens.
"Blessed will you men be at the time that men will reproach you and persecute you
and will say every miserable, lying thing against you, concerning
me. You rejoice then and celebrate, because<for at that time> the
reward of everyone is of great magnitude within heaven, for
which<reward> the prophets somewhat acquired before you."
And he came down with them and stood on a level place, with a great
crowd of his disciples and a great multitude of people from all
Judea and Jerusalem and the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon, who came to
hear him and to be healed of their diseases; and those who were
troubled with unclean spirits were cured. And all the crowd sought
to touch him, for power came forth from him and healed them all.
And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said:
those men begging, for yours is the kingship of God.
those men hungering now, for you shall be satisfied.
those men weeping now, for you shall laugh. "Blessed are you when
men hate you, and when they exclude you and revile you, and cast out
your name as evil, on account of the Son of man! Rejoice in that
day, and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven;
for so their fathers did to the prophets."
As they were going along the road, a man said to him, "I will follow
you wherever you go." And Jesus said to him, "Foxes have holes, and
birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man has nowhere to lay
his head." To another he said, "Follow me." But he said, "Lord,
let me first go and bury my father." But he said to him, "Leave the
dead to bury their own dead; but as for you, go and proclaim the
kingship of God." Another said, "I will follow you, Lord; but
let me first say farewell to those at my home." Jesus said to him,
"No one who puts his hand to the plow and looks back is fit for the
kingship of God."
Matthew 10:1-8 And he called to him his twelve disciples and gave them
authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and .... charging
"Go nowhere among the Gentiles, and enter no town of the Samaritans, but go
rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And preach as you
go, saying, 'The kingship of the heavens is at hand.' Heal
the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, cast out demons. You
received without paying, give without pay."
Luke 10:8-12 Whenever you enter a town and they receive
you, eat what is set before you; heal the sick in it and say to
them, 'The kingship of God has come near to you.' But
whenever you enter a town and they do not receive you, go into its
streets and say, 'Even the dust of your town that clings to our
feet, we wipe off against you; nevertheless know this, that the
kingship of God has come near.' I tell you, it shall be more
tolerable on that day for Sodom than for that town."
Matthew 11:11,12 "Truly, I say to you, among those born of women there has
risen no one greater than John the Baptist; yet he who is least in
the kingship of the heavens is greater than he. From the
days of John the Baptist until now the kingship of the
heavens has suffered violence, and men of violence <try to>take it by
When the messengers of John had gone, he began to speak to the
crowds concerning John: "What did you go out into the wilderness to
behold? ...... A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more (important) than
a prophet. This is he of whom it is written, 'Behold, I send my
messenger before thy face, who shall prepare thy way before thee.'
I tell you, among those born of women none is greater than John; yet
he who is least in the kingship of God is greater than he."
Matthew 12:22-28 Then a blind and dumb demoniac was brought to him, and he
healed him, so that the dumb man spoke and saw. And all the people
were amazed, and said, "Can this be the Son of David?" But when the
Pharisees heard it they said, "It is only by Beelzebul, the prince
of demons, that this man casts out demons." Knowing their thoughts,
he said to them, "Every kingship divided against itself
is laid waste, and no city or house divided against itself will
stand; and if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself;
how then will his kingship stand? And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul,
by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they shall be your
judges. But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons,
then the kingship of God has come upon you."
11:14-20 Now he was casting out a demon that was dumb; when the
demon had gone out, the dumb man spoke, and the people marveled.
But some of them said, "He casts out demons by Beelzebul, the prince
of demons"; while others, to test him, sought from him a sign from
heaven. But he, knowing their thoughts, said to them, "Every
kingship divided against itself is laid waste, and a divided
household falls. And if Satan also is divided against himself, how
will his kingship stand? For you say that I cast out demons by Beelzebul. And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your
sons cast them out? Therefore they shall be your judges. But if it
is by the finger of God that I cast out demons, then the kingship
of God has come upon you.
13:1-9 That same day Jesus went out of the house and sat beside the
sea. And great crowds gathered about him, so that he got into a
boat and sat there; and the whole crowd stood on the beach.
