"There are a thousand hacking at the
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Resurrection and the Body
His disciples were in total despair before he came to the upper room. Prior to that literally no one believed in him, that is, actually believed all that he said when he was with them before the resurrection. Not even John and Thomas believed what Jesus said, that is, believed about God's purpose, plan and values the way Jesus portrayed them, until they had the tangible proof of his resurrection. As Luke 24:11 puts it, "But the story (of his resurrection) appeared to them to be nonsense, and they would not believe them." Before he told Thomas "Bring your finger here, and see my hands", Thomas was determined to not believe and to just forget.
A most important point of the resurrection, though, is that Jesus was resurrected in a body, a body that was exactly like, exactly the same as it was before he died, complete even with the scars or wounds of the nails and sword. Jesus did not come back as some ethereal spirit, ghostly entity, or apparition in the sky; he came back in a physical body that functioned biologically just the way it did before, just like the normal human being. This is demonstrated by his eating and drinking with them. This is not to say that he had the "normal" limitations of human beings as we know them, he obviously did not. On the other hand neither did he have these limitations before he was crucified.
The fact that Jesus had a body did not get in the way of his performing miracles, becoming invisible, walking through walls, etc. He could do any and all of these things before he was crucified, and so this lack of limitations did not change after the resurrection. There is no valid basis for believing that anything changed about him except that his work or role was finished.
The whole point of the resurrection and his showing up, in his "normal" body, was to demonstrate that what God has in mind for us is to not only live with or dwell in bodies, but to do so in ones that do not have the normal limitations. So, our destiny is to have bodies. And why not? Again, this is not to imply that in the realm of goodness, in the healed reality, we cannot fix, alter, modify or improve our bodies to suit the situation, ourselves and/or others. It's just that in the healed reality we are going to show up in bodies. Of course, by the general definition of a body, anything that does show up and is perceivable is a body.
There is a lot of misguided thinking out there that physicality is not a good thing, that it is somehow a mistake, and embracing having a body is limiting and disempowering. Jesus put the lie to this thinking first of all by continually healing people of their physical maladies even when that would interfere with his immediate mission capability, and by his resurrection of others and himself. His words of continued life−the Greek words used from the root zao mean biological functionality−and these actions affirmed physicality as being part of God's plan.