And he told
them many things in parables, saying: "A sower went out to sow. And
as he sowed, some seeds fell along the path, and the birds came and
devoured them. Other seeds fell on rocky ground, where they had not
much soil, and immediately they sprang up, since they had no depth
of soil, but when the sun rose they were scorched; and since they
had no root they withered away. Other seeds fell upon thorns, and
the thorns grew up and choked them. Other seeds fell on good soil
and brought forth grain, some a hundredfold, some sixty, some
thirty. He who has ears, let him hear."
And he taught them many things in parables, and in his teaching he
said to them: "Listen! A sower went out to sow. And as he sowed,
some seed fell along the path, and the birds came and devoured it.
Other seed fell on rocky ground, where it had not much soil, and
immediately it sprang up, since it had no depth of soil; and when
the sun rose it was scorched, and since it had no root it withered
fell among thorns and the thorns grew up and choked it, and it
yielded no grain. And other seeds fell into good soil and brought
forth grain, growing up and increasing and yielding thirtyfold and
sixtyfold and a hundredfold." And he said, "He who has ears to
hear, let him hear."
And when a great crowd came together and people from town after town
came to him, he said in a parable: "A sower went out to sow his
seed; and as he sowed, some fell along the path, and was trodden
under foot, and the birds of the air devoured it. And some fell on
the rock; and as it grew up, it withered away, because it had no
moisture. And some fell among thorns; and the thorns grew with it,
and choked it. And some fell into good soil and grew, and yielded a
hundredfold" As he said this, he called out, "He who has ears to
hear, let him hear."
13:10-13 Then the disciples came and said to him, "Why do you speak
to them in parables?" And he answered them, "To you it has been
given to know the secrets of the kingship of the heavens, but
to them it has not been given. For to him who has will more be
given, and he will have abundance; but from him who has not, even
what he has will be taken away. This is why I speak to them in
parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not
hear, nor do they understand.
13:18-23 "Hear then the parable of the sower. When any one hears
the word of the kingship and does not understand it, the evil
one comes and snatches away what is sown in his heart; this is what
was sown along the path. As for what was sown on rocky ground, this
is he who hears the word<of the kingship> and immediately
receives it with joy; yet he has no root in himself,** but endures for
a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of
the word<of the kingship>, immediately he falls away.
As for what
was sown among thorns, this is he who hears the word<of the
kingship>, but the cares of the world and the delight in riches
choke the word<of the kingship>, and it proves unfruitful.
As for what was sown on good soil, this is he who hears the word<of
the kingship> and understands it; he indeed bears fruit, and
yields, in one case a hundredfold, in another sixty, and in another
4:10-20 And when he was alone, those who were about him with the
twelve asked him concerning the parables. And he said to them, "To
you has been given the secret of the kingship of God, but for
those outside everything is in parables; so that they may indeed see
but not perceive, and may indeed hear but not understand; lest they
should turn again, and be forgiven."
And he said
to them, "Do you not understand this parable? How then will you
understand all the parables? The sower sows the word. And these
are the ones along the path, where the word is sown; when they hear,
Satan immediately comes and takes away the word which is sown in
And these in
like manner are the ones sown upon rocky ground, who, when they hear
the word, immediately receive it with joy; and they have no root in
themselves,** but endure for a while; then, when tribulation or
persecution arises on account of the word, immediately they fall
are the ones sown among thorns; they are those who hear the word,
but the cares of the world, and the delight in riches, and the
desire for other things, enter in and choke the word, and it proves
But those that were sown upon the good soil are the ones who hear the word and
accept it and bear fruit, thirtyfold and sixtyfold and a
And when his disciples asked him what this parable meant, he said,
"To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingship
of God; but for others they are in parables, so that seeing they may
not see, and hearing the may not understand.
Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. The ones along the
path are those who have heard; then the devil comes and take away
the word from their hearts, that they may not believe and be saved.
And the ones on the rock are those who, when they hear the word,
receive it with joy; but these have no root, they believe for awhile
and in time of temptation fall away. And as for what fell among
thorns, they are those who hear, but as they go on their way they
are choked by the cares and riches and pleasures of life, and their
fruit does not mature. And as for that in the good soil, they are
those who, hearing the word, hold it fast in an honest and good
heart, and bring forth fruit with patience."
13:24-30 Another parable he put before them, saying, "The
kingship of the heavens may be compared to a man who sowed good
seed in his field; but while men were sleeping, his enemy came and
sowed weeds* among the wheat, and went away. So when the plants came
up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared also. And the servants
of the householder came and said to him, 'Sir, did you not sow good
seed in your field? How then has it weeds?' He said to them, 'An
enemy has done this.' The servants said to him, 'Then do you want
us to go and gather them?' But he said, 'No; lest in gathering the
weeds you root up the wheat along with them. Let both grow together
until the harvest; and at harvest time I will tell the reapers,
'Gather the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but
gather the wheat into my barn.'"
* The weeds are false doctrines, not people.
4:26-29 And he said, "The kingship of God is as if a man
should scatter seed upon the ground, and should sleep and rise night
and day, and the seed should sprout and grow, he knows not how. The
earth produces of itself, first the blade, then the ear, then the
full grain in the ear. But when the grain is ripe, at once he puts
in the sickle, because the harvest has come."
13:36-43 And his disciples came to him, saying, "Explain to us the
parable of the weeds of the field." He answered, "He who sows the
good seed is the Son of man; the field is the world, and the good
seed means the sons of the kingship; the weeds are the sons
of the evil one, and the enemy who sowed them is the devil; the
harvest is the close of the age, and the reapers are messengers. Just
as the weeds are gathered and burned with fire, so will it be at the
close of the age. The Son of man will send his messengers, and they
will gather out of his kingdom all causes** of sin and all evildoers,
and throw them into the furnace of fire; there men will weep and
gnash their teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the
kingship of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear."
** Notice that it is the CAUSES—false concepts and doctrines—that
are destroyed. The men promulgating these will weep and gnash their
teeth with regret in the judgment.
13:31-32 Another parable he put before them, saying, "The
kingship of the heavens is like a grain of mustard seed which a
man took and sowed in his field; it is the smallest of all seeds,
but when it has grown it is the greatest of shrubs and becomes a
tree, so that the birds of the air come and make nests in its
4:30-32 And he said, "With what can we compare the kingship
of God, or what parable shall we use for it? It is like a grain of
mustard seed, which, when sown upon the ground, is the smallest of
all the seeds on earth; yet when it is sown it grows up and becomes
the greatest of all shrubs, and puts forth large branches, so that
the birds of the air can make nests in its shade."
13:18-19 He said therefore, "What is the kingship of God
like? And to what shall I compare it? It is like a grain of mustard
seed which a man took and sowed in his garden; and it grew and
became a tree, and the birds of the air made nests in its branches."
13:33 He told them another parable. "The kingship of the
heavens is like leaven which a woman took and hid in three measures
of flour, till it was all leavened."
13:20-21 And again he said, "To what shall I compare the
kingship of God? It is like leaven which a woman took and hid
in three measures of flour, till it was all leavened."
13:44-52 "The kingship of the heavens is like treasure
hidden in a field, which a man found and covered up; then in his joy
he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.
kingship of the heavens is like a merchant in search of fine
pearls, who, on finding one pearl of great value, went and sold all
that he had and bought it.
kingship of the heavens is like a net which was thrown into
the sea and gathered fish of every kind; when it was full, men drew
it ashore and sat down and sorted the good into vessels but threw
away the bad. So it will be at the close of the age. The angels
will come out and separate the evil from the righteous, and throw
them into the furnace of fire; there men will weep and gnash their
understood all this?" They said to him, "Yes." And he said to
them, "Therefore every scribe who has been trained for the
kingship of the heavens is like a householder who brings out of
his treasure what is new and what is old."
13:22-30 He went on his way through towns and villages, teaching,
and journeying toward Jerusalem. And some one said to him, "Lord,
will those who are saved be few?" And he said to them, "Strive to
enter by the narrow door; for many, I tell you, will seek to enter
and will not be able. When once the householder has risen up and
shut the door, you will begin to stand outside and to knock at the
door, saying, 'Lord, open to us.' He will
answer you, 'I do not know where you come from.' Then you will
begin to say, 'We ate and drank in your presence, and you taught in
our streets.' But he will say, 'I tell you, I do not know where you
come from; depart from me, all you workers of iniquity!' There you
will weep and gnash your teeth, when you see Abraham and Isaac and
Jacob and all the prophets in the kingship of God and you
yourselves thrust out. And men will come from east and west, and
from north and south, and sit at table in the kingship of
God. And behold, some are last who will be first, and some are
first who will be last."
16:24-28 Then Jesus told his disciples, "If any man would come
after me, let him deny himself and pull up his stake and follow me.
For whoever would save his life will lose it, and whoever loses his
life for my sake will find it. For what will it profit a man, if he
gains the whole world and forfeits his life? Or what shall a man
give in return for his life? For the Son of man is to come with his
angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will repay every man
for what he has done. Truly, I say to you, there are some standing
here who will not taste death before they see the Son of man coming
in his kingship."
8:37-9:1 "For what can a man give in return for his life? For
whoever is ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and
sinful generation, of him will the Son of man also be ashamed, when
he comes in the glory of his Father with the holy angels." And he
said to them, "Truly, I say to you, there are some standing here who
will not taste death before they see that the kingship of God
has come with power."
Luke 9:23-27 And he said to all, "If any man would come after
me, let him deny himself and pull up his stake daily and follow me.
For whoever would save his life will lose it; and whoever loses his
life for my sake, he will save it. For what does it profit a man if
he gains the whole world and loses or forfeits himself? For whoever
is ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of man be
ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and
of the holy angels. But I tell you truly, there are some standing
here who will not taste death before they see the kingship of
16:18-20 On THIS rock I will build my church, and the
powers of death shall not prevail against it. I will give you the
keys of the kingship of the heavens, and whatever you bind on
earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth
shall be loosed in heaven." Then he strictly charged the disciples
to tell no one that he was the Christ.
18:7-9 "Woe to the world for temptations to sin! For it is
necessary that temptations come, but woe to the man by whom the
temptation comes! And if your hand or your foot causes you to sin,
cut it off and throw it away; it is better for you to enter life
maimed or lame than with two hands or two feet to be thrown into the
fire of the ages. And if your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out
and throw it away; it is better for you to enter life with one eye
than with two eyes to be thrown into the fire of gehenna."
"And if your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out; it is better for
you to enter the kingship of God with one eye than with two
eyes to be thrown into gehenna."
18:1-4 At that time the disciples came to Jesus, saying, "Who is
the greatest in the kingship of the heavens?" And calling to
him a child, he put him in the midst of them, and said, "Truly, I
say to you, unless you turn and become like children, you will never
enter the kingship of the heavens. Whoever humbles himself
like this child, he is the greatest in the kingship of the
10:13-15 And they were bringing children to him, that he might
touch them; and the disciples rebuked them. But when Jesus saw it
he was indignant, and said to them, "Let the children come to me, do
not hinder them; for to such belongs the kingship of God.
Truly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingship of
God like a child shall not enter it."
Matthew 18:21-35 Then Peter came up and said to him,
"Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him?
As many as seven times?" Jesus said to him, "I do not say to
you seven times, but seventy times seven."
"Therefore the kingship of the heavens may be compared to a king who
wished to settle accounts with his servants. When he began the
reckoning, one was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents;
and as he could not pay, his lord ordered him to be sold, with his
wife and children and all that he had, and payment to be made. So
the servant fell on his knees, imploring him, 'Lord, have patience
with me, and I will pay you everything.' And out of pity for him
the lord of that servant released him and forgave him the debt. But
that same servant, as he went out, came upon one of his fellow
servants who owed him a hundred denarii; and seizing him by the
throat he said, 'Pay what you owe.' So his fellow servant fell down
and besought him, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you.' He
refused and went and put him in prison till he should pay the debt.
When his fellow servants saw what had taken place, they were greatly
distressed, and they went and reported to their lord all that had
taken place. Then his lord summoned him and said to him, 'You
wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you besought
me; and should not you have had mercy on your fellow servant, as I
had mercy on you?' And in anger his lord delivered him to the
jailers, till he should pay all his debt. So also my heavenly
Father will do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your
brother from your heart."
Matthew 19:12 For there are eunuchs who have been so from birth, and there
are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs
who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingship
of the heavens. He who is able to receive this, let him receive
Matthew 19:13-15 Then children were brought to him that he might lay his
hands on them and pray. The disciples rebuked the people; but Jesus
said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder them; for to
such belongs the kingship of the heavens." And he laid his
hands on them and went away.
Luke 18:15-17 Now they were bringing even infants to him that he might
touch them; and when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. But
Jesus called them to him, saying, "Let the children come to me, and
do not hinder them; for to such belongs the kingship of God.
Truly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingship of
God like a child shall not enter it."
Matthew 19:16-30 And behold, one came up to him, saying, "Teacher, what
good deed must I do, to have eternal life?" And he said to him,
"Why do you ask me about what is good? One there is who is good. If
you would enter life, keep the commandments." He said to him,
"Which?" And Jesus said, "You shall not kill, You shall not commit
adultery, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness,
Honor your father and mother, and, You shall love your neighbor as
The young man said to him, "All these I have observed; what do I still lack?"
Jesus said to him, "If you would be perfect, go, sell what you
possess and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven;
and come, follow me." When the young man heard this he went away
sorrowful; for he had great possessions.
said to his disciples, "Truly, I say to you, it will be hard for a
rich man to enter the kingship of the heavens. Again I tell
you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than
for a rich man to enter the kingship of God."
When the disciples heard this they were greatly astonished, saying, "Who then
can be saved?" But Jesus looked at them and said to them, "With men
this is impossible, but with God all things are possible." Then
Peter said in reply, "Lo, we have left everything and followed you.
What then shall we have?" Jesus said to them, "Truly, I say to you,
in the new world, when the Son of man shall be situated on his
glorious seat of power you who have followed me will also be
situated on twelve seats of power, judging the twelve tribes of
Israel. And every one who has left houses or brothers or sisters or
father or mother or children or lands, for my name's sake, will
receive a hundredfold, and inherit everlasting life. But many that
are first will be last, and the last first."
Mark 10:21-27 And Jesus looking upon him loved him, and said to him,
"You lack one thing; go, sell what you have, and give to the poor,
and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me." At that
saying his countenance fell, and he went away sorrowful; for he had
great possessions. And Jesus looked around and said to his
disciples, "How hard it will be for those who have riches to enter
the kingship of God!"
And the disciples were amazed at his words. But Jesus said to them again,
"Children, how hard it is to enter the kingship of God! It
is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a
rich man to enter the kingship of God." And they were
exceedingly astonished, and said to him, "Then who can be saved?"
Jesus looked at them and said, "With men it is impossible, but not
with God; for all things are possible with God."
Luke 18:18-30 And a ruler asked him, "Good Teacher, what shall I do to
inherit eternal life?" And Jesus said to him, "Why do you call me
good? No one is good but God alone. You know the commandments: 'Do
not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false
witness, Honor your father and mother.'" And he said, "All these I
have observed from my youth." And when Jesus heard it, he said to
him, "One thing you still lack. Sell all that you have and
distribute to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and
come, follow me." But when he heard this he became sad, for he was
very rich, and he went away sorrowfully.
Jesus looking at him said, "How hard it is for those who have riches to enter the
kingship of God! For it is easier for a camel to go through
the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingship
of God." Those who heard it said, "Then who can be saved?" But he
said, "What is impossible with men is possible with God." And Peter
said, "Lo, we have left our homes and followed you." And he said to
them, "Truly, I say to you, there is no man who has left house or
wife or brothers or parents or children, for the sake of the
kingship of God, who will not receive manifold more in this
time, and in the age to come life of the ages."
Matthew 20:1-16 "The kingship of the heavens is like a householder
who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his
vineyard. After agreeing with the laborers for a denarius a day, he
sent them into his vineyard. And going out about the third hour he
saw others standing idle in the market place; and to them he said,
'You go into the vineyard too, and whatever is right I will give
you.' So they went. Going out again about the sixth hour and the
ninth hour, he did the same. And about the eleventh hour he went
out and found others standing; and he said to them, 'Why do you
stand here idle all day?' They said to him, 'Because no one has
hired us.' He said to them, 'You go into the vineyard too.' And
when evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his steward,
'Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning with the
last, up to the first.' And when those hired about the eleventh
hour came, each of them received a denarius.
Now when the first came, they thought they would receive more; but each of them
also received a denarius. And on receiving it they grumbled at the
householder, saying, 'These last worked only one hour, and you have
made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and the
scorching heat.' But he replied to one of them, 'Friend, I am doing
you no wrong; did you not agree with me for a denarius? Take what
belongs to you, and go; I choose to give to this last as I give to
you. Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me?
Or do you begrudge my generosity?' So the last will be first, and
the first last."
12:28-34 And one of the scribes came up and heard them disputing
with one another, and seeing that he answered them well, asked him,
"Which commandment is the first of all?" Jesus answered, "The first
is, 'Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one; and you
shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your
soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.' The
second is this, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There
is no other commandment greater than these."
scribe said to him, "You are right, Teacher; you have truly said
that he is one, and there is no other but he; and to love him with
all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the
strength, and to love one's neighbor as oneself, is much more than
all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices." And when Jesus saw that
he answered wisely, he said to him, "You are not far from the
kingship of God." And after that no one dared to ask him any
21:28-32 "What do you think? A man had two sons; and he went to
the first and said, 'Son, go and work in the vineyard today.' And
he answered, 'I will not'; but afterward he repented and went. And
he went to the second and said the same; and he answered, 'I go,
sir,' but did not go. Which of the two did the will of his
father?" They said, "The first." Jesus said to them, "Truly, I say
to you, the tax collectors and the harlots go into the kingship
of God before you. For John came to you in the way of
righteousness, and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors
and the harlots believed him; and even when you saw it, you did not
afterward repent and believe him.
21:42-44 Jesus said to them, "Have you never read in the
scriptures: 'The very stone which the builders rejected has become
the head of the corner; this was the Lord's doing, and it is
marvelous in our eyes'? Therefore I tell you, the kingship
of God will be taken away from you and given to a nation producing
the fruits of it." And he who falls on this stone will be broken to
pieces, but whom it falls on anyone, it will crush him."
22:1-14 And again Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying, "The
kingship of the heavens may be compared to a king who gave a
marriage feast for his son, and sent his servants to call those who
were invited to the marriage feast; but they would not come.
Again he sent other servants, saying, 'Tell those who are invited,
Behold, I have made ready my dinner, my oxen and my fat calves are
killed, and everything is ready; come to the marriage feast.'
But they made light of it and went off, one to his farm, another to
his business, while the rest seized his servants, treated them
shamefully, and killed them."
The king was
angry, and he sent his troops and destroyed those murderers and
burned their city. Then he said to his servants, 'The wedding is
ready, but those invited were not worthy. Go therefore to the
thoroughfares, and invite to the marriage feast as many as you
find.' And those servants went out into the streets and gathered
all whom they found, both bad and good; so the wedding hall was
filled with guests.
"But when the
king came in to look at the guests, he saw there a man who had no
wedding garment; and he said to him, 'Friend, how did you get in
here without a wedding garment?' And he was speechless. Then the
king said to the attendants, 'Bind him hand and foot, and cast him
into the outer darkness; there men will weep and gnash their
teeth.' For many are called, but few are selected."
14:15-24 When one of those who sat at table with him heard this, he
said to him, "Blessed is he who shall eat bread in the kingship
of God!" But he said to him, "A man once gave a great banquet, and
invited many; and at the time for the banquet he sent his servant to
say to those who had been invited, 'Come; for all is now ready.'
But they all alike began to make excuses. The first said to him, 'I
have bought a field, and I must go out and see it; I pray you, have
me excused.' And another said, 'I have bought five yoke of oxen,
and I go to examine them; I pray you, have me excused.' And
another said, 'I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.'
servant came and reported this to his master. Then the householder
in anger said to his servant, 'Go out quickly to the streets and
lanes of the city, and bring in the poor and maimed and blind and
lame.' And the servant said, 'Sir, what you commanded has been
done, and still there is room.' And the master said to the servant,
'Go out to the highways and hedges, and compel people to come in,
that my house may be filled. For I tell you, none of those men who
were invited shall taste my banquet.'"
16:14-17 The Pharisees, who were lovers of money, heard all this,
and they scoffed at him. But he said to them, "You are those who
justify yourselves before men, but God knows your hearts; for what
is exalted among men is an abomination in the sight of God. "The
law and the prophets were until John; since then the good news of
the kingship of God is preached, and every one enters it
17:20-21 Being asked by the Pharisees when the kingship of
God was coming, he answered them, "The kingship of God is not
coming with signs to be observed; nor will they say, 'Lo, here it
is!' or 'There!' for behold, the kingship of God is in the
midst of you."
23:13 "But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because
you shut the kingship of the heavens against men; for you
neither enter yourselves, nor allow those who would enter to go in."
24:9-14 "Then they will deliver you up to tribulation, and put you
to death; and you will be hated by all nations for my name's sake.
And then many will fall away, and betray one another, and hate one
another. And many false prophets will arise and lead many astray.
And because wickedness is multiplied, most men's love will grow
cold. But the gospel that endures to the end will be saved. And
this gospel of the kingship will be preached throughout the
whole world, as a testimony to all nations; and then the end will
13:7-10 And when you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be
alarmed; this must take place, but the end is not yet. For nation
will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; there will be
earthquakes in various places, there will be famines; this is but
the beginning of the birth‑pangs. But take heed to yourselves; for
they will deliver you up to councils; and you will be beaten in
synagogues; and you will stand before governors and kings for my
sake, to bear testimony before them. And the gospel must first be
preached to all nations."
21:29-33 And he told them a parable: "Look at the fig tree, and all
the trees; as soon as they come out in leaf, you see for yourselves
and know that the summer is already near. So also, when you see
these things taking place, you know that the kingship of God
is near. Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away
till all has taken place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my
words will not pass away."
25:1-13 "Then the kingship of the heavens shall be compared
to ten maidens who took their lamps and went to meet the
bridegroom. Five of them were foolish, and five were wise. For
when the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them; but
the wise took flasks of oil with their lamps. As the bridegroom was
delayed, they all slumbered and slept.
midnight there was a cry, 'Behold, the bridegroom! Come out to meet
him.' Then all those maidens rose and trimmed their lamps. And the
foolish said to the wise, 'Give us some of your oil, for our lamps
are going out.' But the wise replied, 'Perhaps there will not be
enough for us and for you; go rather to the dealers and buy for
yourselves.' And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came, and
those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast; and the
door was shut. Afterward the other maidens came also, saying,
'Lord, lord, open to us.' But he replied, 'Truly, I say to you, I
do not know you.' Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor
25:14-30 "For it will be as when a man going on a journey called
his servants and entrusted to them his property; to one he gave five
talents, to another two, to another one, to each according to his
ability. Then he went away. He who had received the five talents
went at once and traded with them; and he made five talents more.
So also, he who had the two talents made two talents more. But he
who had received the one talent went and dug in the ground and hid
his master's money. Now after a long time the master of those
servants came and settled accounts with them. And he who had
received the five talents came forward, bringing five talents more,
saying, 'Master, you delivered to me five talents; here I have made
five talents more.' His master said to him, 'Well done, good and
faithful servant; you have been faithful over a little, I will set
you over much; enter into the joy of your master.'"
"And he also
who had the two talents came forward, saying,
'Master, you delivered to me two talents; here I have made two talents more.'
His master said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant; you
have been faithful over a little, I will set you over much; enter
into the joy of your master.' He also who had received the one
talent came forward, saying, 'Master, I knew you to be a hard man,
reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not
winnow; so I was afraid, and I went and hid your talent in the
ground. Here you have what is yours.' But his master answered him,
'You wicked and slothful servant! You knew that I reap where I have
not sowed, and gather where I have not winnowed? Then you ought to
have invested my money with the bankers, and at my coming I should
have received what was my own with interest. So take the talent
from him, and give it to him who has the ten talents.'
"For to every
one who has will more be given, and he will have abundance; but from
him who has not, even what he has will be taken away. And cast the
worthless servant into the outer darkness; there men will weep and
gnash their teeth."
19:11-27 As they heard these things, he proceeded to tell a
parable, because he was near to Jerusalem, and because they supposed
that the kingship of God was to appear immediately. He said
therefore, "A nobleman went into a far country to receive a
kingship and then return. Calling ten of his servants, he gave
them ten pounds, and said to them, 'Trade with these till I come.'
But his citizens hated him and sent an embassy after him, saying,
'We do not want this man to reign over us.' When he returned,
having received the kingship, he commanded these servants, to
whom he had given the money, to be called to him, that he might know
what they had gained by trading.
came before him, saying, 'Lord, your pound has made ten pounds
more.' And he said to him, 'Well done, good servant! Because you
have been faithful in a very little, you shall have authority over
ten cities.' And the second came, saying, 'Lord, your pound has
made five pounds.' And he said to him, 'And you are to be over five
cities.' Then another came, saying, 'Lord, here is your pound,
which I kept laid away in a napkin; for I was afraid of you, because
you are a severe man; you take up what you did not lay down, and
reap what you did not sow.' He said to him, 'I will condemn you out
of your own mouth, you wicked servant! You knew that I was a severe
man, taking up what I did not lay down and reaping what I did not
sow? Why then did you not put my money into the bank, and at my
coming I should have collected it with interest?' And he said to
those who stood by, 'Take the pound from him, and give it to him who
has the ten pounds.' (And they said to him, 'Lord, he has ten
pounds!') 'I tell you, that to every one who has will more be
given; but from him who has not, even what he has will be taken
away. But as for these enemies of mine, who did not want me to
reign over them, bring them here and slay them before me.'"
25:31-46 "When the Son of man comes into his glory, and all the
doctrines with him, then he will be situated on his glorious seat of
power. Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will
separate them one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep
from the goats, and he will place the sheep at his right hand, but
the goats at the left.
King will say to those at his right hand, 'Come, O blessed of my
Father, inherit the kingship prepared for you from the
foundation of the world; for I was hungry and you gave me food, I
was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed
me, I was naked and you clothed me, I was sick and you visited me, I
was in prison and you came to me.' Then the righteous will answer
him, 'Lord, when did we see thee hungry and feed thee, or thirsty
and give thee drink? And when did we see thee a stranger and
welcome thee, or naked and clothe thee? And when did we see thee
sick or in prison and visit thee?'
"And the King
will answer them, 'Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the
least of these my brethren, you did it to me.' Then he will say to
those at his left hand, 'Depart from me, you cursed, into the fire
<discipline> of the ages prepared for the divider and its doctrines; for
I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me no
drink, I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did
not clothe me, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.' Then they
also will answer, 'Lord, when did we see thee hungry or thirsty or a
stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not minister to thee?'
Then he will answer them, 'Truly, I say to you, as you did it not to one
of the least of these, you did it not to me.' And they will go away
into the punishment of the age, but the righteous into life of the
And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, and
they all drank of it. And he said to them, "This is my blood of the
covenant, which is poured out for many. Truly, I say to you, I shall
not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it
new in the kingship of God."
And when the hour came, he sat at table, and the apostles with him. And
he said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this passover with you
before I suffer; for I tell you I shall not eat it until it is fulfilled
in the kingship of God." And he took a cup, and when he had
given thanks he said, "Take this, and divide it among yourselves; for I
tell you that from now on I shall not drink of the fruit of the vine
until the kingship of God comes."
22:24-28 A dispute also arose among them, which of them
was to be regarded as the greatest. And he said to them, "The kings of
the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and those in authority over
them are called benefactors. But not so with you; rather let the
greatest among you become as the youngest, and the leader as one who
serves. For which is the greater, one who sits at table, or one who
serves? Is it not the one who sits at table? But I am among you as one
who serves. You are those who have continued with me in my trials; and
I assign to you, as my Father assigned to me, a kingship, that
you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and be situated on
seats of power judging the twelve tribes of Israel."
** Notice that the bad soil represents the person who has no root in
himself, or is not rooted in self. An understanding of the truth that
Jesus brought begins with taking the inward journey to see and
understand what we really want and really need, to have a self defined
grasp of what is good and desirable.